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|Additional Physical Format:||Print version:
Spetzler, Robert F.
Pathology and surgery around the vertebral artery.
Dordrecht : Springer, ©2011
|Material Type:||Document, Internet resource|
|Document Type:||Internet Resource, Computer File|
|All Authors / Contributors:||
Robert F Spetzler; Bernard George; Mickaël Bruneau
|Description:||1 online resource (668 pages)|
|Contents:||Title Page; Copyright Page; List of contributors; Table of Contents; Foreword; Chapitre 1 History of vertebral artery surgery; Table of contents; History of anatomical and angiographic description of the vertebral artery; History of surgery; In the nineteenth century; Towards the microsurgical era; References; Chapitre 2 Embryology of the vertebral artery; Table of contents; General development of brain and vessels; The embryonic period; The foetal period; Vascular development; Spinal system; Spinal and spinal cord arteries; Spinal arteries; Anastomoses; Variations; Dural arteries. Spinal radicular arteriesPosterior fossa; The vertebro-basilar system; The postero-inferior cerebellar artery; The cervical arteries; Conclusions; References; Chapitre 3 Embryology of the cervical spine and cranio-vertebral junction; Table of contents; General features; Genetic control of segmentation process; Chondrification and ossification; Conclusions; References; Chapitre 4 Anatomy of the vertebral artery; Table of contents; Vertebral artery branches; Cervicospinal group; Muscular branches; Posterior spinal artery; Postero-inferior cerebellar artery; Segments; Anterior medullary segment. Lateral medullary segmentTonsillomedullary segment; Telovelotonsillar segment; Cortical segment; Perforating arteries; Choroidal arteries; Cortical arteries; PICA-cranial nerve relationships; Anterior spinal artery; Meningeal arteries; References; Chapitre 5 Relation between the cervical nerve roots and the vertebral artery; Table of content; Anatomo-surgical considerations; Dissection from the nerve roots to V2; Dissection from V2 to nerve roots; References. Chapitre 6 The origin of the anterior spinal artery from the vertebral artery: a brief overview of its anatomical variations and initial courseReferences; Chapitre 7 Anatomical variations; Table of contents; Embryology; General considerations; Size-hypoplasia-atresia-agenesia; Anastomoses; Types of carotido-vertebrobasilar anastomoses; Trigeminal artery; Otic artery; Hypoglossal artery; Proatlantal artery; Double origin; Duplications-fenestrations; Specific variations; Ostial VA segment; Abnormal origin; Subclavian artery and branches; Aortic arch; Other origin; Double origin. Transversary VA segmentAbnormal entrance level into the transverse canal; How to detect an abnormal level of entrance; Loops: incidence and clinical implications; Medial loop; Lateral loops; Bone anomalies; Anterior branch of the transverse process; High-riding VA; Suboccipital VA segment; Extracranial-extradural origin of the PICA; Intradural course of the C1-C2 VA; Bone anomalies; Intradural VA segment; Fenestrations; Rete vertebralis; Termination; PICA variations; PICA agenesis; Anomaly of origin; Course anomaly; PICA fenestration; Bihemispheric PICA; Abnormal branches; Duplicate PICA.|