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Non-Rayleigh scattering by a randomly oriented elongated scatterer

Author: Saurav Bhatia; Joint Program in Applied Ocean Science and Engineering.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Publisher: ©2012.
Dissertation: Thesis (S.M.)--Joint Program in Applied Ocean Science and Engineering (Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science; and the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution), 2012.
Edition/Format:   Thesis/dissertation : Thesis/dissertation : Manuscript   Archival Material : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
The echo statistics of a randomly rough, randomly oriented prolate spheroid that is randomly located in a beampattern are investigated from physics-based principles both analytically and by Monte Carlo methods. This is a direct-path geometry in which reflections from neighboring boundaries are not a factor. The center of the prolate spheroid is assumed to be confined to the plane containing the MRA (maximum response  Read more...
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Details

Material Type: Thesis/dissertation, Manuscript, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Archival Material, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Saurav Bhatia; Joint Program in Applied Ocean Science and Engineering.; Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.; Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
OCLC Number: 834074367
Notes: Cataloged from PDF version of thesis.
Description: 67 p. : ill. ; 29 cm.
Responsibility: by Saurav Bhatia.

Abstract:

The echo statistics of a randomly rough, randomly oriented prolate spheroid that is randomly located in a beampattern are investigated from physics-based principles both analytically and by Monte Carlo methods. This is a direct-path geometry in which reflections from neighboring boundaries are not a factor. The center of the prolate spheroid is assumed to be confined to the plane containing the MRA (maximum response axis). Additionally, the rotation of the prolate spheroid is assumed to always be in this plane. The statistics and, in particular, the tails of the probability density function (PDF) and probability of false alarm (PFA) are shown to be strongly non-Rayleigh and a strong function of shape of scatterer. The tails are shown to increase above that associated with a Rayleigh distribution with increasing degree of elongation (aspect ratio) of the scatterer and when roughness effects are introduced. And, as also shown in previous studies, the effects associated with the scatterer being randomly located in the beam contribute to the non-Rayleigh nature of the echo. The analytically obtained results are compared to Monte Carlo simulations for verification.

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