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|Document Type:||Archival Material|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Robert E Mumma; William Aspray
|Notes:||Recorded in Dayton, Ohio.|
|Description:||Sound cassettes : 2 (60 min. each) : analog, mono. Transcript : 42 p. Computer data (1 file : 65K)|
Mumma describes in guarded terms the work NCR did before the war for the National Defense Research Committee on a secret communication system and during the war on a high speed counter for measuring muzzle velocity of cannon shells. He recounts how war-time work on cryptanalytic equipment took all the company's effort, and how this shaped company policy resisting government contract work after the war. The second half of the interview describes NCR's move into commercial electronic computing from the 1940s through the early 1960s, with such products as cash registers with punched tape, accounting machines with electronic multiplier, high-speed printers, bar code readers, point-of-sale terminals, and magnetic ink character recognition equipment. Mumma explains how NCR considered purchasing Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation prior to its acquisition of Computer Research Corporation (NCR-CRC), as a way of entering the computer business. The division of labor between NCR-Dayton and the NCR-CRC division are considered, as are the difficulties of promoting, developing, and marketing electronic technology in the mechanically-oriented environment of NCR headquarters in Dayton, Ohio.
- Computer Research Corporation.
- Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation (Philadelphia, Pa.)
- Harvard University. -- Computation Laboratory.
- Massachusetts Institute of Technology. -- Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science.
- United States. -- Office of Scientific Research and Development. -- National Defense Research Committee.
- NCR Corporation.
- National Cash Register Company.
- Banks and banking -- Automation.
- Computer industry -- United States -- History.
- Office equipment and supplies industry -- History.
- Optical character recognition devices.