RT Book, Whole DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 54479638 LA English T1 Painters of reality : the legacy of Leonardo and Caravaggio in Lombardy A1 Bayer, Andrea., Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York, N.Y.), PB Metropolitan Museum of Art ; Yale University Press PP New York; New Haven YR 2004 SN 1588391167 9781588391162 1588391175 9781588391179 0300102755 9780300102758 AB "Largely as a result of Leonardo's innovative work for the Sforza court in Milan, a rich vein of naturalism developed in North Italian art during the late fifteenth century. Questioning the strongly classicizing idealized style dominant in areas south of the Apennines, artists in the region of Lombardy turned to an investigation of the natural world based on direct observation and adherence to strict visual truth. This heritage of realism continued to be of key importance for more than two hundred years, finding its greatest expression in the art of Caravaggio and eventually influencing the course of Baroque painting throughout Europe. Religious scenes, portraits, and landscapes were all transformed by this new naturalism, which also spurred an interest in still lifes and genre scenes as subjects for paintings." "Painters of Reality titled after an exhibition held in Milan more than fifty years ago, is the first study in English of this major aspect of Italian art. It builds on the work of the art historian Roberto Longhi. Reexamining the subject in light of copious subsequent scholarship, the authors of this volume contribute major essays that define and discuss naturalism as it appeared in both Lombard paintings and drawings. There is also a fresh consideration of the North Italian predecessors whose influence is apparent either directly or indirectly, in the paintings of Caravaggio. More detailed discussions of the subject center on the precise elements that constituted Leonardo's "hypernaturalism": the important schools of paintings that arose in Brescia, Bergamo, Cremona, and Milan; and Caravaggio's most notable successors in northern Italy, who kept Lombard realism alive into the eighteenth century." "Among the 136 paintings and drawings, many never before seen outside of Italy, are influential drawings by Leonardo and major paintings by Caravaggio. Other acknowledged masters in the history of European art are represented, including Lorenzo Lotto, Giovanni Girolamo Savoldo, Giovanni Battista Moroni, and Giacomo Ceruti. Works also appear from significant but less widely known artists such as Sofonisba, Anguissola, Vincenzo Campi, Moretto da Brescia, and Fra' Galgario." "Painters of Reality brings together a group of scholars to illuminate why Lombard artists were influential in their own time and why they still hold appeal for modern audiences." "This catalogue is issued in conjunction with an exhibit held at the Museo Civico "Ala Ponzone," Cremona, from February 14 through May 2, 2004, and at The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, from May 27 through August 15, 2004"--Jacket.