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Oral history interview with Vicente Ximenes, 2004

Author: Vicente Ximenes; José Angel Gutiérrez; University of Texas at Arlington. Center for Mexican American Studies.
Edition/Format:   Archival material   Book : English
Publication:Center for Mexican American Studies Oral Histories, CMAS no. 171
Summary:
Vicente Ximenes begins with his father's role in Floresville and South Texas politics in the 1930s and his work in the Civilian Conservation Corps. He shares being a part of a Mexican American student co-op in Austin to help with college expenses at the University of Texas and recalls the group's lively debates on race discrimination. He reveals details of his military service at Kirtland Air Force Base in New  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Interviews
Oral histories
Named Person: Hector P Garcia; Clinton Presba Anderson; Robert F Kennedy; Lyndon B Johnson; Sargent Shriver; Cantinflas; Ricardo Montalbán; Richard J Daley; Joseph Manuel Montoya; Edward Ross Roybal; John W Gardner; John W Macy; Gustavo Díaz Ordaz; Hubert H Humphrey; John Bowden Connally; Cesar Chavez; George Isidore Sánchez; Louis Martin; Henry B Gonzalez; Bill Richardson; Albert Peña; Ximenes family.; James Carlos McCormick; Clinton Presba Anderson; Cantinflas; Cesar Chavez; John Bowden Connally; Richard J Daley; Gustavo Díaz Ordaz; Hector P Garcia; John W Gardner; Henry B Gonzalez; Hubert H Humphrey; Lyndon B Johnson; Robert F Kennedy; John W Macy; Louis Martin; Ricardo Montalbán; Joseph Manuel Montoya; Albert A Peña, Jr.; Bill Richardson; Edward Ross Roybal; George Isidore Sánchez; Sargent Shriver
Material Type: Internet resource, Videorecording
Document Type: Archival Material, Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Vicente Ximenes; José Angel Gutiérrez; University of Texas at Arlington. Center for Mexican American Studies.
OCLC Number: 464618750
Language Note: The interview was conducted primarily in English but portions are in Spanish, for which English translations are provided.
Notes: Interviewed by José Angel Gutiérrez on June 25, 2004, in Albuquerque, New Mexico.
Description: 2 videocassettes (VHS) : color ; 1/2 in. Transcript : 93 pages ; 28 cm
Other Titles: Tejano Voices
Center for Mexican American Studies Oral Histories
Mexican American Public Figures of Texas

Abstract:

Vicente Ximenes begins with his father's role in Floresville and South Texas politics in the 1930s and his work in the Civilian Conservation Corps. He shares being a part of a Mexican American student co-op in Austin to help with college expenses at the University of Texas and recalls the group's lively debates on race discrimination. He reveals details of his military service at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico and in the Mediterranean theater during World War II and gives details about his family and his affiliation with the University of New Mexico. He talks about his work with the American G.I. Forum and his friendship with Dr. Hector García in the 1950s and 1960s and points out the involvement of New Mexico Senator Joseph Montoya, California Senator Edward Roybal, and (James) Carlos McCormick in the Viva Kennedy Clubs. He mentions the presence of Robert F. Kennedy at the American G.I. Forum Convention in Chicago in 1960, and discusses the job he took with the Agency for International Development as a program officer in Quito, Ecuador. He highlights his work for President Lyndon B. Johnson as director of the Viva Johnson Clubs (funded by the Democratic National Committee) for the 1964 presidential election. He recounts his encounter with Chicago mayor Richard Daley's cronies during his effort to organize Viva Johnson Clubs across the U.S. and describes the frenzied efforts to distribute a campaign newspaper, 'El Nuevo Piñon, ' nationwide. He speaks of the political efforts of celebrities such as Ricardo Montalbán and of drafting Mexico's Cantinflas for a political rally. He alludes to Sargent Shriver's role in the War on Poverty after Johnson's reelection as an obstacle to further Mexican American involvement in national politics, apart from the creation of the Cabinet Committee on Opportunity for the Spanish-Speaking (a.k.a. Mexican American Affairs). He tells of his efforts to organize the White House Conference slated for El Paso, Texas to address Mexican American issues and spells out his reasons for resigning from his position under Sargent Shriver to take a post in Panama. He relates the circumstances that brought him back to Washington, D.C. as Commissioner of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and discloses his pivotal conversation with New Mexico Senator Clint Anderson. He explains the real power was not through his role as EEOC commissioner but rather his post as chairman of the Cabinet Committee, along with the help of committee member John Gardner, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Ximenes takes credit for the creation and initiation of Affirmative Action programs, and attributes the assistance of John Macy, head of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, for its success. He notes flying on Air Force One and provides logistical details of the White House Conferences planned for San Antonio, Albuquerque, and El Paso, the last of which included Mexico's president Gustavo Díaz Ordaz to orchestrate the cessioning of the Rio Grande's El Chamizal. He laments his failure to win over George Sánchez and Cesar Chávez and exposes the complexity of the politics involved. He covers the involvement and activities of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), the Mexican American Political Association (MAPA), the Political Association of Spanish-speaking Organizations (PASSO), and the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO) during the conference. He disputes the alleged walkout during the conference in El Paso and chronicles the conference events from the introduction of Texas governor John Connally to the reception of then vice president Humbert H. Humphrey. He cites bilingual education and immigration as sources of political contention between Mexican Americans and African Americans and talks about the role of Louis Martin, an African American journalist and colleague of Cuban origin, in the Viva Johnson Clubs. He gives his opinions on the Democratic Party, comments on Mexican American politicos Henry B. Gonzales, Albert Peña, and New Mexico governor Bill Richardson, and expresses his views on issues facing Mexican Americans.

