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Orang-outang, sive, Homo sylvestris, or, The anatomy of a pygmie compared with that of a monkey, an ape, and a man : to which is added, A philological essay concerning the pygmies, the cynocephali, the satyrs and sphinges of the ancients : wherein it will appear that they are all either apes or monkeys, and not men, as formerly pretended Preview this item
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Orang-outang, sive, Homo sylvestris, or, The anatomy of a pygmie compared with that of a monkey, an ape, and a man : to which is added, A philological essay concerning the pygmies, the cynocephali, the satyrs and sphinges of the ancients : wherein it will appear that they are all either apes or monkeys, and not men, as formerly pretended

Author: Edward Tyson; Michael van der Gucht
Publisher: London : Printed for Thomas Bennet ... and Daniel Brown ... and are to be had of Mr. Hunt ..., 1699.
Series: Early English books, 1641-1700, 299:12.
Edition/Format:   Book   Microform : Microfilm : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Edward Tyson's Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris; or, the Anatomy of a Pygmie Compared with that of a monkey, an Ape, and a Man (1699), which actually described the anatomy of a young chimpanzee, was the first work to demonstrate the structural relationships between man and the anthropoid ape. A believer in the "Great Chain of Being," Tyson identified the chimpanzee as the link directly below mankind, stating in
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Genre/Form: Early works
Booksellers' advertisements
Early works to 1800
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Edward Tyson; Michael van der Gucht
OCLC Number: 12494895
Notes: "A philological essay concerning pygmies" has special t.p. and separate pagination.
Plates signed: M. Vander Gucht.
First ed. Cf. BM. Later published as: The anatomy of a pygmy. London, 1751.
Part 1: plates (figures) 1-2 are missing in filmed copy. Pages 94-end of pt. 1 photographed from Huntington Library copy and inserted at end.
Reproduction of original in Library of Congress.
Reproduction Notes: Microfilm. Ann Arbor, Mich. : University Microfilms, 1968. 1 microfilm reel ; 35 mm. (Early English books, 1641-1700 ; 299:12).
Description: 2 parts ([10], 108, [1], 58 pages, [11] leaves of plates (some folded)) : illustrations
Series Title: Early English books, 1641-1700, 299:12.
Other Titles: Orang-outang
Homo sylvestris
Philological essay concerning pygmies
Anatomy of a pygmie compared with that of a monkey, an ape and a man
Responsibility: by Edward Tyson ...

Abstract:

Edward Tyson's Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris; or, the Anatomy of a Pygmie Compared with that of a monkey, an Ape, and a Man (1699), which actually described the anatomy of a young chimpanzee, was the first work to demonstrate the structural relationships between man and the anthropoid ape. A believer in the "Great Chain of Being," Tyson identified the chimpanzee as the link directly below mankind, stating in his "Epistle dedicatory" that it "seems the Nexus of the Animal and Rational." Tyson's anatomical study-- the first conducted of a great ape-- had a powerful influence on all subsequent thought on man's place in nature-- anatomical, philosophical and literary. The last section of Orang-Outang is devoted to "A philological essay concerning the pygmies of the ancients," an early and major contribution to the study of primate-oriented folklore.

The eight folding copperplate illustrations in this work were engraved by Michael Vander Gucht (1660-1725) after drawings by William Cowper (1666-1709). Undoubtedly recognizing the humorous aspect of the project, Cowper drew the illustrations with landscape backgrounds in the style of the Vesalian musclemen.--J. Norman, 2006.

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