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Orang-outang, sive homo sylvestris, or, The anatomy of a pygmie compared with that of a monkey, an ape, and a man : to which is added, a philological essay concerning the pygmies, the cynocephali, the satyrs, and sphinges of the ancients : wherein it will appear that they are all either apes or monkeys, and not men, as formerly pretended Preview this item
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Orang-outang, sive homo sylvestris, or, The anatomy of a pygmie compared with that of a monkey, an ape, and a man : to which is added, a philological essay concerning the pygmies, the cynocephali, the satyrs, and sphinges of the ancients : wherein it will appear that they are all either apes or monkeys, and not men, as formerly pretended

Author: Edward TysonMichael van der GuchtThomas BennetDaniel BrowneRichard HuntAll authors
Publisher: London : Printed for Thomas Bennet at the Half-Moon in St. Paul's Church-yard, and Daniel Brown at the Black Swan and Bible without Temple-Bar and are to be had of Mr. Hunt at the Repository in Gresham-Colledge, MDCXCIX [1699]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
Edward Tyson's Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris; or, the Anatomy of a Pygmie Compared with that of a monkey, an Ape, and a Man (1699), which actually described the anatomy of a young chimpanzee, was the first work to demonstrate the structural relationships between man and the anthropoid ape. A believer in the "Great Chain of Being," Tyson identified the chimpanzee as the link directly below mankind, stating in
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Genre/Form: Early works
Booksellers' advertisements
Bookplates (Provenance)
Ink stamps (Provenance)
Classical Works
Fulltext
Rare Materials, 1600s
Rare Materials, Top 100
Advertisements
Engravings
Illustrations
Internet Resources
Early works to 1800
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Edward Tyson; Michael van der Gucht; Thomas Bennet; Daniel Browne; Richard Hunt; Joseph Meredith Toner Collection (Library of Congress)
OCLC Number: 14240740
Language Note: Includes lengthy quotations in Latin and Greek.
Notes: "A philological essay concerning pygmies, the cynocephali, the satyrs, and sphinges of the ancients" has a separate title page, pagination, and register.
Imprimatur leaf, pi1v, reads: "17° Die Maij, 1699. Imprimatur ... John Hoskins V.P.R.S."
Engraved plates signed: M. Vander Gucht scul.
Signatures: pi⁴ A² B-O⁴ P², ²[A]² B-H⁴ I¹.
With a final advertisement leaf.
LC copy forms part of the Jefferson Exhibit Collection. Has inscription: Alex M'Naghton. Imperfect: 2 plates wanting; one plate cut, wanting lower portion. Advertisement at end reported by ESTC wanting.
Description: [12], 108, [2], 58, [2] p., [8] folded leaves of plates : ill. (engravings) ; 29 cm (4to)
Other Titles: Orang-outang, sive homo sylvestris
Anatomy of a pygmie compared with that of a monkey, an ape, and a man
Responsibility: by Edward Tyson M.D., Fellow of the Colledge of Physicians, and the Royal Society, physician to the hospital of Bethlem, and reader of anatomy at Chirurgeons-Hall.
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Abstract:

Edward Tyson's Orang-Outang, sive Homo Sylvestris; or, the Anatomy of a Pygmie Compared with that of a monkey, an Ape, and a Man (1699), which actually described the anatomy of a young chimpanzee, was the first work to demonstrate the structural relationships between man and the anthropoid ape. A believer in the "Great Chain of Being," Tyson identified the chimpanzee as the link directly below mankind, stating in his "Epistle dedicatory" that it "seems the Nexus of the Animal and Rational." Tyson's anatomical study-- the first conducted of a great ape-- had a powerful influence on all subsequent thought on man's place in nature-- anatomical, philosophical and literary. The last section of Orang-Outang is devoted to "A philological essay concerning the pygmies of the ancients," an early and major contribution to the study of primate-oriented folklore.

The eight folding copperplate illustrations in this work were engraved by Michael Vander Gucht (1660-1725) after drawings by William Cowper (1666-1709). Undoubtedly recognizing the humorous aspect of the project, Cowper drew the illustrations with landscape backgrounds in the style of the Vesalian musclemen.--J. Norman, 2006.

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