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Personality psychology

Author: Daniel Cervone; Lawrence A Pervin
Publisher: Singapore : Wiley, 2014.
Edition/Format:   Print book : English : 12th international student edView all editions and formats

Now in a new edition, this book expands on previous editions on the study of personality and neuroscience. It draws on research on the biological foundations of personality and trait-based research  Read more...


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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Daniel Cervone; Lawrence A Pervin
ISBN: 9781118322215 1118322215
OCLC Number: 847523733
Description: xix, 618 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 26 cm.
Contents: <p>PREFACE, v <p>CHAPTER 1 PERSONALITY THEORY: FROM EVERYDAY OBSERVATIONS TO SYSTEMATIC THEORIES, 1 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 3 <p>FIVE GOALS FOR THE PERSONALITY THEORIST, 4 <p>1. Observation That Is Scientific, 4 <p>2. Theory That Is Systematic, 5 <p>3. Theory That Is Testable, 5 <p>4. Theory That Is Comprehensive, 5 <p>5. Applications: From Theory to Practice, 6 <p>WHY STUDY PERSONALITY? 6 <p>DEFINING PERSONALITY, 7 <p>QUESTIONS ABOUT PERSONS: WHAT, HOW, AND WHY, 9 <p>ANSWERING QUESTIONS ABOUT PERSONS SCIENTIFICALLY: UNDERSTANDING STRUCTURES, PROCESSES, DEVELOPMENT, AND THERAPEUTIC CHANGE, 9 <p>Structure, 9 <p>Units of Analysis, 10 <p>Hierarchy, 11 <p>Process, 12 <p>Growth and Development, 13 <p>Genetic Determinants, 14 <p>Environmental Determinants, 15 <p>Culture, 17 <p>Social Class, 18 <p>Family, 18 <p>Peers, 19 <p>Psychopathology and Behavior Change, 19 <p>IMPORTANT ISSUES IN PERSONALITY THEORY, 19 <p>Philosophical View of the Person, 20 <p>Internal and External Determinants of Behavior, 20 <p>Consistency across Situations and over Time, 21 <p>The Unity of Experience and Action and the Concept of Self, 22 <p>Varying States of Awareness and the Concept of the Unconscious, 23 <p>The Influence of the Past, Present, and Future on Behavior, 24 <p>Can We Have a Science of Personality? What Kind of a Science Can It Be? 24 <p>EVALUATING PERSONALITY THEORIES, 26 <p>THE PERSONALITY THEORIES: AN INTRODUCTION, 27 <p>The Challenge of Constructing a Personality Theory, 27 <p>The Personality Theories: A Preliminary Sketch, 27 <p>On the Existence of Multiple Theories: Theories as Toolkits, 30 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 31 <p>REVIEW, 32 <p>CHAPTER 2 THE SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF PEOPLE, 33 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 34 <p>THE DATA OF PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, 35 <p>LOTS of Data, 36 <p>How Do Data from Different Sources Relate to One Another? 37 <p>Fixed versus Flexible Measures, 39 <p>Personality and Brain Data, 40 <p>Personality Theory and Assessment, 41 <p>GOALS OF RESEARCH: RELIABILITY, VALIDITY, ETHICAL BEHAVIOR, 43 <p>Reliability, 43 <p>Validity, 43 <p>The Ethics of Research and Public Policy, 45 <p>THREE GENERAL STRATEGIES OF RESEARCH, 46 <p>Case Studies, 46 <p>Case Studies: An Example, 47 <p>Correlational Studies, 49 <p>Correlational Research: An Example, 50 <p>Experiments, 52 <p>Experimental Research: An Example, 54 <p>Evaluating Alternative Research Approaches, 57 <p>Case Studies and Clinical Research: Strengths and Limitations, 57 <p>The Use of Verbal Reports, 58 <p>Correlational Research and Questionnaires: Strengths and Limitations, 59 <p>Laboratory, Experimental Research: Strengths and Limitations, 61 <p>Summary of Strengths and Limitations, 63 <p>PERSONALITY THEORY AND PERSONALITY RESEARCH, 64 <p>PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT AND THE CASE OF JIM, 65 <p>Autobiographical Sketch of Jim, 66 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 66 <p>REVIEW, 67 <p>CHAPTER 3 A PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY: FREUD S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY OF PERSONALITY, 69 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 70 <p>SIGMUND FREUD (1856 1939): A VIEW OF THE THEORIST, 70 <p>FREUD S VIEW OF THE PERSON, 72 <p>The Mind as an Energy System, 73 <p>The Individual in Society, 76 <p>FREUD S VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF PERSONALITY, 76 <p>FREUD S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY OF PERSONALITY, 77 <p>Structure, 77 <p>Levels of Consciousness and the Concept of the Unconscious, 78 <p>Dreams, 79 <p>The Motivated Unconscious, 80 <p>Relevant Psychoanalytic Research, 80 <p>Current Status of the Concept of the Unconscious, 83 <p>The Psychoanalytic Unconscious and the Cognitive Unconscious, 85 <p>Id, Ego, and Superego, 87 <p>Process, 89 <p>Life and Death Instincts, 89 <p>The Dynamics of Functioning, 90 <p>Anxiety, Mechanisms of Defense, and Contemporary Research on Defensive Processes, 91 <p>Denial, 91 <p>Projection, 92 <p>Isolation, Reaction Formation, and Sublimation, 94 <p>Repression, 95 <p>Growth and Development, 97 <p>The Development of the Instincts and Stages of Development, 98 <p>Erikson s Psychosocial Stages of Development, 102 <p>The Importance of Early Experience, 105 <p>The Development of Thinking Processes, 108 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 109 <p>REVIEW, 111 <p>CHAPTER 4 FREUD S PSYCHOANALYTIC THEORY: APPLICATIONS, RELATED THEORETICAL CONCEPTIONS, AND CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, 113 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 114 <p>PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSONALITY ASSESSMENT: PROJECTIVE TESTS, 115 <p>The Logic of Projective Tests, 115 <p>The Rorschach Inkblot Test, 116 <p>The Thematic Apperception Test (TAT), 117 <p>Projective Tests: Do They Work? 120 <p>PSYCHOPATHOLOGY, 122 <p>Personality Types, 122 <p>Confl ict and Defense, 124 <p>PSYCHOLOGICAL CHANGE, 125 <p>Insights into the Unconscious: Free Association and Dream Interpretation, 125 <p>The Therapeutic Process: Transference, 126 <p>A CASE EXAMPLE: LITTLE HANS, 128 <p>THE CASE OF JIM, 132 <p>Rorschach and Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) Data, 132 <p>Comments on the Data, 134 <p>RELATED THEORETICAL CONCEPTIONS AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, 135 <p>Two Early Challenges to Freud: Adler and Jung, 135 <p>Alfred Adler (1870 1937), 135 <p>Carl G. Jung (1875 1961), 137 <p>The Cultural and Interpersonal Emphasis: Horney and Sullivan, 141 <p>Reinterpreting Motivational Forces, 141 <p>Karen Horney (1885 1952), 141 <p>Harry Stack Sullivan (1892 1949), 143 <p>Object Relations, Self Psychology, and Attachment Theory, 144 <p>Object Relations Theory, 144 <p>Self Psychology and Narcissism, 145 <p>Attachment Theory, 147 <p>Attachment Styles in Adulthood, 150 <p>Attachment Types or Dimensions? 153 <p>CRITICAL EVALUATION, 155 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 156 <p>Theory: Systematic? 156 <p>Theory: Testable? 157 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 157 <p>Applications, 158 <p>Major Contributions and Summary, 158 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 160 <p>REVIEW, 160 <p>CHAPTER 5 A PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY: CARL ROGERS S PERSON-CENTERED THEORY OF PERSONALITY, 163 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 164 <p>CARL R. ROGERS (1902 1987): A VIEW OF THE THEORIST, 165 <p>ROGERS S VIEW OF THE PERSON, 168 <p>The Subjectivity of Experience, 168 <p>Feelings of Authenticity, 169 <p>The Positivity of Human Motivation, 169 <p>A Phenomenological Perspective, 170 <p>ROGERS S VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF PERSONALITY, 170 <p>THE PERSONALITY THEORY OF CARL ROGERS, 171 <p>Structure, 