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Primary Entity

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    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/149305872> ; # University of Texas at Arlington. Center for Mexican American Studies.
    schema:contributor <http://viaf.org/viaf/95502572> ; # José Angel Gutiérrez
    schema:creator <http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/ximenes_vicente_1919_2014> ; # Vicente Ximenes
    schema:datePublished "1996" ;
    schema:description "Vicente Ximenes begins with his father's role in Floresville and South Texas politics in the 1930s and his work in the Civilian Conservation Corps. He shares being a part of a Mexican American student co-op in Austin to help with college expenses at the University of Texas and recalls the group's lively debates on race discrimination. He reveals details of his military service at Kirtland Air Force Base in New Mexico and in the Mediterranean theater during World War II and gives details about his family and his affiliation with the University of New Mexico. He talks about his work with the American G.I. Forum and his friendship with Dr. Hector García in the 1950s and 1960s and points out the involvement of New Mexico Senator Joseph Montoya, California Senator Edward Roybal, and (James) Carlos McCormick in the Viva Kennedy Clubs. He mentions the presence of Robert F. Kennedy at the American G.I. Forum Convention in Chicago in 1960, and discusses the job he took with the Agency for International Development as a program officer in Quito, Ecuador. He highlights his work for President Lyndon B. Johnson as director of the Viva Johnson Clubs (funded by the Democratic National Committee) for the 1964 presidential election. He recounts his encounter with Chicago mayor Richard Daley's cronies during his effort to organize Viva Johnson Clubs across the U.S. and describes the frenzied efforts to distribute a campaign newspaper, 'El Nuevo Piñon, ' nationwide. He speaks of the political efforts of celebrities such as Ricardo Montalbán and of drafting Mexico's Cantinflas for a political rally. He alludes to Sargent Shriver's role in the War on Poverty after Johnson's reelection as an obstacle to further Mexican American involvement in national politics, apart from the creation of the Cabinet Committee on Opportunity for the Spanish-Speaking (a.k.a. Mexican American Affairs). He tells of his efforts to organize the White House Conference slated for El Paso, Texas to address Mexican American issues and spells out his reasons for resigning from his position under Sargent Shriver to take a post in Panama. He relates the circumstances that brought him back to Washington, D.C. as Commissioner of the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) and discloses his pivotal conversation with New Mexico Senator Clint Anderson. He explains the real power was not through his role as EEOC commissioner but rather his post as chairman of the Cabinet Committee, along with the help of committee member John Gardner, the Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare. Ximenes takes credit for the creation and initiation of Affirmative Action programs, and attributes the assistance of John Macy, head of the U.S. Civil Service Commission, for its success. He notes flying on Air Force One and provides logistical details of the White House Conferences planned for San Antonio, Albuquerque, and El Paso, the last of which included Mexico's president Gustavo Díaz Ordaz to orchestrate the cessioning of the Rio Grande's El Chamizal. He laments his failure to win over George Sánchez and Cesar Chávez and exposes the complexity of the politics involved. He covers the involvement and activities of the League of United Latin American Citizens (LULAC), the Mexican American Political Association (MAPA), the Political Association of Spanish-speaking Organizations (PASSO), and the Mexican American Youth Organization (MAYO) during the conference. He disputes the alleged walkout during the conference in El Paso and chronicles the conference events from the introduction of Texas governor John Connally to the reception of then vice president Humbert H. Humphrey. He cites bilingual education and immigration as sources of political contention between Mexican Americans and African Americans and talks about the role of Louis Martin, an African American journalist and colleague of Cuban origin, in the Viva Johnson Clubs. He gives his opinions on the Democratic Party, comments on Mexican American politicos Henry B. Gonzales, Albert Peña, and New Mexico governor Bill Richardson, and expresses his views on issues facing Mexican Americans."@en ;
    schema:exampleOfWork <http://worldcat.org/entity/work/id/348055214> ;
    schema:genre "Interviews"@en ;
    schema:genre "Oral histories"@en ;
    schema:inLanguage "en" ;
    schema:name "Oral history interview with Vicente Ximenes,"@en ;
    schema:productID "464618750" ;
    schema:url <http://libraries.uta.edu/tejanovoices/interview.asp?CMASNo=171> ;
    wdrs:describedby <http://www.worldcat.org/title/-/oclc/464618750> ;
    .


