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Orderly anarchy : sociopolitical evolution in aboriginal California

Author: Robert L Bettinger
Publisher: Oakland, California : University of California Press, [2015] ©2015
Series: Origins of human behavior and culture, 8.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"A provocative and innovative reexamination of the trajectory of sociopolitical evolution among Native American groups in California, this book explains the region's prehistorically rich diversity of languages, populations, and environmental adaptations. Ethnographic and archaeological data and evolutionary, economic, and anthropological theory are often presented to explain the evolution of increasing social  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Robert L Bettinger
ISBN: 9780520283336 0520283333
OCLC Number: 885226101
Description: xii, 286 pages, 10 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: 1. Introduction. Defining California ; Jorgensen's western North American Indians sample ; Regional variation ; Orderly anarchy --
2. California in broad evolutionary perspective. The evolutionary fate of hunting and gathering ; The rise and fall of agriculture in western North America --
3. The evolution of intensive hunting and gathering in eastern California. Intensification studies in California ; Ideal free distribution ; Plant intensification in eastern California ; Introduction of bow and arrow technology ; Effects of the bow ; Hunter-gatherer group size, subsistence risk, and resource pooling ; The small group shift in Owens Valley ; Alternative routes to plant intensification --
4. The privatization of food. Pinyon intensification in eastern California ; Family band organization ; Murdock's theory of social organization ; The social organization of Great Basin family bands ; Why pinyon? ; The generalization and spread of privatization --
5. Plant intensification west of the Sierra Crest. Appearance of the bow and intensification ; Acorns as a resource ; Archaeology of acorn use and intensification ; Medieval climatic anomaly --
6. Patrilineal bands, sibs, and tribelets. The patrilineal band ; Privatization and the evolution of tribelets ; The archaeology of tribelet development ; The role of property --
7. Back to the band : bilateral tribelets and bands. Demise of the patrilineal tribelet ; Patrilineal to bilateral organization ; Ascent of the individual ; Emergence of anarchy and the Yurok-Karuk-Hupa household group ; Cooperation in the presence of anarchy ; Discussion --
8. Money. Background ; Why money in California? ; How California money might have evolved ; Money and inequality --
9. The evolution of orderly anarchy. Motivation crowding ; Mind-set in aboriginal California ; Aboriginal orderly anarchy in evolutionary perspective ; Quantifying organizational authority ; Quantifying individual autonomy ; The evolutionary landscape : results --
10. Conclusion. Money ; The importance of subsistence economy ; Orderly anarchy more generally ; Hierarchy versus orderly anarchy : alternative adaptive strategies ; Orderly anarchy now and in the future.
Series Title: Origins of human behavior and culture, 8.
Responsibility: Robert L. Bettinger.

Abstract:

Delivers a reexamination of sociopolitical evolution among Native American groups in California, a region known for its wealth of prehistoric languages, populations, and cultural adaptations. The  Read more...

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"Extraordinary and orginial ... A terrific book!" -- W. S. Simmons CHOICE "Well written, tightly reasoned, and intellectually stimulating." American Anthropologist

 
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