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Optics in the age of Euler : conceptions of the nature of light, 1700-1795

저자: Casper Hakfoort
출판사: Cambridge ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1995.
판/형식:   Print book : 영어모든 판과 형식 보기
데이터베이스:WorldCat
요약:
According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents,  더 읽기…
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장르/형태: History
명시된 사람: Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler
자료 유형: 인터넷 자료
문서 형식: 책, 인터넷 자원
모든 저자 / 참여자: Casper Hakfoort
ISBN: 0521404711 9780521404716
OCLC 번호: 30914764
언어 메모: Translated from the Dutch.
설명: vi, 243 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
내용: 1. Introduction. 1. Condensation and presentism in the historiography of optics. 2. Terminology and outline of this book --
2. The debate on colours, 1672-1720. 1. Newton's theory of colours. 2. Reception of Newton's theory of colours --
3. Theoretical traditions in physical optics, 1700-45. 1. Development of the emission tradition. 2. Development of the medium tradition. 3. The relationship of the optical traditions --
4. Euler's 'Nova theoria' (1746). 1. Euler's place in the medium tradition. 2. Arguments for and against. 3. The content of the theory. 4. The influence and significance of the 'Nova theoria' --
5. The debate in Germany on the nature of light, 1740-95 --
1. Introduction. 2. Early reactions to Euler's argumentation. 3. Physical phenomena. 4. Colour and phosphorescence. 5. The chemical effects of light. 6. Chemistry turns the scales --
6. Epilogue: Optics as a minor of eighteenth-century science. 1. Kuhn's outline: Mathematical and experimental traditions. 2. An addition to the scheme: The natural philosophical tradition. 3. The three-fold division and eighteenth-century optics. 4. On early modern science.
다른 제목 Optica in de eeuw van Euler.
책임: Casper Hakfoort.
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초록:

According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents, and reception of Leonhard Euler's wave theory of light published in 1746, here studied in depth for the first time. Contrary to what has been assumed, in an important sense, the particle-wave debate only starts with Euler. In addition, Euler's wave theory was the most popular theory in Germany for thirty-five years. Finally, when the emission view of light suddenly became dominant in Germany around 1795, new chemical experiments were crucial. Reflecting on the mathematical, experimental, and metaphysical aspects of physical optics, Casper Hakfoort provides as an epilogue a general picture of early modern science.

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