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The natural science of the human species : an introduction to comparative behavioral research : the "Russian Manuscript" (1944-1948)

Author: Konrad Lorenz; Agnes von Cranach
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, ©1996.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Edited from the author's posthumous works by Agnes von Cranach. Topics incl. natural science & idealistic philosophy, general attempts to define life, vitalism, mechanism, etc.\Here Am I Where Are You?: The Behavior of the Greylag Goose was thought to be Konrad Lorenz's last book. However, in 1991 the "Russian Manuscript" was discovered in an attic, and its subsequent publication in German has become a scientific  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
History
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Lorenz, Konrad, 1903-1989.
Natural science of the human species.
Cambridge, Mass. : MIT Press, ©1996
(DLC) 94048788
(OCoLC)31900504
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Konrad Lorenz; Agnes von Cranach
ISBN: 0585341990 9780585341996
OCLC Number: 47007981
Language Note: Translation of Die Naturwissenschaft vom Menschen.
Description: 1 online resource (xliii, 337 pages) : illustrations
Contents: Philosophical Prolegomena --
Natural Science and Idealistic Philosophy --
Induction --
The Consistent Hierarchical System of the Natural Sciences --
On the Possibility of a Synthesis Between the Natural Sciences and the Humanities --
Biological Prolegomena --
General Attempts to Define Life --
The Unique Historical Origin of Organisms and the Phylogenetic Approach --
The Organism as an Entity and Analysis on a Broad Front --
Finality --
The Mind Body Problem --
Historical Origins and Methods of Comparative Behavioral Research --
Preconditions --
Vitalism --
Mechanism --
The Implications of the Conflict Between Vitalism and Mechanism for Behavioral Research --
The Inductive Basis of Comparative Ethology --
Animal Keeping as a Research Method --
The Origin of the Comparative Phylogenetic Approach in the Behavorial Research --
The First Steps in the Nomothetic Stage --
The Research Personalities of Whitman and Heinroth and Their Findings --
The Discover of Appetitive Behavior / Wallace Craig --
My Own Contributions to an Understanding of the Instinctive Motor Pattern --
Implications for the Analysis of Related Phenomena --
Conclusions.
Other Titles: Naturwissenschaft vom Menschen.
Responsibility: Konrad Lorenz ; edited from the posthumous works by Agnes von Cranach ; translated by Robert D. Martin ; with 12 drawings by the author.
More information:

Abstract:

Edited from the author's posthumous works by Agnes von Cranach. Topics incl. natural science & idealistic philosophy, general attempts to define life, vitalism, mechanism, etc.\Here Am I Where Are You?: The Behavior of the Greylag Goose was thought to be Konrad Lorenz's last book. However, in 1991 the "Russian Manuscript" was discovered in an attic, and its subsequent publication in German has become a scientific sensation. Written under the most extreme conditions in Soviet prison camps, the "Russian Manuscript" was the first outline of a large-scale work on behavioral science. This translation contains a synopsis of all the ideas that made Lorenz famous as the founder of ethology, the study of comparative animal behavior. Written just after World War II, while the author was incarcerated in a Soviet prison camp, this so-called "Russian manuscript" was believed lost forever. Its rediscovery in 1991 and, now, its publication represent a major contribution to the history of science and the advancement of the behavioral sciences. This book contains some of the earliest formulations of the discipline that Lorenz called comparative behavioral research (i.e., ethology); its theories also portend the development of sociobiology and the new fields of behavioral and genetic psychology. He writes, "The route to an understanding of humans leads just as surely through an understanding of animals as the evolutionary pathway of humans had led through animal precursors." Lorenz also devotes almost equal attention to the "Philosophical Prolegomena" as to the "Biological Prologomena," arguing, in the process, for a synthesis between the sciences and the humanities as complementary expressions of human cognition. The text, edited by Lorenz's daughter, is full of literary excesses; although comprehensible to the lay reader, it is not particularly enjoyable to read. Still, such a book's value cannot be measured by its popularity alone. Important for any general science collection and indispensable for all academic or history of science collections.-Gregg Sapp, Univ. of Miami Lib.

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