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Peer effects in European primary schools : evidence from PIRLS

Author: Andreas Ammermueller; Jörn-Steffen Pischke; National Bureau of Economic Research.
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : National Bureau of Economic Research, 2006.
Series: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 12180.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"We estimate peer effects for fourth graders in six European countries. The identification relies on variation across classes within schools. We argue that classes within primary schools are formed roughly randomly with respect to family background. Similar to previous studies, we find sizeable estimates of peer effects in standard OLS specifications. The size of the estimate is much reduced within schools. This  Read more...
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Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Andreas Ammermueller; Jörn-Steffen Pischke; National Bureau of Economic Research.
OCLC Number: 68037406
Description: 1 online resource (1 volume).
Series Title: Working paper series (National Bureau of Economic Research), no. 12180.
Responsibility: Andreas Ammermueller, Jörn-Steffen Pischke.

Abstract:

"We estimate peer effects for fourth graders in six European countries. The identification relies on variation across classes within schools. We argue that classes within primary schools are formed roughly randomly with respect to family background. Similar to previous studies, we find sizeable estimates of peer effects in standard OLS specifications. The size of the estimate is much reduced within schools. This could be explained either by selection into schools or by measurement error in the peer background variable. When we correct for measurement error we find within school estimates close to the original OLS estimates. Our results suggest that the peer effect is modestly large, measurement error is important in our survey data, and selection plays little role in biasing peer effects estimates. We find no significant evidence of non-linear peer effects"--National Bureau of Economic Research web site.

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