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A neurocomputational perspective : the nature of mind and the structure of science

Author: Paul M Churchland
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. ; London : MIT Press, 1992, ©1989.
Series: A Bradford book
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

A Neurocomputationial Perspective illustrates the fertility of the concepts and data drawn from the study of the brain and of artificial networks that model the brain.

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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Paul M Churchland
ISBN: 0262531062 9780262531061 0262031515 9780262031516
OCLC Number: 28798992
Notes: "A Bradford book."
Description: xvii, 321 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm.
Contents: Part 1 The nature of mind: eliminative materialism and the propositional attitudes - why folk psychology is a theory, why folk psychology might (really) be false, arguments against elimination, the conservative nature of functionalism, beyond folk psychology; functionalism, qualia, and intentionality - four problems concerning qualia, the problem of nonstandard realizations, functionalism and methodology; reduction, qualia, and the direct introspection of brain states - intertheoretic reduction, theoretical change and perceptual change, Thomas Nagel's arguments, Jackson's knowledge argument; knowing qualia - a reply to Jackson - the persistent equivocation, other invalid instances, a genuinely nonequivocal knowledge argument, converting a third-person account into a first-person account; some reductive strategies in cognitive neurobiology - laminar cortex, vertical connections, and topographic maps; sensorimotor coordination, coordinate transformation - its physical implementation, cortex with more than two layers, beyond state-space sandwiches, the representatonal power of state spaces; folk psychology and the explanation of human behaviour - objections to the theoretical view, an alternative form of knowledge representation, addendum - commentary on Dennett; reductionism, connectionism, and the plasticity of human consciousness - the plasticity argument, the cultural-embedding objection. Part 2 The structure of science: the ontological status of observables - in praise of the superempirical virtues - how van Fraassen's problem collapses into Hume's problem, the primacy of the superempirical virtues, toward a more realistic realism; on the nature of theories - a neurocomputational perspective - the classical view of theories, problems and alternative approaches, elementary brainlike networks, representation and learning in brainlike networks, some functional properties of brainlike networks, how faithfully do these networks depict the brain?, computational neuroscience - the naturalization of epistemology; on the nature of explanation - a PDP approach - conceptual organization in PDP networks, recognition and understanding, prototype activation - a unified theory of explanation, inference to the best explanation, comparison with earlier models; learning and conceptual change - multiple conceptual competence, conceptual change versus conceptual redeployment, what drives conceptual change?, automated science; perceptual plasticity and theoretical neutrality - a reply to Jerry Fodor - the etiologty of perceptual belief, the semantics of observation predicates; conceptual progress and word-world relations - in search of the essence of natural kinds - natural kinds and scientific progress - the Putnam-Kripke view, natural kinds as law-bound kinds - some virtues, consequences, and difficulties; moral facts and moral knowledge - the epistemology and ontology of morals, moral prototypes and moral development, praxis, theoria, and progress.
Series Title: A Bradford book
Responsibility: Paul M. Churchland.

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"A bold and unified account encompassing an attitude to belief, desire, subjective experience, learning, grasp of theories and explanatory understanding... A wide-ranging, daring and eloquently Read more...

 
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