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Neuronal Cooperativity

Author: Jürgen Krüger
Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1991.
Series: Springer series in synergetics, 49.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
To advance our understanding of higher brain functions it is necessary to study the interneuronal relationships governing neuronal processing. Since this is an extremely complex problem, many researchers have been content to study the immense but relatively simple "cellular bottom", in the hope that some kind of "bottom-up" analysis would emerge of its own accord. In contrast to this, each of the authors of the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jürgen Krüger
ISBN: 9783642843013 3642843018
OCLC Number: 851375536
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 302 pages 125 illustrations).
Contents: 1. Introduction --
2. The Structure-Function Problem in Visual Cortical Circuitry Studied by Cross-Correlation Techniques and Multi-Channel Recordings --
2.1 An Approach to the Structure-Function Problem by Cross-Correlation Technique --
2.2 Experimental Techniques for Cross-Correlation Analysis --
2.3 Basic Neuronal Interaction Demonstrated by Cross-Correlation Analysis --
2.4 Signal Transmission Demonstrated by Cross-Correlation Analysis --
2.5 Intracortical Transmission Along a Single Functional Column or to Adjacent Functional Columns --
2.6 Transmission to Distant Functional Columns --
2.7 Functional Scheme of Visual Cortical Circuitry --
2.8 Synaptic Interaction Studied by Spike-Triggered Averaging --
2.9 Multi-Channel Optical Recording of Neural Activity --
2.10 Concluding Remarks --
References --
3. Optical Imaging of Neuronal Activity in the Living Brain --
3.1 Why Optical Imaging? --
3.2 Optical Imaging of Neuronal Activity with Voltage-Sensitive Dyes --
3.3 Optical Imaging Based on Intrinsic Signals --
3.4 Studies of the Organization and Interactions of Neuronal Populations in Vivo Utilizing Voltage-Sensitive Dyes --
3.5 Optical Imaging of Activity Using Intrinsic Signals --
3.6 Comparison of Optical Imaging With and Without Voltage-Sensitive Dyes --
3.7 Conclusions --
References --
4. Dynamic Aspects of Neuronal Cooperativity: Fast Stimulus-Locked Modulations of Effective Connectivity --
4.1 Introduction --
4.2 Computational Methods --
4.3 Results --
4.4 Discussion --
References --
5. Temporal Structure of Cortical Information Processing: Cortical Architecture, Oscillations and Non-Separability of Spatio-Temporal Receptive Field Organization --
5.1 Introduction --
5.2 Temporal-Spatial Aspects of Receptive Field Organization --
5.3 Summary --
5.4 Perspectives --
Anything is Temporal --
References --
6. Spike Train Correlations on Slow Time Scales in Monkey Visual Cortex --
6.1 Spike Train Correlations --
6.2 Correlations in the 50 ms Range --
6.3 Correlations in the Range Fractions of Seconds to Minutes ('Covariability') --
6.4 Operation of the Visual System in the Presence of Correlated Signals --
6.5 Identification of Stimuli from Neuronal Responses --
6.6 Signal Contents and Signal Importance --
References --
7. Connectivity and Functional Organization in the Mammalian Visual Cortex --
7.1 Introduction --
7.2 Horizontal Interactions Among Oriented Cells --
7.3 Functional Organization and Connectivity in the Blob and Interblob Regions of Primate Striate Cortex --
7.4 Conclusions --
References --
8. The Formation of Cooperative Cells Assemblies in the Visual Cortex --
8.1 Coherence of Feature as Criterion for Scene Segmentation --
8.2 The Development of Binocular Correspondence as an Example for Experience Dependent Selection of Neuronal Connections --
8.3 The Control of Local Circuit Modifications by Global Gating Systems --
8.4 Involvement of a Molecular Coincidence Detector in Use-Dependent Plasticity --
8.5 Cooperativity Between Distributed Neuronal Responses as Criterion for Local Circuit Modifications --
8.6 Activity-Dependent Self-Organization at Higher Levels of Cortical Processing --
8.7 Detection and Representation of Coherent Features by Synchronously Oscillating Cell Assemblies --
References --
9. Stimulus-Specific Synchronizations in the Visual Cortex: Linking of Local Features into Global Figures? --
9.1 Search for Concepts of Global Cortical Processing --
9.2 Development of Experimental Techniques for the Analysis of Global Cortical Processing --
9.3 Local Properties of Stimulus-Induced Oscillations in the Visual Cortex --
9.4 Stimulus-Induced Synchronizations in Spatially Separated Assemblies --
9.5 Mechanisms for Stimulus-Induced Synchronizations Between Remote Cortical Assemblies --
9.6 Data from Awake Cats --
References --
10. Cross-Correlation Analysis of Motoneuron Inputs in a Coordinated Motor Act --
10.1 Patterns of Activity and of Motoneuron Synchronization --
10.2 The Primary Correlation Operator --
10.3 Patterns of Input Connections to Intercostal Motoneurons --
10.4 Direct Measurement of the Respiratory Input to Intercostal Motoneurons --
10.5 Further Analysis of Motoneuron Synchronization --
10.6 Conclusions --
References --
11. Correlated Activity of Neurons: A Neural Code for Higher Brain Functions? --
11.1 Introduction --
11.2 Functional Properties of Single Neurons --
11.3 Firing Rates and Response Properties of Neighboring Neurons --
11.4 Cross-Correlation Analysis: Significance and Limitations --
11.5 Estimating the Efficacy of Neuronal Interactions --
11.6 Cross-Correlation Analysis: Experimental Results --
11.7 Dynamics of Neuronal Interactions --
11.8 Concluding Discussion --
References --
12. Systems Neuronal Activity in Learning --
12.1 Cortical Network Activity --
12.2 Two Views on the Function of Cortical Neurons in Learning --
12.3 Two Types of Cortical Neuronal Network in Learning --
12.4 Specificity of Cortical Networks --
12.5 Conclusion --
References.
Series Title: Springer series in synergetics, 49.
Responsibility: edited by Jürgen Krüger.

Abstract:

To advance our understanding of higher brain functions it is necessary to study the interneuronal relationships governing neuronal processing. Since this is an extremely complex problem, many researchers have been content to study the immense but relatively simple "cellular bottom", in the hope that some kind of "bottom-up" analysis would emerge of its own accord. In contrast to this, each of the authors of the present book is engaged in an active search for the way "up". The eleven chapters describe a variety of new and innovative methods and the results obtained. The reader will come to appreciate how the intricate and yet weak interactions among nerve cells give rise to the functional capacity of the mammalian brain. This book provides important insights into processes related to higher brain functions and memory.

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Optical Imaging of Neuronal Activity in the Living Brain -- 3.1 Why Optical Imaging? -- 3.2 Optical Imaging of Neuronal Activity with Voltage-Sensitive Dyes -- 3.3 Optical Imaging Based on Intrinsic Signals -- 3.4 Studies of the Organization and Interactions of Neuronal Populations in Vivo Utilizing Voltage-Sensitive Dyes -- 3.5 Optical Imaging of Activity Using Intrinsic Signals -- 3.6 Comparison of Optical Imaging With and Without Voltage-Sensitive Dyes -- 3.7 Conclusions -- References -- 4. Dynamic Aspects of Neuronal Cooperativity: Fast Stimulus-Locked Modulations of Effective Connectivity -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Computational Methods -- 4.3 Results -- 4.4 Discussion -- References -- 5. 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