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Pharmaceutical patent protection and world trade law : the unresolved problem of access to medicines

Author: Jae Sundaram
Publisher: New York : Routledge, 2018.
Series: Routledge research in intellectual property
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
"Patents, including pharmaceutical patents, enjoy extended protection for twenty years under the TRIPs Agreement. The Agreement has resulted in creating a two-tier system of the World Trade Organisation Member States, and its implementation has seen the price of pharmaceutical products skyrocket, putting essential medicines beyond the reach of the common man. The hardest hit populations come from the developing and  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Patents
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Sundaram, Jae.
Pharmaceutical patent protection and world trade law.
New York : Routledge, 2018
(DLC) 2018000566
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Jae Sundaram
ISBN: 9781351973823 1351973827 9781315267692 1315267691 9781351973830 1351973835 9781351973816 1351973819
OCLC Number: 1019836272
Description: 1 online resource.
Contents: Cover; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; List of cases; List of acronyms; Preface; 1 Introduction; 1 Globalising intellectual property rights; 1.1 Knowledge: the new capital; 2 Access to medicines and the TRIPS Agreement; 2.1 Twenty years of TRIPS and the proliferation of RTAs; 2.2 Organisation of the book and areas of enquiry; Part I Evolution of intellectual property laws, and the introduction of IP protection in the multilateral trading system; 2 A jurisprudential enquiry into the justification of international IP rights protection, with particular reference to pharmaceutical patents. 1 Introduction2 Patent rights: origins, traditional views and economic foundations; 2.1 Intellectual property rights and the control of 'knowledge'; 2.2 Patents: an economic analysis; 2.3 Expansion of intellectual property laws: the haunting colonial legacy; 3 IP rights policy vis-à-vis human rights: an analysis; 3.1 Access to medicines as human right; 3.2 Pharmaceutical corporations and the right to life-saving medicines; 4 Public right to health v. private right to restrict; 5 Conclusion. 3 Intellectual property in the multilateral trading system: forum shifting, TRIPS Agreement, Doha Declaration and TRIPS flexibilities1 Introduction; 1.1 The quest for stronger IP rights protection and forum shifting; 1.2 TNPCs and the inclusion of IP rights protection in the WTO; 2 TRIPS Agreement flexibilities and the Doha Declaration; 2.1 TRIPS implementation: the difficulties; 4 Undermining TRIPS flexibilities: FTAs, RTAs, EPAs, TRIPS-plus and stoppage in transit; 1 Introduction; 2 TRIPS-plus provisions, FTAS and the WTO; 2.1 Nature of IP provisions in FTAs. 3 FTAs: data exclusivity, compulsory licencing3.1 FTAs: parallel imports, patent linkage; 4 Conclusion; Part II TRIPS and developing countries: implementation, knowledge economy and IP policymaking; 5 Brazil: ambitious missions and early TRIPS implementation; 1 Brazil: right to health as a constitutional right; 1.1 Brazilian national health system: Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS); 2 Response to HIV/AIDS epidemic: right to health and pharmaceutical patents; 3 Brazilian patent laws: from the nineteenth century alvará to TRIPS implementation. 3.1 Key provisions 1: parallel imports, Bolar exception and compulsory licencing3.1.1 Use of price negotiation and compulsory licencing provision; 3.1.2 Setback: seizure of generic medicines-in-transit; 3.2 Key provisions 2: prior consent, ANVISA and second use medical patent; 3.3 Mailbox legacy, backlog and the patent prosecution highway; 3.4 Access to health and medicines and judicial enforcement: trouble in paradise; 3.5 Brazil's balancing act: the current state of play and proposed changes; 4 Conclusion; 6 China: the uneasy transition; 1 Introduction: in a league of its own.
Series Title: Routledge research in intellectual property
Responsibility: Jae Sundaram.

Abstract:

"Patents, including pharmaceutical patents, enjoy extended protection for twenty years under the TRIPs Agreement. The Agreement has resulted in creating a two-tier system of the World Trade Organisation Member States, and its implementation has seen the price of pharmaceutical products skyrocket, putting essential medicines beyond the reach of the common man. The hardest hit populations come from the developing and least developed countries, that have either a weak health care system or no health care at all, where access to essential and affordable medicines is extremely difficult to achieve. Pharmaceutical Patent Protection and World Trade Law studies the problems faced by these countries in obtaining access to affordable medicines for their citizens in light of the TRIPS Agreement. It explores the opportunities that are still open for some developing countries to utilise the flexibilities available under the TRIPS Agreement in order to mitigate the damage caused by it. The book also examines the interrelationship between the world governing bodies, and the right to health contained in some of the developing countrys national constitutions."--Provided by publisher.

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