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Oral history interview with Lew Kowarski, 1969 March 20, October 19, 20, 21, 1970 May 3, 14, 1971 May 15 and November 20. Preview this item
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Oral history interview with Lew Kowarski, 1969 March 20, October 19, 20, 21, 1970 May 3, 14, 1971 May 15 and November 20.

Author: Lew Kowarski; Charles Weiner
Edition/Format:   Archival material : Microfilm : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Childhood in Russia, family and early schooling; Paris University, first publication, work on crystal growth in Jean Perrin's lab, doctoral thesis. History of Frédéric Joliot-Curie's work, his lab, character, and collaboration with Irene Curie and other scientists in context of pre-war scientific establishment in France; Kowarski's work as Joliot's secretary at the Institut Curie, reactions to Joliot's Nobel  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: Oral histories
Interviews
Sound recordings
Transcripts
Named Person: Pierre Auger; Niels Bohr; James Chadwick; John Cockcroft, Sir; Enrico Fermi; Jules Guéron; Bertrand Goldschmidt; Otto Hahn; Hans Halban; Frédéric Joliot-Curie; Irène Joliot-Curie; Lew Kowarski; Mark Oliphant; J Robert Oppenheimer; Jean Perrin; Leo Szilard; Pierre Auger; Niels Bohr; James Chadwick; John Cockcroft, Sir; Enrico Fermi; Bertrand Goldschmidt; Jules Guéron; Otto Hahn; Frédéric Joliot-Curie; Irène Joliot-Curie; Lew Kowarski; Mark Oliphant; J Robert Oppenheimer; Jean Perrin; Leo Szilard
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Archival Material, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Lew Kowarski; Charles Weiner
OCLC Number: 881395697
Notes: Interview conducted by Charles Weiner, 20 March, 19, 20, 21 October 1969, 3, 14 May 1970, 15 May 1971 and 20 November.
Reproduction Notes: Digital master copy from remastered 10" microfilm reels 2012. saved to preservation server, Loan copies may be made from digital copy. 10" microfilm reel duplicates. Bethesda, Md.; Cutting Corp., 1992. Original recording remastered onto 7 10" reels for sessions on 19, 20 and 21 October 1969.
Description: Transcript: 329 pages audio recording: 5 5 in. reels and 6 cassettes (25 hr.)

Abstract:

Childhood in Russia, family and early schooling; Paris University, first publication, work on crystal growth in Jean Perrin's lab, doctoral thesis. History of Frédéric Joliot-Curie's work, his lab, character, and collaboration with Irene Curie and other scientists in context of pre-war scientific establishment in France; Kowarski's work as Joliot's secretary at the Institut Curie, reactions to Joliot's Nobel Prize; work on magic numbers. Work on fission: Hans von Halban, Enrico Fermi, Otto Hahn, Leo Szilard, ca. 1939; effects of science in wartime France. Applications of fission chain reaction and patents; flight to England with Halban and heavy water supply. Kowarski's integration into English scientific community: James Chadwick, John Cockcroft, the Maud Committee, Marcus Oliphant; course of development of Halban's group in Canada; Kowarski's work between Great Britain and U.S. Return to Europe in 1946; political climate of postwar France, particularly the influence of communism. French Commission on Atomic Energy (CEA), its internal politics, science and scientists in postwar France: Joliot, Pierre Auger, Jean Perrin, Curie, Jules Guéron, Bertrand Goldschmidt. Growth of energy. Family life and marriages; visit to U.S., 1946; comparison of postwar science in U.S. and France. History of French reactors. Kowarski's impressions of French scientific unity and his role in it; introduction of computer technology into nuclear topics; European Nuclear Energy Agency (ENEA); Kowarski's involvement. Contemporaries: J. Robert Oppenheimer, Niels Bohr; developments in CERN and ENEA; reflections on attainment of goals and shortcomings of CERN; thoughts about being a scientist in an international community.

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Primary Entity

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