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On Feb. 21 eighty-nine blacks including King were indicted for the misdemeanor of conspiring to boycott. The Alabama anti-boycott law was passed in 1921 in response to the violent strike of Birmingham coal miners. Martin L. King was brought to trail in Mar. and although he was convicted Judge Eugene W. Carter refused to sentence him to prison on the grounds that King had worked to avoid violence.
This series consists of the State Attorney General's copy of the transcript of the Circuit Court trial that occurred on 1956 Mar. 19. In addition to King, Roy Bennett, E.N. French, and E.D. Dixon were named as defendants. Attorneys for the defense were Fred D. Gray, Charles D. Langford, Orzell Billingsley, Jr., Peter A. Hall, and Arthur D. Shores. Maury D. Smith, Robert B. Stewart, and William F. Thetford served as prosecuting attorneys.
Witnesses included: J.H. Bagley, Willie Chisholm, Erna Dungee, U.J. Fields, R.S. Graetz, Beatrice Jackson, Rufus Lewis, Joe Foster, D.S. Johnson, C.E. Moseley, Hezekiah Nunn, J.B. Sadler, C.H. Williams, Joseph Alford, Joe Alford, Joe Azbell, Mary Banks, A.E. Beasley, M.O. Beasley, C.A. Bedsole, Leola Bell, Henrietta Brinson, Sadie Brooks, Stella Brooks, Henry A. Burks, Arretta Burney, Willie Carter, C.N. Courtney, Irene Dorsey, Willie Elmore, J.B. Gardner, Odelliah Garnier, William A. Gayle, Georgia Gilmore, Thelma Glass, Mary Harris, George Henderson, Lula Mae Hopper, Dorothy Johnson, Geneva Johnson, K.Y. Jones, William Jones, Richard Jordan, Bessie Logan, O.O. Martin, W.H. Mills, Gladys Moore, S.E. Moseley, Rosa Lee Murray, John Oliver, Louise Osborne, Janie Page, Henry A. Parker, R.A. Park, Stuart W. Patton, Della Perkins, Eva Perkins, O.T. Rainwater, Inez Ricks, Frances Rutledge, Jack Shows, R.T. Smiley, Ernest Smith, Martha K. Walker, D.W. Williams, Odessa Williams, and A.W. Wilson. Individuals mentioned during the course of the trial include: Ralph D. Abernathy, Claudette Colvin, Jack Crenshaw, Governor James E. (Big Jim) Folsom, Walter Knabe, Rosa Parks, and JoAnn Robinson.
- Abernathy, Ralph, -- 1926-1990.
- Bagley, J. H.
- Bennett, Roy.
- Chisholm, Willie.
- Colvin, Claudette.
- Crenshaw, Jack.
- Dungee, Erna.
- Fields, U. J.
- Folsom, James Elisha, -- 1909-1987.
- Foster, Joe.
- French, E. N.
- Graetz, R. S.
- Gray, Fred D.
- Jackson, Beatrice.
- Johnson, D. S.
- King, Martin Luther, -- Jr., -- 1929-1968.
- Knabe, Walter.
- Lewis, Rufus.
- Moseley, C. E.
- Nixon, E. D.
- Nunn, Hezekiah.
- Parks, Rosa, -- 1913-2005.
- Robinson, JoAnn.
- Sadler, J. B.
- Williams, C. H.
- Montgomery Improvement Association (Ala.)
- White Citizens' Council (Montgomery, Ala.)
- Women's Political Council (Montgomery, Ala.)
- African Americans -- Civil rights.
- Boycotts -- Alabama.
- Buses -- Alabama.
- Civil rights demonstrations -- Alabama.
- Freedom of movement -- Alabama.
- Race discrimination -- Alabama.
- Segregation in transportation -- Alabama -- Montgomery.
- Transportation -- Law and legislation -- Alabama.
- Trials (Conspiracy) -- Alabama.
- Women civil rights workers -- Alabama.
- Alabama -- Race relations.
- Montgomery (Ala.)