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Peer review : a critical inquiry

Author: David Shatz
Publisher: Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield, ©2004.
Series: Issues in academic ethics.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Peer review is the process by which submissions to journals and presses are evaluated with regard to suitability for publication. Armed with the results of numerous empirical studies, critics have leveled a variety of harsh charges against peer review such as: reviewers and editors are biased toward authors from prestigious institutions, peer review is biased toward established ideas, and it does a poor job of  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Shatz, David.
Peer review.
Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield, ©2004
(OCoLC)607553647
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: David Shatz
ISBN: 074251434X 9780742514348 0742514358 9780742514355
OCLC Number: 54989960
Description: xi, 247 pages ; 23 cm.
Contents: Peer review and the marketplace of ideas --
Bias and anonymity in the peer review process --
Is peer review inherently conservative? Should it be? --
Peerless review : the strange case of book reviews --
What should count? --
Where do we go from here? Peer review in the age of the Internet.
Series Title: Issues in academic ethics.
Responsibility: David Shatz.

Abstract:

Peer review is the process by which submissions to journals and presses are evaluated with regard to suitability for publication. Armed with the results of numerous empirical studies, critics have leveled a variety of harsh charges against peer review such as: reviewers and editors are biased toward authors from prestigious institutions, peer review is biased toward established ideas, and it does a poor job of detecting errors and fraud. While an immense literature has sprouted on peer review in the sciences and social sciences, Peer Review is the first book-length, wide-ranging study of peer review that utilizes methods and resources of contemporary philosophy. Its six chapters cover the following topics: the tension between peer review and the liberal notion that truth emerges when ideas proliferate in the marketplace of ideas; arguments for and against blind review of submissions; the alleged conservatism of peer review; the anomalous nature of book reviewing; the status of non-peer-reviewed publications, such as invited articles or Internet publications, in tenure and promotion cases; and the future of peer review in the age of the Internet. The author has also included several key readings about peer review.

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This is a useful study especially for those philosophically minded scholars who like to consider every angle of every possible contingency. Read it and rethink peer review! -- Robert Hauptman * Read more...

 
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