171 <p>The Self, 171 <p>Measuring Self-Concept, 173 <p>The Q-Sort Technique, 173 <p>The Semantic Differential, 174 <p>Process, 176 <p>Self-Actualization, 177 <p>Self-Consistency and Congruence, 178 <p>States of Incongruence and Defensive Processes, 179 <p>Research on Self-Consistency and Congruence, 179 <p>The Need for Positive Regard, 182 <p>Growth and Development, 183 <p>Research on Parent Child Relationships, 185 <p>Social Relations, Self-Actualization, and Well-Being Later in Life, 188 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 188 <p>REVIEW, 189 <p>CHAPTER 6 ROGERS S PHENOMENOLOGICAL THEORY: APPLICATIONS, RELATED THEORETICAL CONCEPTIONS, AND CONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, 191 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 193 <p>CLINICAL APPLICATIONS, 193 <p>Psychopathology, 193 <p>Self-Experience Discrepancy, 193 <p>Psychological Change, 194 <p>Therapeutic Conditions Necessary for Change, 195 <p>Outcomes of Client-Centered Therapy, 198 <p>Presence, 200 <p>A CASE EXAMPLE: MRS. OAK, 202 <p>THE CASE OF JIM, 204 <p>Semantic Differential: Phenomenological Theory, 204 <p>Comments on the Data, 204 <p>RELATED THEORETICAL CONCEPTIONS, 205 <p>The Human Potential Movement, 205 <p>Abraham H. Maslow (1908 1970), 206 <p>The Positive Psychology Movement, 207 <p>Classifying Human Strengths, 208 <p>The Virtues of Positive Emotions, 209 <p>Flow, 209 <p>Existentialism, 210 <p>The Existentialism of Sartre: Consciousness, Nothingness, Freedom, and Responsibility, 211 <p>Contemporary Experimental Existentialism, 213 <p>RECENT DEVELOPMENTS IN THEORY AND RESEARCH, 215 <p>Discrepancies among Parts of the Self, 215 <p>Fluctuations in Self-Esteem and Contingencies of Worth, 216 <p>Authenticity and Internally Motivated Goals, 217 <p>Cross-Cultural Research on the Self, 219 <p>Cultural Differences in the Self and the Need for Positive Self-Regard, 220 <p>CRITICAL EVALUATION, 223 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 223 <p>Theory: Systematic? 224 <p>Theory: Testable? 224 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 225 <p>Applications, 226 <p>Major Contributions and Summary, 226 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 227 <p>REVIEW, 228 <p>CHAPTER 7 TRAIT THEORIES OF PERSONALITY: ALLPORT, EYSENCK, AND CATTELL, 229 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 230 <p>A VIEW OF THE TRAIT THEORISTS, 231 <p>TRAIT THEORY S VIEW OF THE PERSON, 232 <p>The Trait Concept, 232 <p>TRAIT THEORY S VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF PERSONALITY, 233 <p>Scientific Functions Served by Trait Constructs, 233 <p>Description, 233 <p>Prediction, 234 <p>Explanation, 234 <p>TRAIT THEORIES OF PERSONALITY: BASIC PERSPECTIVES SHARED BY TRAIT THEORISTS, 235 <p>THE TRAIT THEORY OF GORDON W. ALLPORT (1897 1967), 236 <p>Traits: Personality Structure in Allport s Theory, 237 <p>Functional Autonomy, 238 <p>Idiographic Research, 239 <p>Comment on Allport, 240 <p>IDENTIFYING PRIMARY TRAIT DIMENSIONS: FACTOR ANALYSIS, 240 <p>THE FACTOR-ANALYTIC TRAIT THEORY OF RAYMOND B. CATTELL (1905 1998), 243 <p>Surface and Source Traits: Personality Structure in Cattell s Theory, 243 <p>Sources of Evidence: L-Data, Q-Data, and OT-Data, 244 <p>Stability and Variability in Behavior, 247 <p>Comment on Cattell, 247 <p>THE THREE-FACTOR THEORY OF HANS J. EYSENCK (1916 1997), 250 <p> Superfactors : Personality Structure in Eysenck s Theory, 251 <p>Measuring the Factors, 254 <p>Biological Bases of Personality Traits, 255 <p>Extraversion and Social Behavior, 257 <p>Psychopathology and Behavior Change, 258 <p>Comment on Eysenck, 258 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 259 <p>REVIEW, 260 <p>CHAPTER 8 TRAIT THEORY: THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL; APPLICATIONS AND EVALUATION OF TRAIT APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY, 261 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 262 <p>THE FIVE-FACTOR MODEL OF PERSONALITY: RESEARCH EVIDENCE, 263 <p>Analysis of Trait Terms in Natural Language and in Questionnaires, 263 <p>The Fundamental Lexical Hypothesis, 267 <p>Cross-Cultural Research: Are the Big Five Dimensions Universal? 