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Oils and fats in the food industry

Author: F D Gunstone; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
Publisher: Oxford ; Ames, Iowa : Wiley-Blackwell Pub., 2008.
Series: Food industry briefing series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:

Oils and fats are almost ubiquitous in food processing - whether naturally occurring in foods or added as ingredients for functional benefits and, despite the impression given by several sources to  Read more...

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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Gunstone, F.D.
Oils and fats in the food industry.
Oxford ; Ames, Iowa : Wiley-Blackwell Pub., 2008
(DLC) 2008006198
(OCoLC)192045744
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: F D Gunstone; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
ISBN: 9781444302424 1444302426 9781444302431 1444302434
OCLC Number: 352829610
Description: 1 online resource (xiii, 146 pages) : illustrations.
Contents: Chapter 1. The Chemical Nature of Lipids. 1.1 Fatty acids. 1.2 Triacylglycerols. 1.3 Ester waxes. 1.4 Phospholipids. 1.5 Sterols and sterol esters. 1.6 Tocols. 1.7 Hydrocarbons. Chapter 2. The Major Sources of Oils and Fats. 2.1 Introduction. 2.2 Animal fats (butter, lard, tallow, chicken fat, and fish oils). 2.3 Cocoa butter and cocoa butter alternatives. 2.4 Lauric oils (coconut, palm kernel). 2.5 Olive oil. 2.6 Palm oil. 2.7 Rapeseed (canola) oil. 2.8 Soybean oil. 2.9 Sunfl ower seed oil. 2.10 Other vegetable oils. 2.11 Single cell oils. Chapter 3. Extraction, Refining, and Modification Processes. 3.1 Extraction. 3.2 Refining. 3.3 Modification processes. 3.4 Blending. 3.5 Fractionation including winterisation and dewaxing. 3.6 Hydrogenation. 3.7 Interesterification using a chemical catalyst. 3.8 Interesterification using an enzymatic catalyst. 3.9 Domestication of wild crops. 3.10 Oilseeds modified by conventional seed breeding or by genetic engineering. 3.11 Animal fats modified through nutritional changes. Chapter 4. Analytical Parameters. 4.1 Introduction. 4.2 Oil content. 4.3 Unsaturation - iodine value. 4.4 Saponification - free acids, sap value. 4.5 Melting behaviour, solid fat content, low temperature properties. 4.6 Oxidation - peroxide value, anisidine value, stability, shelf life, stability trials, taste panels. 4.7 Gas chromatography. 4.8 Near-infrared and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. 4.9 1H NMR spectroscopy. 4.10 13C NMR and 31P NMR spectroscopy. 4.11 Mass spectrometry. Chapter 5. Physical Properties. 5.1 Polymorphism, crystal structure, and melting point. 5.2 Alkanoic and alkenoic acids. 5.3 Glycerol esters. 5.4 Ultraviolet spectroscopy. 5.5 IR and Raman spectroscopy. 5.6 Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. 5.7 Mass spectrometry. 5.8 Density. 5.9 Viscosity. 5.10 Refractive index. 5.11 Solubility of gases in oils. 5.12 Other physical properties. Chapter 6. Chemical Properties. 6.1 Hydrogenation. 6.2 Atmospheric oxidation. 6.3 Thermal changes. 6.4 Reactions of the carboxyl/ester function. Chapter 7. Nutritional Properties. 7.1 Introduction. 7.2 EFA and fatty acid metabolism. 7.3 De novo synthesis of saturated acids. 7.4 Desaturation and elongation in plant systems. 7.5 Desaturation and elongation in animal systems. 7.6 Antioxidants. 7.7 Cholesterol and phytosterols. 7.8 Conjugated linoleic acid. 7.9 Diacyglycerols. 7.10 Recommended intake of fats and of fatty acids. 7.11 Role of fats in health and disease. 7.12 Obesity. 7.13 Coronary heart disease. 7.14 Diabetes. 7.15 Inflammatory diseases. 7.16 Psychiatric disorders. 7.17 Cancer. Chapter 8. Major Edible Uses of Oils and Fats. 8.1 Introduction. 8.2 Spreads - butter and ghee. 8.3 Spreads - margarine, vanaspati, and flavoured spreads. 8.4 Baking fats and shortenings. 8.5 Frying oils and fats. 8.6 Salad oils, mayonnaise and salad cream, French dressing. 8.7 Chocolate and confectionery fats. 8.8 Ice cream. 8.9 Incorporation of vegetable fats into dairy products. 8.10 Edible coatings. 8.11 Emulsifying agents. 8.12 Functional foods. 8.13 Appetite suppressants. References and Further Reading. Useful Websites. Index.
Series Title: Food industry briefing series.
Responsibility: Frank D. Gunstone.
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"This volume provides a concise and easy-to-use reference on the nature of oils and fats for those working in the food industry and for those in the media seeking to advise the public ... .The Read more...

 
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