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Oral history interview with Wolfgang Gentner, 1971 November 15.

Author: Wolfgang Gentner; Charles Weiner
Edition/Format:   Archival material : Microfilm : English
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Early education; studies biophysics at Universität Frankfurt and Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut (Friedrich Dessauer, Rievsky); physics training (Erwin Madelung, Meissner); Dessauer's political troubles. Fellowship to Institut Radium (Marie Curie), 1933; building geiger counters (Frédéric Joliot-Curie); life and staff at Institut (Irene Joliot-Curie, Jean Perrin, Hans von Halban, Peter Preiswerk, Lew Kowarski,
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Genre/Form: Oral history
Interview
Audiotapes
Transcript
Named Person: Konrad Adenauer; P M S Blackett, Baron Blackett; Niels Bohr; Max Born; Walther Wilhelm Georg Bothe; John Cockcroft, Sir; James Brown Fisk; George Gamow; Maurice Goldhaber; Frédéric Joliot-Curie; Irène Joliot-Curie; Lew Kowarski; Ernest Orlando Lawrence; Erwin Madelung; Lise Meitner; Jean Perrin; Edward Teller; Merle Antony Tuve
Document Type: Archival Material
All Authors / Contributors: Wolfgang Gentner; Charles Weiner
OCLC Number: 78514924
Notes: Interview conducted by Charles Weiner, 15 November 1971.
Reproduction Notes: 10" microfilm reel. Bethesda, MD: Cutting Corp., 1999. 5 reels. Original recording remastered onto 10" reels.
Description: 1 session, audiotape, 3 cassettes, 4.5 hr. Preliminary transcript.

Abstract:

Early education; studies biophysics at Universität Frankfurt and Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut (Friedrich Dessauer, Rievsky); physics training (Erwin Madelung, Meissner); Dessauer's political troubles. Fellowship to Institut Radium (Marie Curie), 1933; building geiger counters (Frédéric Joliot-Curie); life and staff at Institut (Irene Joliot-Curie, Jean Perrin, Hans von Halban, Peter Preiswerk, Lew Kowarski, Rosenblum); Institut's role in development of nuclear physics (P.M.S. Blackett, Giuseppe Occhialini); first nuclear physics conference in Zurich (Paul Scherrer), 1933; London Conference of 1934 (Max Born, Maurice Goldhaber); F. Joliot-Curie thinking about accelerators and about building a cyclotron (Pierre Weiss); Gentner continues gamma ray work (Lise Meitner). Gentner leaves Institut after Curie's death; fellowship at Institute for Medical Research, Kaiser-Wilhelm Institut, Heidelberg (Walther Bothe), 1935-1938; also lectures at Frankfurt on radioactivity, gamma rays, x-rays, and cosmic rays; builds the first Van der Graaf machine in Germany, 1936; first to use gamma rays to look for nuclear photo effect (Fowler, Lauritsen). Travels to United States to study cyclotrons (James Fisk), 1938; spends several months at University of California, Berkeley (E.O. Lawrence, Donald Cooksey); the fission story (Niels Bohr, J.R. Oppenheimer); calibrating ionization chamber and experimental work in fission; life and pre-war.

Politics at Berkeley and Stanford University (Felix Bloch); visits California Institute of Technology (Fowler, Lauritsen, Max Delbrück); travels to Washington, DC (George Gamow, Edward Teller, Fleming, Merle Tuve); and ends tour in New York City (John R. Dunning, Lawrence, Bohr). Returns to Europe; visits John Cockcroft at University of Cambridge. Returns with wife to Germany in April, 1938; plans for Siemens to build cyclotron in Heidelberg canceled. Sent to Paris to interview F. Joliot-Curie on whereabouts of heavy water, July 1940; private meeting afterwards; works in Paris with F. Joliot-Curie on cyclotron, 1940-1942; returns to Heidelberg to build own cyclotron, 1942-1944. Difficulties of re-establishing nuclear physics in Germany after World War II (Cockcroft, Konrad Adenauer); building up new laboratories; CERN, DESY.

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Linked Data


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