"Prostitution was widespread in nineteenth century Paris, and as French streets filled with these women of the night, French art and literature of the period took notice. In this book, Hollis Clayson explains why providing the first description and analysis of French artistic interest in women prostitutes and examining how the subject was treated in the art of the 1870s and 1880 by such avant-garde painters as Cezanne, Degas, Manet, and Renoir, as well as by academic and lowbrow painters who were their contemporaries." "Clayson illuminates not only the imagery of prostitution - with its contradictory connotations of disgust and fascination - but also issues and problems relating to women and men in a patriarchal society. She discusses the conspicuous sexual commerce during this era and the resulting public panic about the deterioration of social life and mores. She describes the system that evolved of regulating prostitutes and the subsequent rise of clandestine prostitutes, who were condemned both for blurring social boundaries and for spreading sexual licentiousness among their moral and social superiors. Clayson argues that the subject of covert prostitution was especially attractive to vanguard painters because it embodied key notions of modernity, exemplifying the commercialization and ambiguity of modern life."--Jacket.