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Natural Products of Woody Plants : Chemicals Extraneous to the Lignocellulosic Cell Wall

Author: John W Rowe
Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
Series: Springer series in wood science.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Bibliographic data : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The present book gives an extensive overview of all relevant natural products extractable from woody plants. The chemical properties of these products, their biosynthesis within the cell and the evolution of the respective primary and secondary pathways in woody plants are described. Various carbohydrates, sugars or oligosaccharides, nitrogeneous extractives, such as proteins or alkaloids as well as terpenoids,  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Printed edition:
Material Type: Bibliographic data, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: John W Rowe
ISBN: 9783642740756 3642740758 9783642740770 3642740774
OCLC Number: 840295218
Description: 1 online resource (LXII, 1243 pages 244 illustrations).
Contents: 1 Introduction and Historical Background --
1.1 Historical Uses of Extractives and Exudates --
1.2 Natural Products Chemistry --
Past and Future --
2 Fractionation and Proof of Structure of Natural Products --
2.1 Introduction --
2.2 Novel Techniques and Recent Developments in Fractionation and Isolation --
2.3 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy --
2.4 Other Spectroscopic Techniques --
2.5 General Conclusions --
References --
3 Evolution of Natural Products --
3.1 Convergent Synthesis and the Origin of RNA-Based Life --
3.2 Expansion of the Acetate, Mevalonate, and?-Aminolevulinate Pathways in Bacteria and Algae --
3.3 Expansion of the Shikimate Pathway in Terrestrial Plants --
3.4 Phytochemistry and Plant Defense --
3.5 Oxidation Levels of Angiospermous Micromolecules --
3.6 Skeletal Specialization of Angiospermous Micromolecules --
3.7 Quantification of Micromolecular Parameters --
3.8 Phytochemical Gradients in Angiosperms --
3.9 Future Perspectives --
References --
4 Carbohydrates --
4.1 Introduction --
4.2 Sucrose --
4.3 Higher Oligosaccharides Related to Sucrose --
4.4 Other Oligosaccharides --
4.5 Monosaccharides --
4.6 Alditols --
4.7 Cyclitols --
4.9 Starch --
4.10 Extractable Polysaccharides --
References --
5 Nitrogenous Extractives --
5.1 Amino Acids, Proteins, Enzymes, and Nuccleic Acids --
5.2 The Alkaloids --
6 Aliphatic and Alicyclic Extractives --
6.1 Simple Organic Acids --
6.2 Complex Aliphatic and Alicyclic Extractives --
6.3 Fats and Fatty Acids --
6.4 Chemistry, Biochemistry, and Function of Suberin and Associated Waxes --
7 Benzenoid Extractives --
7.1 Monoaryl Natural Products --
7.2 Gallic Acid Derivatives and Hydrolyzable Tannins --
7.3 Lignans --
7.4 Stilbenes, Conioids, and Other Polyaryl Natural Products --
7.5 Flavonoids --
7.6 Biflavonoids and Proanthocyanidins --
7.7 Condensed Tannins --
8 Isoprenoids --
8.1 Terpenoids --
8.2 Steroids --
9 The Influence of Extractives on Wood Properties and Utilization --
9.1 Contribution of Extractives to Wood Characteristics --
9.2 Role of Wood Exudates and Extractives in Protecting Wood from Decay --
9.3 Effect of Extractives on Pulping --
9.4 Effect of Extractives on the Utilization of Wood --
9.5 Health Hazards Associated with Extractives --
10 The Utilization of Wood Extractives --
10.1 Naval Stores --
10.2 Gums --
10.3 Significance of the Condensed Tannins --
10.4 Rubber, Gutta, and Chicle --
10.5 Other Extractives and Chemical Intermediates --
10.6 Pharmacologically Active Metabolites --
11 The Future of Wood Extractives --
11.1 Introduction --
11.2 Requirements for Future Wood Extractives Ventures --
11.3 Prospects for Existing Extractives-Based Industries --
11.4 Failed Wood Extractives Ventures --
11.5 Future Directions for Industrially Oriented Extractives Research --
11.6 Areas of Needed Basic Research --
11.7 Conclusions --
References --
Index of Plant Genera and Species --
Organic Compounds Index.
Series Title: Springer series in wood science.
Responsibility: edited by John W. Rowe.

Abstract:

Wood as found in trees and bushes was of primary importance to ancient humans in their struggle to control their environment. Some of the extraneous components of wood are too insoluble to be ex-  Read more...

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