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Optics in the age of Euler : conceptions of the nature of light, 1700-1795

作者: Casper Hakfoort
出版商: Cambridge ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1995.
版本/格式:   圖書 : 英語所有版本和格式的總覽
資料庫:WorldCat
提要:
According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents,  再讀一些...
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類型/形式: History
提及的人: Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler; Leonhard Euler
資料類型: 網際網路資源
文件類型: 圖書, 網路資源
所有的作者/貢獻者: Casper Hakfoort
ISBN: 0521404711 9780521404716
OCLC系統控制編碼: 30914764
語言註釋: Translated from the Dutch.
描述: vi, 243 p. : ill. ; 24 cm.
其他題名: Optica in de eeuw van Euler.
責任: Casper Hakfoort.
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摘要:

According to received historiography, the fundamental issue in eighteenth-century optics was whether light could be understood as the emission of particles or as the motion of waves in a subtle medium. Moreover, the emission theory of light was supposed to have been dominant in the eighteenth century, backed by Newton's physical arguments. This picture is enriched and qualified by focussing on the origins, contents, and reception of Leonhard Euler's wave theory of light published in 1746, here studied in depth for the first time. Contrary to what has been assumed, in an important sense, the particle-wave debate only starts with Euler. In addition, Euler's wave theory was the most popular theory in Germany for thirty-five years. Finally, when the emission view of light suddenly became dominant in Germany around 1795, new chemical experiments were crucial. Reflecting on the mathematical, experimental, and metaphysical aspects of physical optics, Casper Hakfoort provides as an epilogue a general picture of early modern science.

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