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Mr. Smith goes to Tokyo : the Japanese cinema under the American occupation, 1945-1952

Author: Kyōko Hirano
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institute, 1992.
Series: Smithsonian studies in the history of film and television.
Edition/Format:   Book : National government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"In Mr. Smith Goes to Tokyo, Kyoko Hirano examines American censorship of Japanese cinema during the occupation of 1945-1952, exposing how the occupation government effectively used the Japanese film industry to serve its own ends: to inculcate "democratic" principles, to guard against a return to militarism, and, ultimately, to create a trustworthy ally in the Pacific." "The first history of Japanese cinema under  Read more...
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Genre/Form: History
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Hirano, Kyōko.
Mr. Smith goes to Tokyo.
Washington, D.C. : Smithsonian Institute, 1992
(OCoLC)664540935
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Kyōko Hirano
ISBN: 1560981571 9781560981572 1560984023 9781560984023
OCLC Number: 25367560
Description: xvii, 365 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
Contents: Introduction. The American Occupation of Japan: Historical Background. Occupation Film Policy. Occupation Scholarship: A Review. Goals and Structure of This Volume --
1. From War to Occupation. Japanese Prewar and Wartime Censorship. American Preparation for the Occupation Film Policy. Japanese Film at the End of the War. The Dual Structure of Occupation Media Policy. Film Policy. The Banned Films. Prohibited Subjects --
2. Prohibited Subjects. Militarism, Wartime Activities, and War Crimes. Criticism of the Occupation. The Atomic Bomb. Period Films. Attitudes toward Women and Children. Antisocial Behavior. Xenophobia. Religion. Other Subjects. The Case of Desertion at Dawn. The Receptiveness of Japanese Filmmakers
Series Title: Smithsonian studies in the history of film and television.
Responsibility: Kyoko Hirano.
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Abstract:

"In Mr. Smith Goes to Tokyo, Kyoko Hirano examines American censorship of Japanese cinema during the occupation of 1945-1952, exposing how the occupation government effectively used the Japanese film industry to serve its own ends: to inculcate "democratic" principles, to guard against a return to militarism, and, ultimately, to create a trustworthy ally in the Pacific." "The first history of Japanese cinema under the American occupation, Mr. Smith Goes to Tokyo makes extensive use of declassified occupation-government documents from Washington and Tokyo, censored screenplays, several hundred films, and interviews with Japanese directors, producers, and writers. Through an analysis of such classics as Akira Kurosawa's No Regrets for Our Youth (1946), long considered a standard in the "democratization film" genre, Hirano reveals that American authorities approved of films that featured baseball, American-style comedy, gunfights, kissing scenes, and Japanese men and women resisting fascism. She addresses prohibited topics - ritual suicide, gambling, depictions of Mt. Fuji, and, above all, criticism of the United States - in discussions of such censored films as The Japanese Tragedy (1946) and Desertion at Dawn (1950)." "Hirano traces the history of occupation censorship from its beginnings, when the United States became the almost sole Allied occupying force under General Douglas MacArthur (who wished to make Japan the "Switzerland of Asia"), to its conclusion, with the signing of a bilateral defense treaty. The author distinguishes between an early, more liberal period of occupation, in which many of Japan's own repressive restrictions on political expression were lifted, and a longer regressive period, in which growing antilabor policies of the Cold War era sparked labor unrest in the Japanese film industry."

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