Related Entities

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/american_g_i_forum> # American G.I. Forum
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "American G.I. Forum" ;
    schema:name "American G.I. Forum." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/civilian_conservation_corps_u_s> # Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/democratic_national_committee_u_s> # Democratic National Committee (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Democratic National Committee (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/democratic_party_u_s> # Democratic Party (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Democratic Party (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/league_of_united_latin_american_citizens> # League of United Latin American Citizens
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "League of United Latin American Citizens" ;
    schema:name "League of United Latin American Citizens." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/mexican_american_political_association_calif> # Mexican American Political Association (Calif.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Mexican American Political Association (Calif.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/political_association_of_spanish_speaking_organizations> # Political Association of Spanish-speaking Organizations.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Political Association of Spanish-speaking Organizations." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/united_states_aid_mission_in_ecuador> # United States. AID Mission in Ecuador
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. AID Mission in Ecuador" ;
    schema:name "United States. AID Mission in Ecuador." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/united_states_army_air_forces> # United States. Army Air Forces
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Army Air Forces" ;
    schema:name "United States. Army Air Forces." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/united_states_cabinet_committee_on_opportunities_for_spanish_speaking_people> # United States. Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for Spanish-Speaking People
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for Spanish-Speaking People" ;
    schema:name "United States. Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for Spanish-Speaking People." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/united_states_civil_service_commission> # United States Civil Service Commission
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States Civil Service Commission" ;
    schema:name "United States Civil Service Commission." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/united_states_department_of_health_education_and_welfare> # United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare" ;
    schema:name "United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/united_states_equal_employment_opportunity_commission> # United States. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission" ;
    schema:name "United States. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/university_of_new_mexico> # University of New Mexico
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "University of New Mexico" ;
    schema:name "University of New Mexico." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/viva_johnson_clubs_u_s> # Viva Johnson Clubs (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Viva Johnson Clubs (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Organization/viva_kennedy_clubs_u_s> # Viva Kennedy Clubs (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Viva Kennedy Clubs (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/anderson_clinton_presba_1895_1975> # Clinton Presba Anderson
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1895" ;
    schema:deathDate "1975" ;
    schema:familyName "Anderson" ;
    schema:givenName "Clinton Presba" ;
    schema:name "Clinton Presba Anderson" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/cantinflas_1911_1993> # Cantinflas
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1911" ;
    schema:deathDate "1993" ;
    schema:givenName "Cantinflas" ;
    schema:name "Cantinflas" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/chavez_cesar_1927_1993> # Cesar Chavez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1927" ;
    schema:deathDate "1993" ;
    schema:familyName "Chavez" ;
    schema:givenName "Cesar" ;
    schema:name "Cesar Chavez" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/connally_john_bowden_1917_1993> # John Bowden Connally
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1917" ;
    schema:deathDate "1993" ;
    schema:familyName "Connally" ;
    schema:givenName "John Bowden" ;
    schema:name "John Bowden Connally" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/daley_richard_j_1902_1976> # Richard J. Daley
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1902" ;
    schema:deathDate "1976" ;
    schema:familyName "Daley" ;
    schema:givenName "Richard J." ;
    schema:name "Richard J. Daley" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/diaz_ordaz_gustavo_1911_1979> # Gustavo Díaz Ordaz
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1911" ;
    schema:deathDate "1979" ;
    schema:familyName "Díaz Ordaz" ;
    schema:familyName "Díaz Ordaz" ;
    schema:givenName "Gustavo" ;
    schema:name "Gustavo Díaz Ordaz" ;
    schema:name "Gustavo Díaz Ordaz" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/garcia_hector_p_1914_1996> # Hector P. Garcia
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1914" ;
    schema:deathDate "1996" ;
    schema:familyName "Garcia" ;
    schema:givenName "Hector P." ;
    schema:name "Hector P. Garcia" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/gardner_john_w_john_william_1912_2002> # John William Gardner
