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The Oxford handbook of engineering and technology in the classical world

Author: John Peter Oleson
Publisher: Oxford : Oxford University Press, ©2012.
Series: Oxford handbooks.
Edition/Format:   Print book : Document   Computer File : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Nearly every aspect of daily life in the Mediterranean world and Europe during the florescence of the Greek and Roman cultures is relevant to the topics of engineering and technology. This volume highlights both the accomplishments of the ancient societies and the remaining research problems, and stimulates further progress in the history of ancient technology. The subject matter of the book is the technological  Read more...
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Details

Genre/Form: History
Material Type: Document
Document Type: Book, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: John Peter Oleson
ISBN: 9780199940349 0199940347 9780199734856 0199734852
OCLC Number: 903594497
Description: 1 online resouce : illustrations.
Contents: Ancient written sources for engineering and technology --
Representations of technical processes --
Historiography and theoretical approaches --
Primary, extractive technologies --
Mining and metallurgy --
Quarrying and stoneworking --
Sources of energy and exploitation of power --
Greek and Roman agriculture --
Animal husbandry, hunting, and fishing and fish production --
Engineering and complex machines --
Greek rngineering and construction --
Roman rngineering and construction --
Hydraulic rngineering and water supply --
Tunnels and canals --
Machines in Greek and Roman technology --
Secondary processes and manufacturing --
Food processing and preparation --
Large-scale manufacturing, standardization, and trade --
Metalworking and tools --
Woodworking --
Textile production --
Tanning and leather --
Ceramic production --
Glass production --
Technologies of movement and transport --
Land transport, Part 1: Roads and bridges --
Land transport, Part 2: Riding, harnesses, and vehicles --
Sea transport, Part 1: Ships and navigation --
Sea transport, Part 2: Harbors --
Technologies of death --
Greek warfare and fortification --
Roman warfare and fortification --
Technologies of the mind --
Information technologies: Writing, book production, and the role of literacy --
Timekeeping --
Technologies of calculation : Part 1 : Weights and measures ; Part 2: Coinage ; Part 3: Practical mathematics --
Gadgets and scientific instruments --
Inventors, invention and attitudes toward innovation --
Ancient technologies in the modern world --
Expanding ethnoarchaeology: historical evidence and model-building in the study of technological change.
Series Title: Oxford handbooks.
Other Titles: Handbook of engineering and technology in the classical world
Engineering and technology in the classical world
Responsibility: edited by John Peter Oleson.

Abstract:

Nearly every aspect of daily life in the Mediterranean world and Europe during the florescence of the Greek and Roman cultures is relevant to the topics of engineering and technology. This volume highlights both the accomplishments of the ancient societies and the remaining research problems, and stimulates further progress in the history of ancient technology. The subject matter of the book is the technological framework of the Greek and Roman cultures from ca. 800 B.C. through ca. A.D. 500 in the circum-Mediterranean world and Northern Europe. Each chapter discusses a technology or family of technologies from an analytical rather than descriptive point of view, providing a critical summation of our present knowledge of the Greek and Roman accomplishments in the technology concerned and the evolution of their technical capabilities over the chronological period. Each presentation reviews the issues and recent contributions, and defines the capacities and accomplishments of the technology in the context of the society that used it, the available "technological shelf," and the resources consumed. These studies introduce and synthesize the results of excavation or specialized studies. The chapters are organized in sections progressing from sources (written and representational) to primary (e.g., mining, metallurgy, agriculture) and secondary (e.g., woodworking, glass production, food preparation, textile production and leather-working) production, to technologies of social organization and interaction (e.g., roads, bridges, ships, harbors, warfare and fortification), and finally to studies of general social issues (e.g., writing, timekeeping, measurement, scientific instruments, attitudes toward technology and innovation) and the relevance of ethnographic methods to the study of classical technology. -- Publisher description.

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