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Novel Phytoplankton Blooms : Causes and Impacts of Recurrent Brown Tides and Other Unusual Blooms

Author: Elizabeth M Cosper; V M Bricelj; E J Carpenter
Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 1989.
Series: Coastal and Estuarine Studies, formerly Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies, 35.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
This volume presents an up-to-date account of the phytoplankton blooms which have recently occurred on a world-wide basis, particularly the new "brown tides" along the coasts of several northeastern American states. The individual chapters detail the known causes of these blooms as well as the impacts on important fisheries and other components of the ecosystem such as other plankton and eelgrass meadows.  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Elizabeth M Cosper; V M Bricelj; E J Carpenter
ISBN: 9783642752803 3642752802
OCLC Number: 851782499
Description: 1 online resource (xii, 799 pages 240 illustrations).
Contents: A. Characterization of the "Brown Tide" Microalga.- 1. Picoplankton Ultrastructure: A Decade of Preparation for the Brown Tide Alga, Aureococcus anophagefferens.- 2. Autotrophic Picoplankton in Narragansett Bay and Their Interaction With Microplankton.- 3. Immunochemical Approaches to the Identification of the Ultraplankton: Assets and Limitations.- 4. Photosynthetic Pigment Composition of the Brown Tide Alga: Unique Chlorophyll and Carotenoid Derivatives.- 5. Absorption and Fluorescent Characteristics of the Brown Tide Chrysophyte. Its Role on Light Reduction in Coastal Marine Environments.- 6. Lipid Composition and Nutritional Value of the Brown Tide Alga Aureococcus anophagefferens.- 7. Dimethylsulfide Production and Marine Phytoplankton: An Additional Impact of Unusual Blooms.- B. Occurrence and Distribution of the "Brown Tide".- 8. The Spatial and Temporal Distribution of "Brown Tide" in Eastern Long Island.- 9. Primary Productivity and Growth Dynamics of the "Brown Tide" in Long Island Embayments.- 10. The 1985 "Brown-Tide" and the Open Phytoplankton Niche in Narragansett Bay During Summer.- 11. Development and Distribution of a Brown-Water Algal Bloom in Barnegat Bay, New Jersey with Perspective on Resources and Other Red Tides in the Region.- 12. Immunofluorescent Detection of the Brown Tide Organism, Aureococcus anophagefferens.- C. Environmental Factors Influencing "Brown Tide" Blooms.- 13. Role of Environmental Variables, Specifically Organic Compounds and Micronutrients, in the Growth of the Chrysophyte Aureococcus anophagefferens.- 14. Brown Tide Bioassay: Growth of Aureococcus anophagefferens Hargraves et Sieburth in Various Known Toxicants.- 15. Trophic Interactions Between Nano- and Microzooplankton and the "Brown Tide".- 16. The Case for Meteorologically Driven Fluctuations in Residence Times of Long Island Waters Subject to Algal Blooms.- 17. Brown Tide Dynamics as a Catastrophe Model.- 18. An Examination of the Environmental Factors Important to Initiating and Sustaining "Brown Tide" Blooms.- D. Other Unusual Microalgal Blooms.- 19. The Null Case of the Paradox of the Plankton.- 20. Gulf Stream Transport of the Toxic Red Tide Dinoflagellate Ptychodiscus brevis from Florida to North Carolina.- 21. Zooplankton Feeding Ecology: Copepod Grazing During an Expatriate Red Tide.- 22. Historical Perspective of Phytoplankton Blooms on Long Island and the Green Tides of the 1950's.- 23. The Chrysochromulina polylepis Bloom in Scandinavian Waters During Spring 1988.- 24. From Anoxia to Fish Poisoning: The Last Ten Years of Phytoplankton Blooms in Swedish Marine Waters.- 25. An Extraordinary Red Tide and Fish Kill in Narragansett Bay.- 26. Primary Production and the Global Epidemic of Phytoplankton Blooms in the Sea: A Linkage?.- E. Impacts on Shellfish.- 27. Overview of Bay Scallop (Argopecten irradians) Landings.- 28. The Feeding Physiology and Growth of Bay Scallops and Mussels.- 29. Effects of the Brown Tide Alga on Growth, Feeding Physiology and Locomotory Behavior of Scallop Larvae (Argopecten irradians).- 30. Are Metabolites from the Brown Tide Alga, Aureococcus anophagefferens, Deleterious to Mussel Feeding Behavior?.- 31. Testing and Application of Biomonitoring Methods for Assessing Environmental Effects of Noxious Algal Blooms.- 32. Detrimental Biological Effects of Phytoplankton Blooms Deserve Increased Attention.- F. Impacts of Blooms on Finfish and Zooplankton.- 33. Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton and Ichthyoplankton in Great South Bay, New York During the Brown Tide Outbreaks of 1985 and 1986.- 34. Effect of the "Brown Tide" on Feeding, Size and Egg Laying Rate of Adult Female Acartia tonsa.- 35. Potential Change in the Distribution of Larval Fish Within Great South Bay, New York in Response to Recurrent Phytoplankton Blooms.- 36. Growth Rates of Bay Anchovy (Anchoa mitchilli) in Great South Bay Under Recurrent Brown Tide Conditions, Summers 1987 and 1988.- G. Impacts of Blooms on Eelgrass.- 37. Effect of "Brown Tide" Shading on Eelgrass (Zostera marina L.) Distributions.- 38. Simple Model of Eelgrass Growth and Water Quality: Another Catastrophe Theory?.- H. Environmental Management.- 39. Winter Burial of Transplanted Bay Scallops.- 40. The Fishery Manager's Perspective on Unusual Algae Blooms.- 41. Brown Tide Comprehensive Assessment and Management Program.- 42. Water Quality Monitoring and Modeling for the Peconic Bay BTCAMP.- I. Postscript.- 43. Epilogue to the 2nd Brown Tide Conference: Are Aureococcus and Other Nuisance Algal Blooms Selectively Enriched by the Runoff of Turf Chemicals?.- 44. The Possible Role of Lawn Fertilizers and Pesticide Use in the Occurrence of the Brown Tide.- J. Index.
Series Title: Coastal and Estuarine Studies, formerly Lecture Notes on Coastal and Estuarine Studies, 35.
Responsibility: edited by Elizabeth M. Cosper, V.M. Bricelj, E.J. Carpenter.

Abstract:

A massive phytoplankton bloom, locally termed "brown tide", suddenly appeared in Long Island marine bays in 1985, colored the water a dark brown, decimated eelgrass beds and caused catastrophic  Read more...

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