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The nature of disease

Author: Lawrie Reznek
Publisher: London ; New York : Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1987.
Series: Philosophical issues in science.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

What is a disease? Are the social services right not to see smoking as a disease, and therefore to refuse to pay for its treatment? Should dissidents be diagnosed as mentally ill? Dr Reznek examines  Read more...

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Genre/Form: Classification
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Lawrie Reznek
ISBN: 0710210825 9780710210821
OCLC Number: 15792483
Description: x, 227 pages ; 23 cm.
Contents: Introduction: Medicine and the need for philosophy : Why philosophize? ; Sickness or poor training? ; Defect or decay? ; Habit or disease? ; Sympton or normality? ; Disease or way of life? ; Naughty or ill? ; A medical or political problem? ; A role for philosophers --
1. Invention or discovery? : From anti-psychiatry to anti-medicine ; Values and classification ; Inventing diseases --
2. Taxonomic realism 1: natural kinds : Taxonomic realism ; Medical taxonomic realism ; Natural kinds --
3. Taxonomic realism 2: semantics : Semantic theories ; What language do we speak? --
4. The nature of disease : Pathological conditions ; Do diseases constitute a natural kind? ; Do diseases have a nominal essence? ; Disease and explanation --
5. The normal and the pathological : Do pathological conditions constitute a natural kind? ; The nominal essence of pathology ; The nature of norms of health --
6. The concept of function : The problems ; The evaluative theory ; The teleological theory ; The actiological theory --
7. The naturalist theory : The concept of malfunction ; Disease as malfunctioning ; Objections --
8. The concept of harm : The logic of harm ; Theories of human good ; Naturalist theories ; The normative theory --
9. The normativist theory : Death, disability, discomfort and disfiguration ; Disease as harm ; Objections --
10. Disease entities as natural kinds : Are disease entities natural kinds? ; Is there a determinate number of pre-existing diseases? --
11. The semantics of disease terms : What medical language do we speak? ; A taxonomy of terms --
Conclusion: When is a disease not a disease? : Non-existent diseases ; Conclusions.
Series Title: Philosophical issues in science.
Responsibility: Lawrie Reznek.

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