skip to content
Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact : a Biomechanical Perspective Preview this item
ClosePreview this item

Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact : a Biomechanical Perspective

Author: Ciaran Simms; Denis Wood
Publisher: Dordrecht : Springer Netherlands, 2009.
Series: SpringerLink: Springer e-Books; Solid Mechanics and Its Applications, 166.
Edition/Format:   Computer file : English : Online-ausgView all editions and formats

This book presents pedestrian injuries from a biomechanical perspective. It gives a detailed treatment of the physics of pedestrian impact plus a review of the accident databases and relevant injury  Read more...


(not yet rated) 0 with reviews - Be the first.

More like this


Find a copy online

Links to this item

Find a copy in the library

&AllPage.SpinnerRetrieving; Finding libraries that hold this item...


Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Ciaran Simms; Denis Wood
ISBN: 9789048127436 9048127432 9789048127429 9048127424
OCLC Number: 610144444
Reproduction Notes: Online-Ausg. Berlin [u.a.] Springer, 2009. online-Ressource.
Description: S.
Contents: Foreword; Acknowledgements; About the Authors; Chapter 1: Introduction; Chapter 2: Pedestrian and Cyclist Injuries: Introduction; Global View of Pedestrian and Cyclist Fatality and Injury Rates; Main Pedestrian and Cyclist Injury Database Sources; Distribution of Pedestrian Injuries; Distribution of Cyclist Injuries; Injury Risk as a Function of Age and Sex; The Distribution of Vehicle Impact Speeds; Injuries from Vehicle and from Ground Contact; Injury Risk as a Function of Vehicle Size and Type; Injuries and Disabilities; Pedestrian Injury Trends over Time; Concluding Remarks;Chapter 3: Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact Kinematics: Introduction; Sources for Studying Pedestrian and Cyclist Movement; Classification of Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact Configurations; Pedestrian Sideswipe Collisions; Wrap Projection; Pedestrian/Cyclist Head Contact in Wrap Projections; Forward Projection; Post Head Impact Kinematics for Forward and Wrap Projection Cases; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 4: The Relationship between Vehicle Impact Speed and Pedestrian and Cyclist Projection Distance: Introduction; Stages of Pedestrian and Cyclist Projection; Post Impact Separation from the Vehicle; Effective Coefficient of Retardation in the Ground Contact; Accident Data; Staged Tests; Comparison between Accident Reconstructions and Staged Tests; Regression Models Relating Impact Speed to Pedestrian Projection; Distance; Physics Based Models Relating Impact Speed to Pedestrian; Projection Distance; Theoretical Considerations: The Particle Projection Model;Wrap Projection; Pedestrian Forward Projection; Confidence Limits for Vehicle Impact Speed Prediction; Other Models; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 5: Injury Mechanisms and Injury Criteria: Introduction; Head Injuries; Head Injury Criteria; Spinal Injuries; Thorax Injuries; Abdominal Injuries; Pelvis Injuries; Lower Extremity Injuries; The Long Bones: Femur, Tibia and Fibula; The Knee; The Ankle and Upper Extremities; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 6: Vehicle Design Standards for Pedestrian and Cyclist Safety: Introduction; Bodies Developing Pedestrian Safety Standards; Types of Test Proposed; Subsystem Tests: Legform Impactor to Bumper; Upper Legform to Bonnet Leading Edge; Headform to Bonnet Top: Adult and Child; lmplementation into Legislation; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 7: Mathematical Formulations for Impact Modelling: Introduction; Notation; Timing; Impulse and Momentum; Single Segment Formulation Using Momentum Considerations; Post Primary Impact Kinematics; Head Contact Time; Post Head Impact Kinematics; Pedestrian Formulation Using an Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE) Approach; Rigid Body ODE Approach with a Hinge Segment; Three-Dimensional Effects; Problems with a Rigid Body Approach; A Finite Element Approach to Pedestrian Impact; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 8: Models for Simulating Impact: Introduction; Pedestrian Physical Dummy Models; Mathematical Models; Multibody Models; Finite Element Models; Application of Finite Element Pedestrian and Cyclist Models; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 9: Ground Contact Injuries: Introduction; Relative Severity of Ground Versus Vehicle Impact; Variability of Ground Contact; Vehicle Impact Speed Effects; Influence of Vehicle Design; Possible Methods to Reduce Ground Contact Injuries; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 10: The Influence of Vehicle Design on Pedestrian and Cyclist Injuries: Introduction; Definitions; Influence of Vehicle Mass; Influence of Vehicle Stiffness; Influence of overall Vehicle Shape; Bumper Shape; Influence of Bumper Height on Whole-Body Kinematics; Secondary Bumper; Bumper Lead; Bumper Stiffness; Bullbars; Shape of Bonnet and Bonnet Leading Edge; Bonnet Leading Edge Stiffness; Head Impact on the BonnetIWindscreen; Evaluation of Production Vehicles via Proposed Pedestrian; Safety Regulations; Concluding Remarks; Chapter 11: Conclusions and Future Perspectives : Introduction; Epidemiology and In-Depth Crash Injury Studies; Kinematics ; Population
Series Title: SpringerLink: Springer e-Books; Solid Mechanics and Its Applications, 166.
Responsibility: by Ciaran Simms, Denis Wood.


