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Paralyzed by panic : measuring the effect of school closures during the 1916 polio pandemic on educational attainment

Author: Keith Meyers; Melissa A Thomasson; National Bureau of Economic Research,
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2017.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 23890.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
We leverage the 1916 polio pandemic in the United States as a natural experiment to test whether short-term school closures result in reduced educational attainment as an adult. With over 23,000 cases of polio diagnosed in 1916, officials implemented quarantines and closed schools. Since the pandemic occurred during the start of the 1916 school year, children of working age may have elected not to return to school.  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Keith Meyers; Melissa A Thomasson; National Bureau of Economic Research,
OCLC Number: 1007743695
Notes: "September 2017"
Description: 1 online resource (29 pages) : illustrations.
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 23890.
Responsibility: Keith Meyers, Melissa A. Thomasson.

Abstract:

We leverage the 1916 polio pandemic in the United States as a natural experiment to test whether short-term school closures result in reduced educational attainment as an adult. With over 23,000 cases of polio diagnosed in 1916, officials implemented quarantines and closed schools. Since the pandemic occurred during the start of the 1916 school year, children of working age may have elected not to return to school. Using state-level polio morbidity as a proxy for schooling disruptions, we find that children ages 14-17 during the pandemic had less educational attainment in 1940 compared to their slightly older peers.

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