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Optics in the age of Euler : conceptions of the nature of light, 1700-1795

著者: Casper Hakfoort
出版商: Cambridge ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1995.
版本/格式:   图书 : 英语查看所有的版本和格式
数据库:WorldCat
提要:
According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents,  再读一些...
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提及的人: Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler
材料类型: 互联网资源
文件类型: 书, 互联网资源
所有的著者/提供者: Casper Hakfoort
ISBN: 0521404711 9780521404716
OCLC号码: 30914764
语言注释: Translated from the Dutch.
描述: vi, 243 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
其他题名: Optica in de eeuw van Euler.
责任: Casper Hakfoort.
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摘要:

According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents, and reception of Leonhard Euler's wave theory of light published in 1746, here studied in depth for the first time. Contrary to what has been assumed, in an important sense, the particle-wave debate only starts with Euler. In addition, Euler's wave theory was the most popular theory in Germany for thirty-five years. Finally, when the emission view of light suddenly became dominant in Germany around 1795, new chemical experiments were crucial. Reflecting on the mathematical, experimental, and metaphysical aspects of physical optics, Casper Hakfoort provides as an epilogue a general picture of early modern science.

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