User-contributed reviews
Retrieving GoodReads reviews...
Retrieving DOGObooks reviews...


Be the first.
Confirm this request

You may have already requested this item. Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway.

Linked Data

Primary Entity

<> # Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact a Biomechanical Perspective
    a schema:CreativeWork, bgn:ComputerFile ;
    library:oclcnum "610144444" ;
    library:placeOfPublication <> ;
    library:placeOfPublication <> ; # Dordrecht
    schema:about <> ; # Mechanics, Applied
    schema:about <> ; # Biomedical engineering
    schema:about <> ; # Engineering
    schema:about <> ; # Engineering design
    schema:author <> ; # Denis Wood
    schema:author <> ; # Ciaran Simms
    schema:bookEdition "Online-ausg." ;
    schema:datePublished "2009" ;
    schema:exampleOfWork <> ;
    schema:inLanguage "en" ;
    schema:isPartOf <> ; # Solid Mechanics and Its Applications ;
    schema:isPartOf <> ; # SpringerLink: Springer e-Books
    schema:name "Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact a Biomechanical Perspective" ;
    schema:productID "610144444" ;
    schema:publication <> ;
    schema:publisher <> ; # Springer Netherlands
    schema:url <> ;
    schema:url <> ;
    schema:url <> ;
    schema:url <> ;
    schema:workExample <> ;
    schema:workExample <> ;
    schema:workExample <> ;
    umbel:isLike <> ;
    wdrs:describedby <> ;

Related Entities

<> # Springer Netherlands
    a bgn:Agent ;
    schema:name "Springer Netherlands" ;

<> # Denis Wood
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Wood" ;
    schema:givenName "Denis" ;
    schema:name "Denis Wood" ;

<> # Solid Mechanics and Its Applications ;
    a bgn:PublicationSeries ;
    schema:hasPart <> ; # Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact a Biomechanical Perspective
    schema:name "Solid Mechanics and Its Applications ;" ;

<> # SpringerLink: Springer e-Books
    a bgn:PublicationSeries ;
    schema:hasPart <> ; # Pedestrian and Cyclist Impact a Biomechanical Perspective
    schema:name "SpringerLink: Springer e-Books" ;

<> # Mechanics, Applied
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Mechanics, Applied" ;

<> # Biomedical engineering
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Biomedical engineering" ;

<> # Engineering
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Engineering" ;

<> # Engineering design
    a schema:Intangible ;
    schema:name "Engineering design" ;

<> # Ciaran Simms
    a schema:Person ;
    schema:familyName "Simms" ;
    schema:givenName "Ciaran" ;
    schema:name "Ciaran Simms" ;

    a schema:ProductModel ;
    schema:isbn "9048127424" ;
    schema:isbn "9789048127429" ;

    a schema:ProductModel ;
    schema:isbn "9048127432" ;
    schema:isbn "9789048127436" ;

Content-negotiable representations

Close Window

Please sign in to WorldCat 

Don't have an account? You can easily create a free account.