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North-South benefit sharing arrangements in bioprospecting and genetic research: a critical ethical and legal analysis.
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North-South benefit sharing arrangements in bioprospecting and genetic research: a critical ethical and legal analysis.

著者: U Schüklenk 附属: Centre for Ethics in Public Policy and Corporate Governance, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.; A Kleinsmidt
版本/格式: 文章 文章 : 英语
刊登在:Developing world bioethics, 2006 Dec; 6(3): 122-34
数据库:取自MEDLINE®/PubMed®,这是美国医学图书馆的一个数据库。
其它数据库: ECO
提要:
Most pharmaceutical research carried out today is focused on the treatment and management of the lifestyle diseases of the developed world. Diseases that affect mainly poor people are neglected in research advancements in treatment because they cannot generate large financial returns on research and development costs. Benefit sharing arrangements for the use of indigenous resources and genetic research could only  再读一些...
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文件类型: 文章
所有的著者/提供者: U Schüklenk 附属: Centre for Ethics in Public Policy and Corporate Governance, Glasgow Caledonian University, Glasgow, UK.; A Kleinsmidt
ISSN:1471-8731
语言注释: English
专有的标识符 110505688
注意: 46 refs.
KIE Bib: genetic research
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摘要:

Most pharmaceutical research carried out today is focused on the treatment and management of the lifestyle diseases of the developed world. Diseases that affect mainly poor people are neglected in research advancements in treatment because they cannot generate large financial returns on research and development costs. Benefit sharing arrangements for the use of indigenous resources and genetic research could only marginally address this gap in research and development in diseases that affect the poor. Benefit sharing as a strategy is conceptually problematic, even if one, as we do, agrees that impoverished indigenous communities should not be exploited and that they should be assisted in improving their living conditions. The accepted concept of intellectual property protection envisages clearly defined originators and owners of knowledge, whereas the concept of community membership is fluid and indigenous knowledge is, by its very nature, open, with the originator(s) lost in the mists of time. The delineation of 'community' presents serious conceptual and practical difficulties as few communities form discrete, easily discernable groups, and most have problematic leadership structures. Benefit sharing is no substitute for governments' responsibility to uplift impoverished communities. Benefit sharing arrangements may be fraught with difficulties but considerations of respect and equity demand that prior informed consent and consultation around commercialisation of knowledge take place with the source community and their government.

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