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Nutrition in the prevention and treatment of disease

Auteur: Ann M Coulston; Carol Boushey
Uitgever: Amsterdam ; Boston : Academic Press, ©2008.
Editie/Formaat:   Boek : Engels : 2nd edAlle edities en materiaalsoorten bekijken.
Database:WorldCat
Samenvatting:
This reference addresses basic principles and concepts that are central to the major clinical nutrition-related activities, such as nutritional assessment and monitoring, current theoretical base and knowledge of efficacious interventions, interactions between genetic and nutritional factors, and the use and interpretation of population-based or clinical epidemiological evidence.
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Genre/Vorm: Einführung
Genre: Internetbron
Soort document: Boek, Internetbron
Alle auteurs / medewerkers: Ann M Coulston; Carol Boushey
ISBN: 9780123741189 0123741181 2900123741188
OCLC-nummer: 175174372
Beschrijving: xxi, 890 p. [7] p. of plates : ill. ; 29 cm.
Inhoud: List of contributors --
Preface to the First Edition --
Preface to the Second Edition --
Section 1 : Research methodology --
A. Assessment methods for research and practice --
ch. 1. Dietary assessment methodology / Frances E. Thompson and Amy F. Subar --
1. Introduction --
2. Dietary assessment methods --
3. Dietary assessment in specific situations --
4. Dietary assessment in special populations --
5. Selected issues in dietary assessment methods --
References --
ch. 2. Assessment of dietary supplement use / Johanna Dwyer and Rebecca B. Costello --
1. Introduction --
2. Methods for assessing dietary supplement intake --
3. Dietary supplement composition databases for analysis of dietary supplement intake --
4. The dietary supplement label --
5. Authoritative information and resources about dietary supplements --
6. How to report problems with dietary supplement intake --
7. Conclusion --
References. ch. 3. Physical assessment of nutritional status / Edward Saltzman and Megan A. McCrory --
1. Introduction --
2. Components of clinical assessment --
3. Anthropometric assessment --
4. Body composition assessment --
5. Physical manifestations of malnutrition --
6. Functional assessment --
7. Multicomponent assessment tools --
8. Summary --
References --
ch. 4. Energy requirement methodology / Debra Coward-McKenzie and Rachel K. Johnson --
1. Introduction --
2. Components of energy expenditure --
3. Total energy expenditure --
4. Recommended energy intakes --
References --
B. Research and applied methods for observational and intervention studies --
ch. 5. Application of research paradigms to nutrition practice / Carol J. Boushey --
1. Introduction --
2. Broad research areas --
3. Evidence-based practice --
4. Translational research --
5. Summary --
References. ch. 6. Overview of nutritional epidemiology / Marian L. Neuhouser and Ruth E. Patterson --
1. Introduction --
2. Principles of exposure measurement in nutritional epidemiology --
3. Study designs used in nutritional epidemiology --
4. Interpretation of cause and effect in nutritional epidemiology --
5. Obstacles to finding associations of dietary intake and disease risk --
6. Future research directions --
References --
ch. 7. Analysis, presentation, and interpretation of dietary data / Debra Coward-McKenzie and Rachel K. Johnson --
1. Introduction --
2. Analysis of dietary data --
3. presentation of data --
4. Interpretation of data --
5. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 8. Current theoretical bases for nutrition intervention and their uses / Karen Glanz --
1. Introduction --
2. The importance of understanding influences on dietary behavior --
3. What is theory? --
4. Explanatory and change theories --
5. Unique features of dietary behavior to consider when using theory --
6. Important theories and their key constructs --
7. Findings regarding applications of theory to nutritional behavior --
8. Constructs and issues across theories --
9. Implications and opportunities --
References. ch. 9. Nutrition interventions : lessons from clinical trials / Linda G. Snetselaar --
1. Introduction --
2. Conceptual models of motivation --
3. Theories used in achieving dietary behavior change in clinical trials --
4. Summary --
References --
ch. 10. Tools and techniques to facilitate nutrition intervention / Linda M. Delahanty and Joan M. Heins --