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1912" ;
    schema:deathDate "2002" ;
    schema:familyName "Gardner" ;
    schema:givenName "John William" ;
    schema:givenName "John W." ;
    schema:name "John William Gardner" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/gonzalez_henry_b_henry_barbosa_1916_2000> # Henry Barbosa Gonzalez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1916" ;
    schema:deathDate "2000" ;
    schema:familyName "Gonzalez" ;
    schema:givenName "Henry Barbosa" ;
    schema:givenName "Henry B." ;
    schema:name "Henry Barbosa Gonzalez" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/humphrey_hubert_h_hubert_horatio_1911_1978> # Hubert Horatio Humphrey
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1911" ;
    schema:deathDate "1978" ;
    schema:familyName "Humphrey" ;
    schema:givenName "Hubert Horatio" ;
    schema:givenName "Hubert H." ;
    schema:name "Hubert Horatio Humphrey" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/johnson_lyndon_b_lyndon_baines_1908_1973> # Lyndon Baines Johnson
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1908" ;
    schema:deathDate "1973" ;
    schema:familyName "Johnson" ;
    schema:givenName "Lyndon Baines" ;
    schema:givenName "Lyndon B." ;
    schema:name "Lyndon Baines Johnson" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/kennedy_robert_f_1925_1968> # Robert F. Kennedy
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1925" ;
    schema:deathDate "1968" ;
    schema:familyName "Kennedy" ;
    schema:givenName "Robert F." ;
    schema:name "Robert F. Kennedy" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/macy_john_w_1917_1986> # John W. Macy
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1917" ;
    schema:deathDate "1986" ;
    schema:familyName "Macy" ;
    schema:givenName "John W." ;
    schema:name "John W. Macy" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/martin_louis_1912_1997> # Louis Martin
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1912" ;
    schema:deathDate "1997" ;
    schema:familyName "Martin" ;
    schema:givenName "Louis" ;
    schema:name "Louis Martin" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/mccormick_james_carlos> # James Carlos McCormick
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "McCormick" ;
    schema:givenName "James Carlos" ;
    schema:name "James Carlos McCormick" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/montalban_ricardo> # Ricardo Montalbán
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Montalbán" ;
    schema:familyName "Montalbán" ;
    schema:givenName "Ricardo" ;
    schema:name "Ricardo Montalbán" ;
    schema:name "Ricardo Montalbán" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/montoya_joseph_manuel_1915_1978> # Joseph Manuel Montoya
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1915" ;
    schema:deathDate "1978" ;
    schema:familyName "Montoya" ;
    schema:givenName "Joseph Manuel" ;
    schema:name "Joseph Manuel Montoya" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/pena_albert_a_jr_1917_2006> # Jr. Albert A. Peña
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1917" ;
    schema:deathDate "2006" ;
    schema:familyName "Peña" ;
    schema:familyName "Peña" ;
    schema:givenName "Albert A." ;
    schema:name "Jr. Albert A. Peña" ;
    schema:name "Jr. Albert A. Peña" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/richardson_bill_1947_november_15> # Bill Richardson
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1947 November 15" ;
    schema:familyName "Richardson" ;
    schema:givenName "Bill" ;
    schema:name "Bill Richardson" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/roybal_edward_ross_1916_2005> # Edward Ross Roybal
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1916" ;
    schema:deathDate "2005" ;
    schema:familyName "Roybal" ;
    schema:givenName "Edward Ross" ;
    schema:name "Edward Ross Roybal" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/sanchez_george_isidore_1906_1972> # George Isidore Sánchez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1906" ;
    schema:deathDate "1972" ;
    schema:familyName "Sánchez" ;
    schema:familyName "Sánchez" ;
    schema:givenName "George Isidore" ;
    schema:name "George Isidore Sánchez" ;
    schema:name "George Isidore Sánchez" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/shriver_sargent_1915_2011> # Sargent Shriver
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1915" ;
    schema:deathDate "2011" ;
    schema:familyName "Shriver" ;
    schema:givenName "Sargent" ;
    schema:name "Sargent Shriver" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/ximenes_family> # Ximenes family.
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:name "Ximenes family." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Person/ximenes_vicente_1919_2014> # Vicente Ximenes
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1919" ;
    schema:deathDate "2014," ;
    schema:familyName "Ximenes" ;
    schema:givenName "Vicente" ;
    schema:name "Vicente Ximenes" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/austin_tex> # Austin (Tex.)
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Austin (Tex.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/chicago_ill> # Chicago (Ill.)
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Chicago (Ill.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/el_chamizal_mexico_and_tex> # El Chamizal (Mexico and Tex.)
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "El Chamizal (Mexico and Tex.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/el_paso_tex> # El Paso (Tex.)
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "El Paso (Tex.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/floresville_tex> # Floresville (Tex.)
