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New Zealand English

Author: Jennifer Hay; Margaret Maclagan; Elizabeth Gordon
Publisher: Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, ©2008.
Series: Dialects of English.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : English
Summary:
This book is a comprehensive but accessible description of English as it is spoken in New Zealand. New Zealand English is one of the youngest native speaker varieties of English, and is the only variety of English where there is recorded evidence of its entire history. It shares some features with other Southern Hemisphere varieties of English such as Australian English and South African English, but is also clearly  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Hay, Jennifer.
New Zealand English.
Edinburgh : Edinburgh University Press, ©2008
(OCoLC)184821668
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jennifer Hay; Margaret Maclagan; Elizabeth Gordon
ISBN: 9780748630882 0748630880 1281357596 9781281357595
OCLC Number: 232573463
Description: 1 online resource (xi, 164 pages) : illustrations, maps.
Contents: Cover --
COPYRIGHT --
Contents --
Preface --
Maps --
1 Geography, Demography and Cultural Factors --
1.1 New Zealand 8211; an isolated land --
1.2 The geography of New Zealand --
1.3 The arrival of the Maori --
1.4 The arrival of Europeans --
1.5 The European settlement of New Zealand --
1.6 The origins of the early European settlers --
1.7 The late nineteenth century --
1.8 New Zealand in the early twentieth century --
1.9 Maori in the twentieth century --
1.10 Socioeconomic class --
1.11 The anti-nuclear policy --
1.12 New Zealand in the twenty-first century --
1.13 Population distribution --
1.14 Maori language in New Zealand --
1.15 Pacific Islanders in New Zealand --
1.16 The Asian population in New Zealand --
1.17 Relations with Australia --
2 Phonetics and Phonology --
2.1 A note on terminology: phonetics, phonology, KEYWORDS and standard language --
2.2 Data on NZE --
2.3 Consonants of NZE --
2.3.1 The /r/ consonant --
2.3.2 The /t/ consonant --
2.3.3 The /l/ consonant --
2.4 Vowels of NZE --
2.4.1 The START vowel --
2.4.2 The KIT vowel --
2.4.3 The GEESE, FLEECE and FOOT vowels --
2.4.4 The DRESS and TRAP vowels --
2.4.5 The NURSE vowel --
2.4.6 Vowel length --
2.4.7 NZE diphthongs --
2.5 Suprasegmental features of NZE --
2.5.1 Intonation --
2.5.2 Stress --
2.5.3 Rhythm --
2.6 Sound changes in progress --
2.6.1 /hw/ --
2.6.2 H-dropping --
2.6.3 /l/-vocalisation --
2.6.4 tr-affrication --
2.6.5 Flapping your ts --
2.6.6 TH-fronting --
2.6.7 Upper class /r/ --
2.6.8 The NEAR/SQUARE merger --
2.6.9 The NZE short front vowels, KIT, DRESS and TRAP --
2.6.10 The closing diphthongs, MOUTH, PRICE, FACE and GOAT --
2.6.11 The MOUTH diphthong --
2.6.12 The and to before vowels --
2.6.13 Grown or growen? --
2.7 Final note --
3 Morphosyntax --
3.1 Verb forms --
3.2 Modal verbs --
3.3 Negation --
3.4 Verbal agreement --
3.5 Possession --
3.6 Pronouns --
3.7 Adjectives and adverbs --
3.8 Conclusion --
4 New Zealand Vocabulary and Discourse Features --
4.1 New Zealand vocabulary --
4.2 Loan words in New Zealand English --
4.2.1 Early Maori loan words --
4.2.2 Flora and fauna --
4.2.3 Maori society and culture --
4.2.4 Maori place names --
4.2.5 Maori loan words in the twentieth century --
4.2.6 Pronunciation of Maori borrowings --
4.3 Influence of Australia --
4.4 American influence --
4.5 Internal changes in New Zealand English --
4.5.1 New Zealand English word formation --
4.5.2 Semantic change --
4.5.3 New Zealand slang --
4.6 New Zealand discourse --
5 The Origins of New Zealand English --
5.1 New Zealand English and Cockney --
5.2 New Zealand English and Australia --
5.3 New Zealand English and new-dialect formation --
5.4 Early written records --
5.5 Spoken New Zealand English data --
5.6 Four early New Zealand speakers from the Mobile Unit archive --
5.7 Evidence from spoken data --
5.8 Theories about the origins and development of NZE --
6 Variation within New Zealand --
6.1 Variation in New Zealand English --
6.2 Regional variation --
6.3 Dialect and accent --
6.4 The Southland dialect --
6.5 Other regional differences --
6.6 Social variation and language analysis --
6.7 Social class and NZE --
6.8 Attitud.
Series Title: Dialects of English.
Responsibility: Jennifer Hay, Margaret Maclagan and Elizabeth Gordon.

Abstract:

An accessible overview of the state of current knowledge about English as it is spoken in New Zealand.  Read more...

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