268 <p>The Big Five in Personality Questionnaires, 271 <p>The NEO-PI-R and Its Hierarchical Structure: Facets, 271 <p>Integration of Eysenck s and Cattell s Factors within the Big Five, 273 <p>Self-Ratings and Observer Ratings, 274 <p>PROPOSED THEORETICAL MODEL FOR THE BIG FIVE, 275 <p>GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, 279 <p>Age Differences Throughout Adulthood, 279 <p>Initial Findings from Childhood and Adolescence, 282 <p>Stability and Change in Personality, 282 <p>MAYBE WE MISSED ONE? THE SIX-FACTOR MODEL, 283 <p>APPLICATIONS OF THE BIG FIVE MODEL, 285 <p>THE CASE OF JIM, 288 <p>Factor-Analytic Trait-Based Assessment, 288 <p>Personality Stability: Jim 5 and 20 Years Later, 289 <p>Self-Ratings and Ratings by Wife on the NEO-PI, 291 <p>THE PERSON SITUATION CONTROVERSY, 292 <p>CRITICAL EVALUATION, 295 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 295 <p>Theory: Systematic? 296 <p>Theory: Testable? 296 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 297 <p>Applications, 298 <p>Major Contributions and Summary, 299 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 299 <p>REVIEW, 300 <p>CHAPTER 9 BIOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF PERSONALITY, 301 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 302 <p>TEMPERAMENT, 303 <p>Constitution and Temperament: Early Views, 304 <p>Constitution and Temperament: Longitudinal Studies, 305 <p>Biology, Temperament, and Personality Development: Contemporary Research, 306 <p>Inhibited and Uninhibited Children: Research of Kagan and Colleagues , 306 <p>Interpreting Data on Biology and Personality , 310 <p>Effortful Control and the Development of Conscience, 311 <p>EVOLUTION, EVOLUTIONARY PSYCHOLOGY, AND PERSONALITY, 314 <p>Evolutionary Psychology, 315 <p>Social Exchange and the Detection of Cheating, 317 <p>Sex Differences: Evolutionary Origins? 318 <p>Male-Female Mate Preferences , 319 <p>Causes of Jealousy , 320 <p>Evolutionary Origins of Sex Differences: How Strong Are the Data? 321 <p>GENES AND PERSONALITY, 323 <p>Behavioral Genetics, 324 <p>Selective Breeding Studies, 324 <p>Twin Studies , 324 <p>Adoption Studies, 326 <p>Heritability Coefficient, 327 <p>Heritability of Personality: Findings, 328 <p>Some Caveats, 329 <p>Molecular Genetic Paradigms, 330 <p>Environments and Gene Environment Interactions, 332 <p>Shared and Nonshared Environment, 332 <p>Understanding Nonshared Environment Effects, 334 <p>Three Kinds of Nature Nurture Interactions, 335 <p>MOOD, EMOTION, AND THE BRAIN, 336 <p>Left and Right Hemispheric Dominance, 336 <p>Neurotransmitters and Temperament: Dopamine and Serotonin, 339 <p>Three Dimensions of Temperament: PE, NE, and DvC, 340 <p>PLASTICITY: BIOLOGY AS BOTH CAUSE AND EFFECT, 342 <p>From Experience to Biology, 342 <p>Socioeconomic Status of Communities and Serotonin, 343 <p>NEUROSCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS OF HIGHER-LEVEL PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS, 344 <p>Brain and Self, 347 <p>Brain and Moral Judgment, 347 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 349 <p>REVIEW, 350 <p>CHAPTER 10 BEHAVIORISM AND THE LEARNING APPROACHES TO PERSONALITY, 351 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 352 <p>BEHAVIORISM S VIEW OF THE PERSON, 353 <p>BEHAVIORISM S VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF PERSONALITY, 354 <p>Environmental Determinism and Its Implications for the Concept of Personality, 354 <p>Experimentation, Observable Variables, and Simple