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No Rule of Law, No Democracy : Conflicts of Interest, Corruption, and Elections as Democratic Deficits.

Author: Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner
Publisher: Ithaca : State University of New York Press, 2016.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Mainstream theories assert that democracy cures corruption. In market economies, however, elections are expensive and parties, with ever-thinning memberships, cannot legally acquire the necessary campaign funds. In order to secure electoral funds, a large number of politicians misappropriate public funds. Due to the illicit character of these transactions, high officials with conflicts of interest prefer to leave  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Nicolescu-Waggonner, Cristina.
No Rule of Law, No Democracy : Conflicts of Interest, Corruption, and Elections as Democratic Deficits.
Ithaca : State University of New York Press, ©2016
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner
ISBN: 9781438462653 1438462654
OCLC Number: 963668109
Notes: The People Confirm the Mechanism.
Description: 1 online resource (316 pages)
Contents: List of Illustrations ; Tables; Figures; Preface ; Acknowledgments ; Abbreviations ; Part I: Democracy, Rule of Law, and Corruption; Chapter 1 Introduction ; Chapter 2 Democratic Rule of Law in the 21st Century: The Theoretical Frameworks; Corruption Stalls the Establishment of Rule of Law; From Politicians to Businesses, and Back to Politicians; Two Mechanisms: Interference in the Judiciary and Lack of Reform; Citizens' Liberties; Rule of Law, Different from the Absence of Corruption; On the Rule of Law-Is It Compatible with All Systems?; Rechtsstaat, Etat de Droit, or Rule of Law. Controversies of Establishing the Rule of LawCertain Predictability of Rule of Law; On Political Corruption; Transferable Democratic Rule of Law: Targeting the Special Agent; Principal-Agent vs. Collective Action vs. Special-Agent-Principal Problem; The "Small" Adjustment and Predictability of Punishment; New Framework-Why Another Anti-Corruption Agency?; Part II: Democratic Rule of Law and Corruption in Practice; Chapter 3 Public Procurement, Party Finance, and Corrupt Judiciary: The Case of Romania; Brief Background; Rule of Law Defended. The Roots of the Problem: Shaping the Constitutional SystemThe Socialist System; Post-Communist Rule of Law and Judiciary Reform; The "Not-So-Good" Institutions, and the Legal Framework; Corruption Changes Clothes but Not Habits; A Tradition, the Tradition; Post-Communism-Privatizations, Restitutions, Procurements; Party Finance from Public Procurement Contracts and the Lack of Rule of Law, in Practice; The Conflict of Interest; The Beneficiaries, the Politicians, and Their Friends; Hidroelectrica and the Smart Boys ; The Asphalt Kings ; How They Get the Money and What They Do with It. Romsilva and the 20,000 Percent Overpriced Value Milošević : 1,107 Gas Wagons, and Money for Party Finance ; The Money Goes to Campaign Finance; Monica Ridzi and the President's Daughter ; The People Confirm; Politicians, Above Justice-Impartiality Is Only a Goal; The Judiciary, the Weak Link ; How to Influence the Judiciary ; Counterreforms: Corrupt Politicians Disable the Enforcement Mechanisms; Lawmakers Vote in Favor of Reduced National Integrity Agency Competencies ; Politicians Do Not like the Ani's Integrity ; Politicians Want to Make the Conflict of Interest Legal. The President and the Two-in-One MechanismsThe Stakes: It Becomes Costly to Be Corrupt; Chapter 4 Public Procurement, Party Finance, and Corrupt Judiciary: The Case of the Czech Republic; Brief Background; Rule of Law Defended; Constitutionalism, a Tradition; The Judiciary Before and After the Loss of Identity; The "Promising" Beginnings; The Loss of Identity; Post-1989 Hope; Corruption Changes Clothes but Not Habits; Post-Communism: Privatizations, Restitutions, and Procurements; Public Procurement for Party Finance, in Practice; Is It the Same Mechanism? The Bearer Shares Disadvantage.

Abstract:

Mainstream theories assert that democracy cures corruption. In market economies, however, elections are expensive and parties, with ever-thinning memberships, cannot legally acquire the necessary campaign funds. In order to secure electoral funds, a large number of politicians misappropriate public funds. Due to the illicit character of these transactions, high officials with conflicts of interest prefer to leave anticorruption enforcement mechanisms unreformed and reserve the right to intervene in the judicial process, with dire consequences for the rule of law. Cristina Nicolescu-Waggonner demonstrates that when corrupt politicians are in power - true of nearly all new democracies?they will protect their office and fail to implement rule of law reforms. Consequently, these polities never reach a point where democracy could and would cure corruption. This dysfunction is tested in one hundred cases over sixteen years with significant results. In the case of the Czech Republic, for example, which is regarded as a consolidated democracy, there is systematic corruption, misappropriation of state funds, an unreformed judiciary, and arbitrary application of law. The only solution is a powerful, independent, well-funded anticorruption agency. Romania, one of the most corrupt countries in Europe, established, at the European Union?s request, powerful anticorruption bodies and punished corrupt leaders, which created the predictability of enforcement. It is the certainty of punishment that curtails corruption and establishes true rule of law.

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