|材料类型：||传记, 文献, 政府刊物, 有声书，等, 州政府或者省政府刊物, 互联网资源|
|文件类型：||互联网资源, 计算机文档, 音响资料|
Julian Bond; Elizabeth Gritter; Southern Oral History Program.; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Documenting the American South (Project); University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library.
|注意：||Title from menu page (viewed on Nov. 25, 2008).
Interview participants: Julian Bond, interviewee; Elizabeth Gritter, interviewer.
This electronic edition is part of the UNC-Chapel Hill digital library, Documenting the American South. It is a part of the collection Oral histories of the American South.
Text encoded by Jennifer Joyner. Sound recordings digitized by Aaron Smithers.
|其他题名：||Oral histories of the American South.
Interview R-0345, Southern Oral History Program Collection (#4007)
Interview with Julian Bond, November 1 and 22, 1999
As the son of Lincoln University president Horace Mann Bond, Julian Bond came into contact with black thinkers, musicians, and artists. The historically black Lincoln had served as a haven for black intelligentsia, but it also protected Bond from the pains of white racism. His parents sent him to a Quaker private school, where Bond learned pacifist principles. Upon graduating, Bond decided to attend Morehouse College in Atlanta, Georgia. There he became active in the civil rights movement while working on a local black newspaper. In his work with the newspaper, Bond witnessed whites' and black elites' opposition to the push for rapid racial change. The swelling protests among southern blacks, especially college students, piqued Bond's interest. His fervor led him to drop out of school, much to his parents' chagrin. Bond describes his involvement with the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and his connection with other activists, including Ella Baker, Martin Luther King, Jr., Bayard Rustin, John Lewis, Fannie Lou Hamer, Bob Moses, and Stokely Carmichael. The grassroots training experiences he gained working with local activists in Atlanta prepared him for voter registration organizing in rural southern counties. Bond explains the ideological tensions between SNCC and older civil rights activist groups. Many older activists, Bond argues, rejected younger blacks' radicalism as moving too fast, too soon. He discusses the growing internal divide that led to a black power camp and an integrationist camp within SNCC brought about by the inclusion of white Freedom Summer workers. Bond discusses his three successful bids for the Georgia House of Representatives and that body's refusal to seat him in 1966. In 1968, he formed a black challenge delegation to Georgia's all-white pro-segregation Democratic delegation at the Chicago convention. In the 1980s, Bond protested apartheid by boycotting stores that sold South African items.
- Bond, Julian, -- 1940- -- Interviews.
- African American civil rights workers -- Southern States -- Interviews.
- Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (U.S.)
- Civil rights movements -- Southern States.
- African Americans -- Civil rights -- Southern States.
- Student movements -- Georgia -- Atlanta.
- Southern States -- Race relations.