Systems, 356 <p>WATSON, PAVLOV, AND CLASSICAL CONDITIONING, 358 <p>Watson s Behaviorism, 358 <p>Pavlov s Theory of Classical Conditioning, 360 <p>Principles of Classical Conditioning, 360 <p>Psychopathology and Change, 363 <p>Conditioned Emotional Reactions, 364 <p>The Unconditioning of Fear of a Rabbit, 364 <p>Systematic Desensitization, 365 <p>A Reinterpretation of the Case of Little Hans, 368 <p>Recent Developments, 369 <p>SKINNER S THEORY OF OPERANT CONDITIONING, 370 <p>A View of the Theorist, 371 <p>Skinner s Theory of Personality, 373 <p>Structure, 374 <p>Process: Operant Conditioning, 374 <p>Growth and Development, 377 <p>Psychopathology, 378 <p>Behavioral Assessment, 379 <p>Behavior Change, 381 <p>Free Will? 382 <p>CRITICAL EVALUATION, 383 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 384 <p>Theory: Systematic? 384 <p>Theory: Testable? 385 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 385 <p>Applications, 386 <p>Major Contributions and Summary, 386 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 387 <p>REVIEW, 388 <p>CHAPTER 11 A COGNITIVE THEORY: GEORGE A. KELLY S PERSONAL CONSTRUCT THEORY OF PERSONALITY, 389 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 390 <p>GEORGE A. KELLY (1905 1966): A VIEW OF THE THEORIST, 392 <p>KELLY S VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF PERSONALITY, 393 <p>KELLY S VIEW OF THE PERSON, 396 <p>THE PERSONALITY THEORY OF GEORGE A. KELLY, 397 <p>Structure, 397 <p>Constructs and Their Interpersonal Consequences, 398 <p>Types of Constructs and the Construct System, 399 <p>Assessment: The Role Construct Repertory (Rep) Test, 401 <p>Unique Information Revealed by Personal Construct Testing, 403 <p>Cognitive Complexity/Simplicity, 403 <p>Process, 408 <p>Anticipating Events, 408 <p>Anxiety, Fear, and Threat, 411 <p>Growth and Development, 414 <p>CLINICAL APPLICATIONS, 415 <p>Psychopathology, 415 <p>Change and Fixed-Role Therapy, 416 <p>THE CASE OF JIM, 417 <p>Rep Test: Personal Construct Theory, 417 <p>Comments on the Data, 419 <p>RELATED POINTS OF VIEW AND RECENT DEVELOPMENTS, 419 <p>CRITICAL EVALUATION, 420 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 420 <p>Theory: Systematic? 421 <p>Theory: Testable? 421 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 422 <p>Applications, 423 <p>Major Contributions and Summary, 423 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 424 <p>REVIEW, 425 <p>CHAPTER 12 SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY: BANDURA AND MISCHEL, 427 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 428 <p>RELATING SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY TO THE PREVIOUS THEORIES, 428 <p>A VIEW OF THE THEORISTS, 429 <p>Albert Bandura (1925 ), 429 <p>Walter Mischel (1930 ), 430 <p>SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY S VIEW OF THE PERSON, 432 <p>SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY S VIEW OF THE SCIENCE OF PERSONALITY, 433 <p>SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY OF PERSONALITY: STRUCTURE, 433 <p>Competencies and Skills, 433 <p>Beliefs and Expectancies, 434 <p>The Self and Self-Efficacy Beliefs, 436 <p>Self-Efficacy and Performance, 438 <p>Goals, 441 <p>Evaluative Standards, 442 <p>The Nature of Social-Cognitive Personality Structures, 444 <p>SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY OF PERSONALITY: PROCESS, 445 <p>Reciprocal Determinism, 445 <p>Personality as a Cognitive-Affective Processing System (CAPS), 446 <p>SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY OF GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT, 450 <p>Observational Learning (Modeling), 450 <p>Acquisition versus Performance, 451 <p>Vicarious Conditioning, 452 <p>Self-Regulation and Motivation, 455 <p>Self-Efficacy, Goals, and Self-Evaluative Reactions, 456 <p>Self-Control and Delay of Gratification, 