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Of civil government : second treatise

Author: John Locke
Publisher: Chicago : H. Regnery Co., 1955.
Series: Gateway edition.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : A Gateway edView all editions and formats
Summary:
John Locke's theory of natural law and social contract has exerted great influence in England, France, and the United States. Here, in his most influential political work, Locke begins describing a "state of nature," where there is no government. He argues that in this condition, human beings have rights and duties under natural law, including the right to own property. However, he argues that without any authority  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Locke, John, 1632-1704.
Of civil government, second essay.
Chicago, Gateway Editions, distributed by H. Regnery Co. [1955]
(OCoLC)741481887
Named Person: Robert Filmer
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: John Locke
OCLC Number: 16729223
Notes: Originally published as the second of two essays in the author's Two treatises on civil government.
Description: xiii, 205 pages ; 21 cm.
Contents: 1. The introduction ---
2. Of the state of nature ---
3. Of the state of war ---
4. Of slavery ---
5. Of property ---
6. Of paternal power ---
7. On political or civil society ---
8. Of the beginning of political societies ---
9. Of the ends of political society and government ---
10. Of the forms of a commonwealth ---
11. Of the extent of the legislative power ---
12. Of the legislative, executive, and federative power of the commonwealth ---
13. Of the subordination of the powers of the commonwealth ---
14. Of prerogative ---
15. Of paternal, political and despotical power considered together ---
16. Of conquest ---
17. Of usurpation ---
18. Of tyranny ---
19. Of the dissolution of government.
Series Title: Gateway edition.
Responsibility: John Locke ; introduction by Russell Kirk.

Abstract:

John Locke's theory of natural law and social contract has exerted great influence in England, France, and the United States. Here, in his most influential political work, Locke begins describing a "state of nature," where there is no government. He argues that in this condition, human beings have rights and duties under natural law, including the right to own property. However, he argues that without any authority to arbitrate disputes, punish wrongs, or enforce obligations, the state of nature "is full of continual dangers." People therefore form a social contract to establish government, for the purpose of protecting their property. Locke thus consistently maintains that a government is based on the consent of the governed. The results of this include the principles that fundamental rights predate government and that a government which fails to respect those natural rights loses legitimacy.

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