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New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty

Author: Martin Ravallion; Shaohua Chen; Prem Sangraula
Publisher: [Washington, D.C.[] : [World Bank, Development Research Group, Poverty Team], [[2007]
Series: Policy research working papers, 4199.
Edition/Format:   Print book : International government publication : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The authors provide new evidence on the extent to which absolute poverty has urbanized in the developing world, and the role that population urbanization has played in overall poverty reduction. They find that one-quarter of the world's consumption poor live in urban areas and that the proportion has been rising over time. By fostering economic growth, urbanization helped reduce absolute poverty in the aggregate but  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Ravallion, Martin.
New evidence on the urbanization of global poverty.
[Washington, D.C.[: World Bank, Development Research Group, Poverty Team, [2007]
(OCoLC)646926791
Material Type: Government publication, International government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Martin Ravallion; Shaohua Chen; Prem Sangraula
OCLC Number: 129969889
Notes: "April 2007"--Cover.
Description: 46 pages : illustrations ; 28 cm.
Series Title: Policy research working papers, 4199.
Responsibility: Martin Ravallion, Shaohua Chen and Prem Sangraula.

Abstract:

The authors provide new evidence on the extent to which absolute poverty has urbanized in the developing world, and the role that population urbanization has played in overall poverty reduction. They find that one-quarter of the world's consumption poor live in urban areas and that the proportion has been rising over time. By fostering economic growth, urbanization helped reduce absolute poverty in the aggregate but did little for urban poverty. Over 1993-2002, the count of the "$1 a day" poor fell by 150 million in rural areas but rose by 50 million in urban areas. The poor have been urbanizing even more rapidly than the population as a whole. Looking forward, the recent pace of urbanization and current forecasts for urban population growth imply that a majority of the poor will still live in rural areas for many decades to come. There are marked regional differences: Latin America has the most urbanized poverty problem, East Asia has the least; there has been a "ruralization" of poverty in Eastern Europe and Central Asia; in marked contrast to other regions, Africa's urbanization process has not been associated with falling overall poverty.

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