458 <p>Learning Delay of Gratification Skills, 458 <p>Mischel s Delay of Gratifi cation Paradigm, 460 <p>Summary of the Social-Cognitive View of Growth and Development, 462 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 464 <p>REVIEW, 464 <p>CHAPTER 13 SOCIAL-COGNITIVE THEORY: APPLICATIONS, RELATED THEORETICAL CONCEPTIONS, AND ONTEMPORARY RESEARCH, 467 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 468 <p>COGNITIVE COMPONENTS OF PERSONALITY: BELIEFS, GOALS, AND EVALUATIVE STANDARDS, 469 <p>Beliefs about the Self and Self-Schemas, 469 <p>Self-Schemas and Reaction-Time Methods, 471 <p>Self-Based Motives and Motivated Information Processing, 474 <p>Learning versus Performance Goals, 476 <p>Causes of Learning versus Performance Goals: Implicit Theories, 478 <p>Standards of Evaluation, 480 <p>Self-Standards, Self-Discrepancies, Emotion, and Motivation, 481 <p>A General Principles Approach to Personality, 484 <p>Psychopathology and Change: Modeling, Self-Conceptions, and Perceived Self-Effi cacy, 486 <p>Self-Efficacy, Anxiety, and Depression, 487 <p>Self-Efficacy and Health, 488 <p>Therapeutic Change: Modeling and Guided Mastery, 489 <p>STRESS AND COPING, 494 <p>Ellis s Rational-Emotive Therapy, 496 <p>Beck s Cognitive Therapy for Depression, 498 <p>The Cognitive Triad of Depression, 498 <p>Research on Faulty Cognitions, 498 <p>Cognitive Therapy, 499 <p>THE CASE OF JIM, 500 <p>CRITICAL EVALUATION, 502 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 502 <p>Theory: Systematic? 503 <p>Theory: Testable? 503 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 503 <p>Applications, 504 <p>Major Contributions and Summary, 505 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 505 <p>REVIEW, 506 <p>CHAPTER 14 PERSONALITY IN CONTEXT: INTERPERSONAL RELATIONS, CULTURE, AND DEVELOPMENT ACROSS THE COURSE OF LIFE, 507 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 509 <p>INTERPERSONAL RELATIONSHIPS, 510 <p>Rejection Sensitivity, 510 <p> Hot and Cool Focus, 513 <p>Transference in Interpersonal Relationships, 514 <p>MEETING ACADEMIC AND SOCIAL CHALLENGES: OPTIMISTIC STRATEGIES AND DEFENSIVE PESSIMISM, 516 <p>PERSONALITY CONSISTENCY IN CONTEXT, 517 <p>PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN SOCIOECONOMIC CONTEXT, 520 <p>Causes and Effects of Personality Attributes, 522 <p>PERSONALITY FUNCTIONING ACROSS THE LIFE SPAN, 523 <p>Psychological Resilience in the Later Years, 523 <p>Emotional Life in Older Adulthood: Socioemotional Selectivity, 524 <p>PERSONS IN CULTURES, 525 <p>Two Strategies for Thinking about Personality and Culture, 525 <p>Strategy #1: Personality ... and Culture? 525 <p>Strategy #2: Culture and Personality, 527 <p>Personality and Self as Socially Constructed within Culture, 528 <p>Independent and Interdependent Views of Self, 529 <p>PUTTING PERSONALITY IN CONTEXT INTO PRACTICE, 531 <p>Assessing Personality in Context: A Case Study, 531 <p>Personality Processes in Context: Fostering Social Change, 536 <p>SUMMARY, 538 <p>MAJOR CONCEPTS, 538 <p>REVIEW, 539 <p>CHAPTER 15 ASSESSING PERSONALITY THEORY AND RESEARCH, 541 <p>QUESTIONS TO BE ADDRESSED IN THIS CHAPTER, 542 <p>ON STRUCTURES, PROCESSES, DEVELOPMENT, AND THERAPEUTIC CHANGE, 542 <p>Personality Structure, 542 <p>Process, 543 <p>Growth and Development, 545 <p>Psychopathology and Change, 545 <p>THE CASE OF JIM, 548 <p>HOW DID THEY DO? A CRITICAL EVALUATION OF PERSONALITY, 549 <p>Theories and Research, 549 <p>Scientific Observation: The Database, 549 <p>Theory: Systematic? 551 <p>Theory: Testable? 552 <p>Theory: Comprehensive? 552 <p>Applications, 553 <p>A FINAL SUMMING UP: THEORIES AS TOOLKITS, 554 <p>REVIEW, 555 <p>GLOSSARY, 557 <p>REFERENCES, 567 <p>NAME INDEX, 603 <p>SUBJECT INDEX, 609
Responsibility: Daniel Cervone, Lawrence A. Pervin.
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