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Motivation through the design of work: test of a theory
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Motivation through the design of work: test of a theory

Author: J Richard Hackman Affiliation: Yale University USA; Greg R Oldham Affiliation: University of Illinois USA
Edition/Format: Article Article : English
Publication:Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, v16 n2 (1976): 250-279
Database:ScienceDirect
Summary:
A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motivated work behavior to develop; (b) the characteristics of jobs that can create these psychological states; and (c) the  Read more...
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Details

Document Type: Article
All Authors / Contributors: J Richard Hackman Affiliation: Yale University USA; Greg R Oldham Affiliation: University of Illinois USA
ISSN:0030-5073
Language Note: English
Unique Identifier: 4925746330
Awards:

Abstract:

A model is proposed that specifies the conditions under which individuals will become internally motivated to perform effectively on their jobs. The model focuses on the interaction among three classes of variables: (a) the psychological states of employees that must be present for internally motivated work behavior to develop; (b) the characteristics of jobs that can create these psychological states; and (c) the attributes of individuals that determine how positively a person will respond to a complex and challenging job. The model was tested for 658 employees who work on 62 different jobs in seven organizations, and results support its validity. A number of special features of the model are discussed (including its use as a basis for the diagnosis of jobs and the evaluation of job redesign projects), and the model is compared to other theories of job design.

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