RT Web Page DB /z-wcorg/ DS http://worldcat.org ID 43476293 LA English UL http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&scope=site&db=nlebk&db=nlabk&AN=11615 T1 Patterns of epiphany from Wordsworth to Tolstoy, Pater, and Barrett Browning A1 Bidney, Martin., PB Southern Illinois University Press PP Carbondale YR 1997 SN 058511210X 9780585112107 AB Probing those puzzling but privileged moments, those sudden gifts of vision and illumination when the feeling of life intensifies and the senses quicken, Martin Bidney employs a new approach to analyze epiphanies in the poems, novels, short stories, and essays of eight nineteenth-century writers. Taking his cue from the French philosopher Gaston Bachelard, he postulates that any writer's epiphany pattern usually shows characteristic elements (earth, air, fire, water), patterns of motion (pendular, eruptive, trembling), and/or geometric shapes. Bachelard's analytic approach involves studying patterns of perceived experience - phenomenology - but unlike most phenomenologists, Bidney does not speculate on internal processes of consciousness. Instead, he concentrates on literary epiphanies as objects on the printed page, as things with structures that can be detected and analyzed for their implications. Bidney, then, first identifies each author's paradigm epiphany, finding that both the Romantics and the Victorians often label such a paradigm as a vision or dream, thereby indicating its exceptional intensity, mystery, and expansiveness. Once he identifies the paradigm and shows how it structured, he traces occurrences of each writer's epiphany pattern, thus providing an inclusive epiphanic portrait that enables him to identify epiphanies in each writer's other works. Finally, he explores the implications of his analysis for other literary approaches: psychoanalytical, feminist, influence-oriented or intertextual, and New Historical.