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Floresville (Tex.)" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/illinois_chicago> # Illinois--Chicago.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Illinois--Chicago." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/new_mexico> # New Mexico.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "New Mexico." ;
    schema:name "New Mexico" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/north_america_el_chamizal> # North America--El Chamizal.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "North America--El Chamizal." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/texas_austin> # Texas--Austin.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas--Austin." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/texas_el_paso> # Texas--El Paso.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas--El Paso." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/texas_floresville> # Texas--Floresville.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas--Floresville." ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/texas_south> # Texas, South.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas, South." ;
    schema:name "Texas, South" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Place/united_states> # United States.
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "United States." ;
    schema:name "United States" ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/affirmative_action_programs> # Affirmative action programs
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Affirmative action programs"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/african_american_civil_rights_workers> # African American civil rights workers
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "African American civil rights workers"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/african_american_journalists> # African American journalists
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "African American journalists"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/air_force_one_presidential_aircraft> # Air Force One (Presidential aircraft)
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Air Force One (Presidential aircraft)"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/campaign_literature> # Campaign literature
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Campaign literature"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/emigration_and_immigration_race_relations> # Emigration and immigration--Race relations
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:hasPart <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85042782> ;
    schema:name "Emigration and immigration--Race relations"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/hispanic_american_celebrities_politics_and_government> # Hispanic American celebrities--Politics and government
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:hasPart <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh2008002361> ;
    schema:name "Hispanic American celebrities--Politics and government"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/hispanic_american_veterans> # Hispanic American veterans
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Hispanic American veterans"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/international_economic_relations> # International economic relations
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "International economic relations"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/mexican_american_leadership> # Mexican American leadership
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American leadership"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/mexican_american_politicians> # Mexican American politicians
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American politicians"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/mexican_american_soldiers> # Mexican American soldiers
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American soldiers"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/mexican_american_students> # Mexican American students
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American students"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/mexican_americans> # Mexican Americans
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican Americans"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/mexican_americans_civil_rights> # Mexican Americans--Civil rights
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican Americans--Civil rights"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/minorities_employment> # Minorities--Employment
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Minorities--Employment"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/political_campaigns> # Political campaigns
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Political campaigns"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/political_conventions> # Political conventions
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Political conventions"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/politics_and_government> # Politics and government
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Politics and government"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/presidents_elections> # Presidents--Elections
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Presidents--Elections"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/race_discrimination> # Race discrimination
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Race discrimination"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/race_relations_political_aspects> # Race relations--Political aspects
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Race relations--Political aspects"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/social_conditions> # Social conditions
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Social conditions"@en ;
    .

