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Optics in the age of Euler : conceptions of the nature of light, 1700-1795

著者: Casper Hakfoort
出版商: Cambridge ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1995.
版本/格式:   Print book : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:
According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents,  再读一些...
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详细书目

类型/形式: History
提及的人: Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler
材料类型: 互联网资源
文件类型: 书, 互联网资源
所有的著者/提供者: Casper Hakfoort
ISBN: 0521404711 9780521404716
OCLC号码: 30914764
语言注释: Translated from the Dutch.
描述: vi, 243 pages : illustrations ; 24 cm
内容: 1. Introduction. 1. Condensation and presentism in the historiography of optics. 2. Terminology and outline of this book --
2. The debate on colours, 1672-1720. 1. Newton's theory of colours. 2. Reception of Newton's theory of colours --
3. Theoretical traditions in physical optics, 1700-45. 1. Development of the emission tradition. 2. Development of the medium tradition. 3. The relationship of the optical traditions --
4. Euler's 'Nova theoria' (1746). 1. Euler's place in the medium tradition. 2. Arguments for and against. 3. The content of the theory. 4. The influence and significance of the 'Nova theoria' --
5. The debate in Germany on the nature of light, 1740-95 --
1. Introduction. 2. Early reactions to Euler's argumentation. 3. Physical phenomena. 4. Colour and phosphorescence. 5. The chemical effects of light. 6. Chemistry turns the scales --
6. Epilogue: Optics as a minor of eighteenth-century science. 1. Kuhn's outline: Mathematical and experimental traditions. 2. An addition to the scheme: The natural philosophical tradition. 3. The three-fold division and eighteenth-century optics. 4. On early modern science.
其他题名: Optica in de eeuw van Euler.
责任: Casper Hakfoort.
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摘要:

According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents, and reception of Leonhard Euler's wave theory of light published in 1746, here studied in depth for the first time. Contrary to what has been assumed, in an important sense, the particle-wave debate only starts with Euler. In addition, Euler's wave theory was the most popular theory in Germany for thirty-five years. Finally, when the emission view of light suddenly became dominant in Germany around 1795, new chemical experiments were crucial. Reflecting on the mathematical, experimental, and metaphysical aspects of physical optics, Casper Hakfoort provides as an epilogue a general picture of early modern science.

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