1. Introduction --
2. The nutrition education and counseling process --
3. The teaching/learning process --
4. Nutrition education techniques --
5. Behavior change techniques --
6. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 11. Evaluation of nutrition interventions / Alan R. Kristal --
1. Introduction --
2. Overview : types of nutrition intervention program evaluations --
3. Outcomes or endpoints used to assess intervention effectiveness --
4. Design of nutrition intervention evaluations --
5. Measurement issues when assessing dietary change and other intervention outcomes --
6. Dietary assessment instruments and their applicability for intervention evaluation --
7. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 12. Biomarkers and their use in nutrition intervention / Johanna W. Lampe and Cheryl L. Rock --
1. Introduction --
2. Biomarkers of dietary intake or exposure --
3. Functional biomarkers --
4. Biomarkers of genetic susceptibility --
5. Criteria for selecting and using biomarkers --
6. Summary --
References. Section 2 : Nutrition for health maintenance, prevention, and disease-specific treatment --
A. Food and nutrient intake for health --
ch. 13. Nutrition guidelines to maintain health / Suzanne P. Murphy --
1. Introduction --
2. Guidelines for nutrient adequacy and safety --
3. Guidelines for healthy food choices --
4. Beyond food and nutrient guidelines : physical activity guidelines --
5. Summary --
References --
ch. 14. Nutrition, health policy, and the problem of proof / Robert P. Heaney and Sarah Taylor Roller --
1. Background consideration s--
2. The matter of proof --
3. Approaches --
4. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 15. Choline and neural development / Mihai D. Niculescu and Steven H. Zeisel --
1. Introduction --
2. Choline metabolism and biochemistry --
3. Choline in foods and dietary requirements --
4. Choline and neural development --
5. Long-lasting consequences of prenatal choline availability --
6. Implications for human brain development --
References. ch. 16. Antioxidants in health and disease / Harold E. Siefried and John A. Milner --
1. Introduction --
2. Antioxidants in disease etiology, treatment, and prevention --
3. Overall conclusion and discussion --
References --
ch. 17. Nutrients and food constituents in cognitive decline and neurodegenerative disease / James A. Joseph, Mark A. Smith, George Perry, and Barbara Shukitt-Hale --
1. Introduction --
2. Gender differences in dementia --
3. Oxidative stress in aging --
4. Inflammation --
5. Age-Alzheimer disease parallels --
6. Polyphenol supplementation and reductions of oxidative stress and inflammation --
7. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 18. Diet and supplements in the prevention and treatment of eye diseases / Julie A. Mares and Amy E. Millen --
1. Introduction --
2. Cataract --
3. Age-related macular degeneration --
4. Diabetic retinopathy --
5. Summary --
References. ch. 19. Nutrition requirements for athletes / Asker E. Jeukendrup --
1. Introduction --
2. Energy requirements for athletes --
3. Carbohydrate requirements for athletes --
4. Protein requirements for athletes --
5. Micronutrient requirements for athletes --
6. Fluid requirements for athletes --
7. Nutrition and training adaptations --
References --
ch. 20. Nutrition for children with special health care needs / Anne Bradford Harris, Marion Taylor Baer, Cristine M. Trahms, and Jennifer Webb --
1. Introduction --
2. The role of nutrition in preventing developmental problems --
3. The functional approach to nutrition assessment for children with special needs --
4. Evidence-based interventions for selected conditions --
5. Conclusion --
References --
B. Overweight and obesity --
ch. 21. Genetics of human obesity / Janis S. Fisler and Nancy A. Schonfeld-Warden --
1. Introduction --
2. Genetic epidemiology of human obesity --
3. Gene-environment interactions --
4. Gene-gene interactions --
5. The obesity gene map --
6. Single-gene obesity in humans --
7. Rare genetic syndromes with obesity as a prominent feature --
8. Evidence from linkage studies of obesity phenotypes --
9. Studies of candidate genes for obesity and related phenotypes --
10. Clinical implications of the discovery of obesity genes --
