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Pathologizing practices : the impact of deficit thinking on education

Author: Carolyn M Shields; Russell Bishop; André Elias Mazawi
Publisher: New York : P. Lang, ©2005.
Series: Counterpoints (New York, N.Y.), v. 268.
Edition/Format:   Book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Database:WorldCat
Summary:
"Pathologizing Practices is an innovative cross cultural study that looks at how deficit thinking pathologizes the lived experiences of children and prevents minority children from achieving their full potential in schools. The book explores the contexts, cultures, and structures of the education systems within which three groups of students - Bedouin, Maori, and Navajo - have been marginalized. Taking a critical  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Cross-cultural studies
Études transculturelles
Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Shields, Carolyn M.
Pathologizing practices.
New York : P. Lang, c2005
(OCoLC)623053885
Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Carolyn M Shields; Russell Bishop; André Elias Mazawi
ISBN: 0820469386 9780820469386
OCLC Number: 54372826
Description: xxii, 183 p. ; 23 cm.
Contents: CHAPTER 1. PATHOLOGIZING PRACTICIES --
AN OVERVIEW 21 Deficit Thinking and Pathologizing Practices 22 Colonial Roots 22 Pathologizing Policies 24 Educational Outcomes 25 Deficit Discourses as Pathologizing Practices 27 Discursive Practices 28 Contested Knowledge 30 Contested Intelligences 34 Schooling as a Pathologizing Practice 36 Pathologizing Pedagogies 39 Deficit Thinking in Schools 43 Policies, Attitudes, and Relationships 45 Overcoming Pathologizing Practices 47 Relationships 48 Social Justice 50 Summary 52 CHAPTER 2. MINORITIZING AS A WAY OF PATHOLOGIZING --
AN EXAMPLE DRAWN FROM NAVAJO EDUCATION 53 Positioning the Research 56 Context 59 Historical Overview 60 Structures 63 Schooling of the Navajo 63 Ongoing Challenges: Attitudes, Assumptions, and Policies 66 Current Policies and Practices: Exacerbating the Problem 69 Underlying Policy Dissonance 76 A Tenuous Balance 79 Attitudes and Positionings 80 Teachers' Attitudes 80 Administrators' Attitudes 83 Parents' Attitudes 86 District Educators' Attitudes 91 Relationships 93 Concluding Reflections 97 CHAPTER 3. PATHOLOGIZING THE LIVED EXPERIENCES OF THE INDIGENOUS MAORI PEOPLE OF AOTEAROA/NEW ZEALAND 100 Context 101 Structures 107 Maori Socio-Political Institutions 108 The Native School System 111 Maori Movements into Mainstream Schooling 113 Textbooks 115 Attitudes and Positionings 120 Seeking Explanations 121 Relationships 126 Pathologizing as Deficit Theorizing among Contemporary Teachers 126 The Discourse of the Children and Their Homes 129 The Discourse of Structure and System 133 The Discourse of Relationships 136 Other Studies 139 Conclusion: The Need for New Discourses 142 CHAPTER 4. PATHOLOGIZING THE SCHOOLING EXPERIENCE OF NEGEV BEDOUIN ARAB CHILDREN IN ISRAEL 145 The Case of Negev Bedouin Arab Communities 147 Context 150 The Fragmentation of Space 151 State-Bedouin Antagonisms 153 Structures 158 Jurisdictions 159 Fragmented, Space, Fragmented Institutions 160 School Administration: On Managing Fragmentation 163 Institutional Climate and Leadership Roles 166 The Curriculum and Imagining the Community 168 Attitudes and Positionings 170 Discipline and Punishment 171 Educators' Expectations of Pupils 173 Relationships 186 Schooling, Power Politics, and Children's Anger 187 Schooling and Social Justice: Aspirations versus Realities 192 Conclusion 193 CHAPTER 5. DE-PATHOLOGIZING PRACTICES 196 From the Cases 197 Defining Deficit Discourses 201 Towards an Alternative Discourse 205 A Discourse of Agency 207 A Discourse of Community 210 A Discourse of Social Justice 217 Deep Democracy and Self-Determination 229 New Discourses for Academic Excellence 231 Looking Forward 234 CHAPTER 6. REPOSITIONING FOR SELF-DETERMINATION 237 Positioning without Blame 238 Creating New Stories 239 Hearing New Voices 241 Taking Responsibility 245 Taking New Actions 247 Building New Relationships 250.
Series Title: Counterpoints (New York, N.Y.), v. 268.
Responsibility: Carolyn M. Shields, Russell Bishop, Andre Elias Mazawi.
More information:

Abstract:

"Pathologizing Practices is an innovative cross cultural study that looks at how deficit thinking pathologizes the lived experiences of children and prevents minority children from achieving their full potential in schools. The book explores the contexts, cultures, and structures of the education systems within which three groups of students - Bedouin, Maori, and Navajo - have been marginalized. Taking a critical democratic perspective, the authors develop a cross-cultural, analysis that examines ways in which social justice and academic excellence may be enhanced and pathologies of practice overcome."--Jacket.

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