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Murder and martyrdom in Spanish Florida : Don Juan and the Guale uprising of 1597

Author: J Michael Francis; Kathleen M Kole; David Hurst Thomas
Publisher: New York : American Museum of Natural History, ©2011.
Series: Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 95.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
In the late fall of 1597, Guale Indians murdered five Franciscan friars stationed in their territory and razed their missions to the ground. The 1597 Guale Uprising, or Juanillo's Revolt as it is often called, brought the missionization of Guale to an abrupt end and threatened Florida's new governor with the most significant crisis of his term. To date, interpretations of the uprising emphasize the primacy of a  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Sources
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: J Michael Francis; Kathleen M Kole; David Hurst Thomas
OCLC Number: 744645109
Language Note: Some texts translated from Spanish.
Notes: "Issued August 3, 2011."
Description: 154 pages : maps ; 26 cm.
Contents: Introduction : Spanish Florida on the eve of the uprising --
Juanillo's revolt? : a brief (hi)story --
Luís Gerónimo de Oré's account of the 1597 Guale uprising --
Francisco de Ávila's captivity narrative --
St. Francis day, October 4, 1597 --
A new pretender : the other Don Juan --
The investigation continues and a friar's ransom --
A bitter foe and old alliances restored --
The death of Don Juan and Guale's new mico mayor --
Epilogue : Don Domingo's revolt?
Series Title: Anthropological papers of the American Museum of Natural History, v. 95.
Other Titles: Don Juan and the Guale uprising of 1597
Responsibility: J. Michael Francis, Kathleen M. Kole ; with a contribution by David Hurst Thomas.

Abstract:

In the late fall of 1597, Guale Indians murdered five Franciscan friars stationed in their territory and razed their missions to the ground. The 1597 Guale Uprising, or Juanillo's Revolt as it is often called, brought the missionization of Guale to an abrupt end and threatened Florida's new governor with the most significant crisis of his term. To date, interpretations of the uprising emphasize the primacy of a young Indian from Tolomato named Juanillo, the heir to Guale's paramount chieftaincy. According to most versions of the uprising story, Tolomato's resident friar publicly reprimanded Juanillo for practicing polygamy. In his anger, Juanillo gathered his forces and launched a series of violent assaults on all five of Guale territory's Franciscan missions, leaving all but one of the province's friars dead. Through a series of newly translated primary sources, many of which have never appeared in print, this volume presents the most comprehensive examination of the 1597 uprising and its aftermath. It seeks to move beyond the two central questions that have dominated the historiography of the uprising, namely who killed the five friars and why, neither of which can be answered with any certainty. Instead, this work aims to use the episode as the background for a detailed examination of Spanish Florida at the turn of the 17th century. Viewed collectively, these sources not only challenge current representations of the uprising, they also shed light on the complex nature of Spanish-Indian relations in early colonial Florida.

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