References. ch. 22. Obesity : overview of treatments and interventions / Helen M. Seagle, Holly R. Wyatt, and James O. Hill --
1. Introduction --
2. Assessment of overweight and obesity --
3. Lifestyle modification --
4. Pharmaceutical intervention --
5. Surgical treatment --
6. Special issues in the treatment of pediatric obesity --
7. Acute weight loss versus maintaining long-term weight loss --
8. The future of weight management --
References --
ch. 23. Obesity : the role of physical activity in adults / Marcia L. Stefanick --
1. Introduction --
2. Current physical activity recommendations for weight loss prevention of weight regain --
3. Relationship of physical activity to obesity in populations --
4. Energy expenditure and etiology of obesity --
5. Role of physical activity in treatment (weight loss) of overweight and obesity : evidence from randomized controlled trials --
6. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 24. Macronutrient intake and the control of body weight / David A. Levitsky --
1. Introduction --
2. Fat chance --
3. Establishing causal links --
4. Is it fat or energy density? --
5. Are carbohydrates the culprit responsible for overweight? --
6. Energy compensation for fat and sugar substitutes --
7. Protein paradox --
8. Summary and implications of the research on macronutrients and intake --
References. ch. 25. Behavioral risk factors for overweight and obesity : diet and physical activity / Nancy e. Sherwood, Mary Story, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, and Kate Bauer --
1. Introduction --
2. Physical activity--
3. Dietary factors --
4. Summary and public health recommendations --
5. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 26. Dietary approaches to exploit energy balance utilities for body weight control / Richard D. Mattes --
1. Introduction --
2. Does a small positive energy balance lead to substantive weight gain over time: --
v 3. Mechanisms for dietary approaches to moderate energy balance --
4. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 27. Properties of foods and beverages that influence energy intake and body weight / Jenny H. Ledikwe and Barbara J. Rolls --
1. Introduction --
2. Variety --
3. Energy density --
4. Portion size --
5. The complex eating environment --
References. C. Cardiovascular disease --
ch. 28. Genetic influences on blood lipids and cardiovascular disease risk / Jose M. Ordovas --
1. Introduction --
2. Exogenous lipoprotein pathway --
3. Endogenous lipoprotein metabolism --
4. Reverse cholesterol transport --
5. Conclusion --
ch. 29. The role of diet in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease / Michael Roussell, Jessica Grieger, and Penny M. Kris-Etherton --
1. Introduction --
2. Dietary fat --
3. Dietary carbohydrate --
4. Dietary protein --
5. Alcohol --
6. Dietary cholesterol --
7. Plant sterols/stanols --
8. Supplements --
9. Food-based guidance --
10. Summary/conclusion --
References --
ch. 30. Nutrition, lifestyle, and hypertension/ Pao-Hwa Lin, Bryan C. Batch, and Laura P. Svetkey --
1. Introduction --
2. Individual nutrients and blood pressure --
3. Other dietary and lifestyle modifications --
4. Current recommendations and implementation --
5. Summary --
References. D. Diabetes mellitus --
ch. 31. Obesity and the risk for diabetes / Rejeanne Gougeon --
1. Introduction --
2. Definitions and classifications of obesity and diabetes --
3. Why are the obese at risk? --
4. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 32. Nutrition management of diabetes mellitus / Ann M. Coulston --
1. Introduction --
2. Energy intake and body weight management --
3. Macronutrient intake --
4. Selected micronutrients --
5. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 33. Nutrition management for gestational diabetes / Maria Duarte-Gardea --
1. Introduction --
2. Screening and diagnosis --
3. Complications --
4. Nutrition management --
5. Clinical outcomes --
6. Pharmacological agents --
7. Physical activity --
8. Postpartum follow-up --
9. Prevention --
10. Conclusion --
References --
E. Cancer --
ch. 34. Interaction of nutrition and genes in carcinogenesis / Jo L. Freudenheim --
1. Introduction --
2. Background and definitions --
3. Mechanisms of diet-gene interactions --
4. Methodological issues --
5. Diet-gene interactions and cancer --
6. Future directions --
