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Paleoclimatology : reconstructing climates of the quaternary

Author: Raymond S Bradley
Publisher: Amsterdam : Elsevier, [2015] ©2015
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : Third editionView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Paleoclimatology: Reconstructing Climates of the Quaternary, Third Edition, provides a thorough overview of the methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction and of the historical changes in climate during the past three million years. This thoroughly updated and revised edition systematically examines each type of proxy and elucidates the major attributes and the limitations of each. Paleoclimatology, Third Edition  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Raymond S Bradley
ISBN: 9780123869135 0123869137
OCLC Number: 861120154
Awards: Winner of

2015 Textbook Excellence Award - 2nd or Later Edition: Physical Sciences 2015

Description: xx, 675 pages : illustrations (some color), maps ; 24 cm
Contents: Machine generated contents note: Introduction --
Sources of Paleoclimatic Information --
Levels of Paleoclimatic Analysis --
Modeling in Paleoclimatic Research --
The Nature of Climate and Climatic Variation --
The Climate System --
Feedback Mechanisms --
Energy Balance of the Earth and Its Atmosphere --
Timescales of Climatic Variation --
Variations of the Earth's Orbital Parameters --
Solar Forcing --
Volcanic Forcing --
Introduction and Overview --
Radioisotopic Methods --
Radiocarbon Dating --
Potassium-Argon Dating (40K/40Ar) --
Uranium-Series Dating --
Luminescence Dating: Principles and Applications --
Surface Exposure Dating --
Fission-Track Dating --
Paleomagnetism --
The Earth's Magnetic Field --
Magnetization of Rocks and Sediments --
The Paleomagnetic Timescale --
Geomagnetic Excursions --
Relative Paleointensity Variations --
Secular Variations of the Earth's Magnetic Field --
Dating Methods Involving Chemical Changes Amino Acid Dating --
Obsidian Hydration Dating --
Tephrochronology --
Biological Dating Methods --
Lichenometry --
Dendrochronology --
Introduction --
Stable Isotope Analysis --
Stable Isotopes in Water: Measurement and Standardization --
Oxygen-18 Concentration in Atmospheric Precipitation --
Factors Affecting the Stable Isotope Record in Ice Cores --
Deuterium Excess --
Dating Ice Cores --
Radioisotopic Methods --
Seasonal Variations and Episodic Events --
Theoretical Models --
Chronostratigraphic Correlations --
Paleoclimatic Reconstruction from Ice Cores --
Ice-Core Records from Greenland --
Ice-Core Records from Antarctica --
Past Atmospheric Composition from Polar Ice Cores --
Greenhouse Gas Records in Ice Cores --
Ice-Core Records from Low Latitudes --
Introduction --
Paleoclimatic Information from Biological Material in Ocean Cores --
Oxygen Isotope Studies of Calcareous Marine Fauna --
Isotopic Composition of the Oceans --
Oxygen Isotope Stratigraphy --
Orbital Tuning --
Orbital Forcing: Evidence from the Marine Record Sea-Level Changes --
Paleotemperatures from Relative Abundance Studies --
Paleotemperature Reconstruction from Sediment Geochemistry --
Paleotemperatures from Alkenones --
Paleotemperatures from TEX86 and Long-Chain Diols --
IP25 and Related Sea Ice Proxies --
Paleotemperatures from Mg/Ca Ratios --
Oceanographic Conditions at the Last Glacial Maximum --
Paleoclimatic Information from Inorganic Material in Marine Sediments --
Thermohaline Circulation of the Oceans --
Tracers in the Ocean --
Changes in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide : The Role of the Oceans --
Abrupt Climate Change --
Heinrich Events --
Chronology of Loess-Paleosol Sequences --
Paleoclimatic Significance of Loess-Paleosol Sequences --
Isotopic Variations in Speleothems --
Tropical And Subtropical Paleoclimate Variability from Speleothems --
Speleothems and Glacial Terminations --
Millennial to Centennial Scale Changes --
Late Glacial and Holocene Records --
Atalagnite Records of the Last Two Millennia --
Paleoclimatic Information from Periods of Speleothem Growth --
Speleothems as Indicators of Sea-Level Variations Sedimentology and Inorganic Geochemisty --
Varves --
Pollen, Macrofossils, and Phytoliths --
Ostracods --
Diatoms --
Stable Isotopes --
Organic Biomarkers --
Introduction --
Periglacial Features --
Snowlines and Glaciation Thresholds --
The Climatic and Paleoclimatic Interpretation of Snowlines and ELAs --
The Age of Former Snowlines --
Mountain Glacier Fluctuations --
Evidence of Glacier Fluctuations --
The Record of Glacier Front Positions --
Lake-level Fluctuations --
Hydrologic Balance Models --
Hydrologic-Energy Balance Models --
Regional Patterns of Lake-Level Fluctuations --
Introduction --
Insects --
Paleoclimatic Reconstructions Based on Fossil Coleoptera --
Paleoclimatic Reconstruction Based on Aquatic Insects --
Former Vegetation Distribution from Plant Macrofossils --
Arctic Tree Line Fluctuations --
Alpine Tree Line Fluctuations --
Lower Tree Line Fluctuations and Rodent Middens --
Peat --
Introduction --
The Basis of Pollen Analysis Pollen Grain Characteristics --
Pollen Productivity and Dispersal: The Pollen Rain --
Sources of Fossil Pollen --
Preparation of the Samples --
Pollen Analysis of a Site: The Pollen Diagram --
Zonation of the Pollen Diagram --
Pollen Rain as a Representation of Vegetation Composition and Climate --
Maps of Modern Pollen Data --
Mapping Vegetation Change: Isopolls and Isochrones --
How Rapidly Does Vegetation Respond to Changes in Climate? --
Quantitative Paleoclimatic Reconstructions Based on Pollen Analysis --
Paleoclimatic Reconstruction from Long Quaternary Pollen Records --
Europe --
Sabana de Bogota, Colombia --
Central American Lowlands --
Amazonia --
Equatorial and Sub-Saharan Africa --
Northeastern Siberia --
Introduction --
Fundamentals of Dendroclimatology --
Sample Selection --
Cross Dating --
Standardization of Ring-Width Data --
Divergence --
Calibration of Tree-Ring Data --
Verification of Climatic Reconstructions --
Dendroclimatic Reconstructions --
Reconstructions of Temperatures over the Northern Hemisphere --
Drought Reconstruction --
Reconcstruction of Atmospheric Circulation Modes --
Wildfires and Dendroclimatology --
Isotopic Dendroclimatology --
Coral Records of Past Climate --
Paleoclimate from Coral Growth Rates --
Luminescence in Corals --
Trace Elements in Corals --
Fossil Coral Records --
Introduction --
Historical Records and Their Interpretation --
Historical Weather Observations --
Historical Records of Weather-Dependent Natural Phenomena --
Phenological and Biological Records --
Regional Studies Based on Historical REcords --
East Asia --
Europe --
Records of Climate Forcing Factors --
Climate Paradigns for the Last Millennium.
Responsibility: Raymond S. Bradley.

Abstract:

Provides a thorough overview of the methods of paleoclimatic reconstruction and of the historical changes in climate during the past three million years. This title examines each type of proxy and  Read more...

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"It is difficult to conceive of the vast amount of work that must have gone into this comprehensive revision, and it is a great service to the international Quaternary research community."-The Read more...

 
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