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The Organization of Action : a New Synthesis.

Author: C R Gallistel
Publisher: Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, 2013.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
A synthesis of classic and modern neurobehavioral literature dealing with the principles by which complex, purposive, and intelligent behavior is generated, this book features: * papers by C.S. Sherrington, E. von Holst, D.M. Wilson, G. Fraenkel, H. Mittelstaedt, and P. Weiss * clear descriptions of three types of elementary units of behavior -- the reflex, the oscillator, and the servomechanism * a review of the  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Gallistel, C.R.
Organization of Action : A New Synthesis.
Hoboken : Taylor and Francis, ©2013
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: C R Gallistel
ISBN: 9781134916306 1134916302
OCLC Number: 852758864
Notes: Getting Rid of the Homunculus.
Description: 1 online resource (449 pages)
Contents: THE ORGANIZATION OF ACTION:A NEW SYNTHESIS; Copyright; Contents; Preface; 1. Introduction and Overview: De Anima and Animals; Physical Realizability; The Intelligent Cockroach; Overview; 2. The Sherringtonian Reflex; The Integrative Action of the Nervous System; Introductory-Coordination of the Simple Reflex; The Simple Reflex; Coordination in the Simple Reflex; Sherrington's Experiments; Summation; Nonlinear Summation; Irreversibility of Direction of Conduction; Inhibition; Summary; 3. Sherrington's Combinatorial Principles; The Principle of the Common Path; Principles Governing Combination. Overuse of the Chaining PrincipleSummary; 4. Von Holst's Coupled Oscillators; Endogenous Rhythmicity; Amplitude, Period, and Phase; Superimposition; The Magnet Effect; On the Nature of Order in the Central Nervous System; Conclusions; Recent Work; Superimposition and Fourier Synthesis; 5. The Role of Coupled Oscillators in Locomotion; Complex Units of Behavior; Insect Walking; A Descriptive Model; Changes in Walking Pattern Due to Amputation; Mechanism of Coordination; Leg Reflexes and Evidence for Proprioceptive Control of Locomotion; Reflex Models for Walking Coordination. The Walking System: Recent Analysis6. Servomechanisms: The Control of Taxes in the Coastal Snail; Servomechanisms; On Geotaxis and Phototaxis in Littorina; The Geotaxis; Geotaxis and Phototaxis; The Resistance of Littorina; The Life of Littorina Neritoides in Nature; Summary; Potentiation and Depotentiation; 7. Reafference and Efference Copy; The Optokinetic Reaction; Exafference and Reafference; Efference Copy and Corollary Discharge; Expectation; The Reafference Principle; Introduction; An Introductory Example; More Detailed Formulation of the Problem. More General Formulation of the Reafference PrincipleApplication of the Reafference Principle to Different Neuromotor Systems; Conclusions; 8. The Hierarchical Structuring of Action; Coherent Combinations; Weiss's Approach; In Defense of Connectionism; Self-Differentiation of the Basic Patterns of Coordination; The Problem of Coordination; The Theories of Coordination; Summary; The Experimental Study of Coordination; An Analysis of Coordination in Amphibia; Myotypic Response as Assay Method; Unmodifiability of Locomotor Scores; Coordination in Mammals; Conclusions; Summary. Diagramming the Hierarchy9. Manifestations of Hierarchical Organization in Action; Review of Principles; Transection Studies; Brain Stimulation Studies; The Behavior of Hybrids; Wickens Revisited; Operant Conditioning; Development and Recovery; 10. Central Motive States; Selective Potentiation and the Drive Concept; The Origins of Central Motive States; Labile Versus Fixed Hierarchies; The Role of Learning; Summary; 11. Representation of the World and the Organization of Action; Knowledge and Action; Insightful Detour Behavior in the Rat; Cognitive Maps in the Digger Wasp.

Abstract:

A synthesis of classic and modern neurobehavioral literature dealing with the principles by which complex, purposive, and intelligent behavior is generated, this book features: * papers by C.S. Sherrington, E. von Holst, D.M. Wilson, G. Fraenkel, H. Mittelstaedt, and P. Weiss * clear descriptions of three types of elementary units of behavior -- the reflex, the oscillator, and the servomechanism * a review of the diverse manifestations of hierarchical structure in the neural mechanisms underlying coordinated action. This volume has proven to be of great valu.

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