<http://experiment.worldcat.org/entity/work/data/348055214#Topic/united_states_commissioners> # United States commissioners
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "United States commissioners"@en ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85084500> # Mexican Americans--Civil rights
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican Americans--Civil rights"@en ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85085803> # Minorities--Employment
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Minorities--Employment"@en ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh92003973> # Mexican Americans--Texas
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican Americans--Texas"@en ;
    .

<http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh96007487> # Race relations--Political aspects
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Race relations--Political aspects"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1018987> # Mexican American leadership
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American leadership"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1019011> # Mexican American soldiers
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American soldiers"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1019012> # Mexican American students
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American students"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1019072> # Mexican Americans
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican Americans"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1019081> # Mexican Americans--Civil rights
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:hasPart <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85084500> ; # Mexican Americans--Civil rights
    schema:name "Mexican Americans--Civil rights"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1023148> # Minorities--Employment
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:hasPart <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh85085803> ; # Minorities--Employment
    schema:name "Minorities--Employment"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1069212> # Political campaigns
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Political campaigns"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1069234> # Political conventions
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Political conventions"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1086465> # Race discrimination
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Race discrimination"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1086519> # Race relations--Political aspects
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:hasPart <http://id.loc.gov/authorities/subjects/sh96007487> ; # Race relations--Political aspects
    schema:name "Race relations--Political aspects"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1161503> # United States commissioners
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "United States commissioners"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1204048> # Illinois--Chicago
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Illinois--Chicago" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1204155> # United States
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "United States" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1204269> # New Mexico
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "New Mexico" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1204313> # Texas--Austin
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas--Austin" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1206678> # Texas--El Paso
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas--El Paso" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1207723> # Texas--Floresville
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas--Floresville" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1210336> # Texas
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1310142> # North America--El Chamizal
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "North America--El Chamizal" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1354073> # Presidents--Elections
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Presidents--Elections"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1692671> # Texas, South
    a schema:Place ;
    schema:name "Texas, South" ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1737636> # Mexican American politicians
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mexican American politicians"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1919741> # Politics and government
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Politics and government"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/1919811> # Social conditions
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Social conditions"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/798899> # Affirmative action programs
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Affirmative action programs"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/799093> # African American civil rights workers
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "African American civil rights workers"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/799210> # African American journalists
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "African American journalists"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/802207> # Air Force One (Presidential aircraft)
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Air Force One (Presidential aircraft)"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/844865> # Campaign literature
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Campaign literature"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/890222> # Demonstrations
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Demonstrations"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/957473> # Hispanic American veterans
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Hispanic American veterans"@en ;
    .