References. ch. 35. Nutrition and cancers of the breast, endometrium, and ovary / Cheryl L. Rock and Wendy Demark-Wahnefried --
1. Introduction --
2. Nutritional factors and breast cancer --
3. Endometrial cancer --
4. Ovarian cancer --
5. Summary and conclusion --
References --
ch. 36. Nutrition and prostate cancer / Laurence N. Kolonel and Song-Yi Park --
1. Introduction --
2. Descriptive epidemiology of prostate cancer --
3. Studies of diet in relation to prostate cancer --
4. Genetics and gene-environment interactions --
5. Dietary intervention trials --
6. Conclusion and implications for prevention and treatment --
References --
ch. 37. Nutrition and colon cancer / Maureen A. Murtaugh, Martha L. Slattery, and Bette J. Caan --
1. Introduction --
2. Model 1 : bile acids, dietary components --
3. Model 2 : cooked foods --
4. Model 3 : insulin resistance --
5. Model 4 : DNA methylation --
6. Model 5 : cell growth regulators --
7. Food intake relationships --
8. Prevention of colon cancer --
References. F. Gastrointestinal health and disease --
ch. 38. Intestinal microflora and diet in health / Merlin W. Ariefdjohan and Dennis A. Savaiano --
1. Introduction --
2. Distribution and diversity of the human intestinal microflora --
3. Bacterial colonization, succession, and metabolism --
4. Functions of the GI tract microflora --
5. Methodology for studying intestinal microflora --
6. Influence of diet on intestinal microflora --
7. Challenges in the field --
References --
ch. 39. Nutrition in inflammatory bowel disease and short bowel syndrome / Peter L. Beyer --
1. Introduction --
2. Inflammatory bowel disease --
3. Short bowel syndrome --
4. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 40. Nutrient considerations in lactose intolerance / Steve Hertzler, Dennis A. Savaiano, Karry A. Jackson, and Fabrizis L. Suarez --
1. Introduction --
2. Lactose in the diet --
3. Digestion of lactose --
4. Loss of lactase activity --
5. Diagnosis of lactose maldigestion --
6. Lactose maldigestion and intolerance symptoms --
7. Lactose digestion, calcium, and osteoporosis --
8. Dietary management for lactose maldigestion --
9. Gene therapy for lactose intolerance --
10. Summary --
References. ch. 41. Nutritional considerations in the management of celiac disease / Michelle Pietzak --
1. Introduction --
2. Symptoms of celiac disease --
3. Diagnosis of celiac disease --
4. Treatment of celiac disease with a gluten-free diet of celiac disease --
5. Management of the complications of celiac disease --
6. Summary --
References --
ch. 42. Nutrition and cystic fibrosis / HuiChuan J. Lai and Philip M. Farrell --
1. Overview of cystic fibrosis --
2. Malnutrition in cystic fibrosis --
3. Nutrition assessment --
4. Nutrition management --
5. Conclusion --
References --
G. Bone health and disease --
ch. 43. Current understanding of vitamin D metabolism, nutritional status, and role in disease prevention / Susan J. Whiting, Mona S. Calvo, and Charles B. Stephensen --
1. Introduction --
2. Metabolism of vitamin D --
3. Sources of vitamin D --
4. Vitamin D nutritional status assessment --
5. Dietary requirements --
6. Safety of vitamin D --
7. Conclusion --
References. ch. 44. Osteoporosis : the early years / Connie M. Weaver --
1. Introduction --
2. Acquiring peak bone mass and bone strength --
3. Skeletal fragility in children --
4. Nutrition and development of peak bone mass --
5. Conclusion --
References --
ch. 45. Osteoporosis / Robert Marcus --
1. Introduction --
2. The skeleton --
3. Adult bone maintenance --
4. Diagnosis of osteoporosis --
5. Osteoporosis prevention and treatment --
6. Conclusion --
References --
Appendix : Dietary reference intakes (DRIs) --
Index.
Verantwoordelijkheid: edited by Ann M. Coulston, Carol J. Boushey.
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Helps readers learn how to integrate basic principles and concepts across disciplines and areas of research and practice as well as how to apply this knowledge in new creative ways. This title offers  Meer lezen...

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PRAISE FOR THE FIRST EDITION: "With Nutrition in the Prevention and Treatment of Disease, instructors have access to one comprehensive text to demonstrate the nutrition link to disease. ...it is a Meer lezen...

 
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