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The neural basis of free will : criterial causation

Author: Peter Tse
Publisher: Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press, ©2013.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The issues of mental causation, consciousness, and free will have vexed philosophers since Plato. In this book, Peter Tse examines these unresolved issues from a neuroscientific perspective.
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Tse, Peter.
Neural basis of free will.
Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press, ©2013
(DLC) 2012029294
(OCoLC)809925940
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Peter Tse
ISBN: 9780262313155 0262313154 9781299184633 1299184634
OCLC Number: 827944890
Awards: Winner of Winner, 2013 American Publishers Award for Professional and Scholarly Excellence (PROSE Award) for Excellence in Biological & Life Sciences, presented by the Professional and Scholarly Publishing Division of the Association of American Publishers 2013
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 456 pages) : illustrations
Contents: 1. Introduction: The Mind-Body Problem Will Be Solved by Neuroscience --
2. Overview of the Arguments --
3. A Criterial Neuronal Code Underlies Downward Mental Causation and Free Will --
What Is Will? --
What Is Criterial Causation? --
4. Neurons Impose Physical and Informational Criteria for Firing on Their Inputs --
How Can Neurons Realize Informational Criteria? --
The Bottom-Up Information-Processing Hierarchy for Visual Recognition --
Decision Making and Action --
Attention and Top-Down Modulation of Bottom-Up Processing --
Basic Issues in Neuronal Information Processing: Balancing Excitation and Inhibition --
Tonic versus Phasic Firing --
The Sweet Spot of Neural Criticality --
Synchrony among inhibitory Interneurons --
Attentional Binding and Gamma Oscillations --
Attentional Binding by Neuronal Bursting --
Neural Epiconnectivity and Rapid Synaptic Resetting --
Amplifying Microscopic Randomness to Spike Timing Variability --
5. NMDA Receptors and a Neuronal Code Based on Bursting --
Spiny and Nonspiny Neurons --
The NMDA Receptor --
Long-Term Potentiation Is Not the Mechanism of Rapid Synaptic Plasticity --
Spike Timing-Dependent Plasticity --
The Role of Back-Propagating Action Potentials in Rapid Synaptic Plasticity and Bursting --
A Neuronal Burst Code --
Attentional Binding by Bursting: The Role of Cholinergic Feedback --
Attentional Binding by Bursting: The Role of Noncholinergic Feedback --
Conclusion --
6. Mental Causation as an Instance of Criterial Causation --
Criterial Causation and the Detection of Patterns in Input --
Criterial Causation: Multiple Realizability Is Not Enough --
Addressing Kim's Challenge --
There Is No Backward Causation in Criterial Causation --
Criterial Causation Is a Causation of Pattern-Released Activity --
7. Criterial Causation Offers a Neural Basis for Free Will --
Strong Free Will --
Criterial Causation Escapes the Basic Argument against Free Will --
James and Incompatibilist Physicalist Libertarianism --
Decision Making and Choice --
Conclusion --
8. Implications of Criterial Causality for Mental Representation --
The Neural Code Is Not Algorithmic --
Criterialism, Descriptivism, and Reference --
Countering Kripke's Attack --
Wittgenstein and Criteria --
Propositions and Vectorial Encodings --
Mental Operations versus Mental Representations --
Beyond Functionalism --
9. Barking Up the Wrong Free: Readiness Potentials and the Role of Conscious Willing --
Libet's Experiments Do Not Disprove the Possibility of Free Will --
Is Conscious Willing Causal? --
Illusions of Volitional Efficacy --
10. The Roles of Attention and Consciousness in Criterial Causation --
Why Are There Qualia? --
Iconic versus Working Memory --
Stage 1 Qualia as Precompiled Informational Outputs of Preconscious Operations --
Qualia as a Shared Format for Endogenous Attentional Operations --
Experience Is for Endogenously Attending, Doing, and Planning --
Volitional Attentional Tracking Requires Consciousness --
If an Animal Can Attentionally Track, Is it Conscious? --
Volitional Attention Can Alter Qualia --
Qualia and Chunking: Types of Qualia --
Qualia and the Frontoparietal Network --
The Superpositionality of Qualia --
Zombies Are Impossible --
Tying It All Together.
Responsibility: Peter Ulric Tse.

Abstract:

A neuroscientific perspective on the mind-body problem that focuses on how the brain actually accomplishes mental causation.  Read more...

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I love Tse's book. It has literally set me free. It explains these ideas in full glory, in exquisite detail... -- Stephen Macknik * Scientific American * ... a groundbreaking new paradigm about how Read more...

 
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