<http://id.worldcat.org/fast/976891> # International economic relations
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "International economic relations"@en ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/108710415> # John W. Macy
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1917" ;
    schema:deathDate "1986" ;
    schema:familyName "Macy" ;
    schema:givenName "John W." ;
    schema:name "John W. Macy" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/109531856> # John William Gardner
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1912" ;
    schema:deathDate "2002" ;
    schema:familyName "Gardner" ;
    schema:givenName "John William" ;
    schema:givenName "John W." ;
    schema:name "John William Gardner" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/121007188> # United States. President (1963-1969 : Johnson)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. President (1963-1969 : Johnson)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/124321554> # Democratic Party (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Democratic Party (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/128878809> # League of United Latin American Citizens.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "League of United Latin American Citizens." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/128994499> # Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Civilian Conservation Corps (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/130057336> # Mexican American Political Association (Calif.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Mexican American Political Association (Calif.)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/130200068> # Democratic National Committee (U.S.)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "Democratic National Committee (U.S.)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/131335921> # United States. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/134464758> # United States Civil Service Commission.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States Civil Service Commission." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/134812480> # United States. Army Air Forces.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Army Air Forces." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/13963523> # Joseph Manuel Montoya
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1915" ;
    schema:deathDate "1978" ;
    schema:familyName "Montoya" ;
    schema:givenName "Joseph Manuel" ;
    schema:name "Joseph Manuel Montoya" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/141288514> # United States. Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for Spanish-Speaking People.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Cabinet Committee on Opportunities for Spanish-Speaking People." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/142439892> # United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/143083246> # United States. AID Mission in Ecuador.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "United States. AID Mission in Ecuador." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/143159565> # American G.I. Forum.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "American G.I. Forum." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/143327682> # USAID/Panama.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "USAID/Panama." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/149305872> # University of Texas at Arlington. Center for Mexican American Studies.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "University of Texas at Arlington. Center for Mexican American Studies." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/14961296> # Cantinflas
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1911" ;
    schema:deathDate "1993" ;
    schema:givenName "Cantinflas" ;
    schema:name "Cantinflas" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/153711430> # University of New Mexico.
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "University of New Mexico." ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/18997127> # Hector P. Garcia
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1914" ;
    schema:deathDate "1996" ;
    schema:familyName "Garcia" ;
    schema:givenName "Hector P." ;
    schema:name "Hector P. Garcia" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/20927358> # George Isidore Sánchez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1906" ;
    schema:deathDate "1972" ;
    schema:familyName "Sánchez" ;
    schema:givenName "George Isidore" ;
    schema:name "George Isidore Sánchez" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/267556968> # MAYO (Organization)
    a schema:Organization ;
    schema:name "MAYO (Organization)" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/27881262> # Cesar Chavez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1927" ;
    schema:deathDate "1993" ;
    schema:familyName "Chavez" ;
    schema:givenName "Cesar" ;
    schema:name "Cesar Chavez" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/27881465> # Hubert Horatio Humphrey
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1911" ;
    schema:deathDate "1978" ;
    schema:familyName "Humphrey" ;
    schema:givenName "Hubert Horatio" ;
    schema:givenName "Hubert H." ;
    schema:name "Hubert Horatio Humphrey" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/34064252> # Bill Richardson
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1947 November 15" ;
    schema:familyName "Richardson" ;
    schema:givenName "Bill" ;
    schema:name "Bill Richardson" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/44562497> # Ricardo Montalbán
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Montalbán" ;
    schema:givenName "Ricardo" ;
    schema:name "Ricardo Montalbán" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/45731636> # Clinton Presba Anderson
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1895" ;
    schema:deathDate "1975" ;
    schema:familyName "Anderson" ;
    schema:givenName "Clinton Presba" ;
    schema:name "Clinton Presba Anderson" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/48022499> # Albert Peña
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Peña" ;
    schema:givenName "Albert" ;
    schema:name "Albert Peña" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/48180307> # Gustavo Díaz Ordaz
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1911" ;
    schema:deathDate "1979" ;
    schema:familyName "Díaz Ordaz" ;
    schema:givenName "Gustavo" ;
    schema:name "Gustavo Díaz Ordaz" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/54276769> # John Bowden Connally
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1917" ;
    schema:deathDate "1993" ;
    schema:familyName "Connally" ;
    schema:givenName "John Bowden" ;
    schema:name "John Bowden Connally" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/60687862> # Henry Barbosa Gonzalez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1916" ;
    schema:deathDate "2000" ;
    schema:familyName "Gonzalez" ;
    schema:givenName "Henry Barbosa" ;
    schema:givenName "Henry B." ;
    schema:name "Henry Barbosa Gonzalez" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/60729160> # Louis Martin
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1912" ;
    schema:deathDate "1997" ;
    schema:familyName "Martin" ;
    schema:givenName "Louis" ;
    schema:name "Louis Martin" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/62832439> # Edward Ross Roybal
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1916" ;
    schema:deathDate "2005" ;
    schema:familyName "Roybal" ;
    schema:givenName "Edward Ross" ;
    schema:name "Edward Ross Roybal" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/7408682> # Richard J. Daley
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1902" ;
    schema:deathDate "1976" ;
    schema:familyName "Daley" ;
    schema:givenName "Richard J." ;
    schema:name "Richard J. Daley" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/77394309> # Sargent Shriver
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1915" ;
    schema:deathDate "2011" ;
    schema:familyName "Shriver" ;
    schema:givenName "Sargent" ;
    schema:name "Sargent Shriver" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/92989169> # Lyndon Baines Johnson
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1908" ;
    schema:deathDate "1973" ;
    schema:familyName "Johnson" ;
    schema:givenName "Lyndon Baines" ;
    schema:givenName "Lyndon B." ;
    schema:name "Lyndon Baines Johnson" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/95502572> # José Angel Gutiérrez
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "José Angel Gutiérrez" ;
    schema:name "José Angel Gutiérrez" ;
    .

<http://viaf.org/viaf/9882357> # Robert F. Kennedy
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:birthDate "1925" ;
    schema:deathDate "1968" ;
    schema:familyName "Kennedy" ;
    schema:givenName "Robert F." ;
    schema:name "Robert F. Kennedy" ;
    .


Content-negotiable representations

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