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Philosophy and the American school; an introduction to the philosophy of education.

Author: Van Cleve Morris
Publisher: Boston, Houghton Mifflin [1961]
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Additional Physical Format: Online version:
Morris, Van Cleve.
Philosophy and the American school.
Boston, Houghton Mifflin [1961]
(OCoLC)572246028
Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: Van Cleve Morris
OCLC Number: 177978
Description: 492 pages illustrations 25 cm
Contents: I. The task of educational philosophy : 1. Educational theory : Theory and practice : Why study theory? ; How theory serves practice ; Theory and philosophy. The philosophical dimensions of education : Education and the human nature ; Education and society ; Education and the cosmos. The philosophic task : The subject matter of philosophy ; The three basic questions of philosophy ; Philosophic systems and their uses --
II. Ontology: what is real? : 2. Ontology: the question of reality : What is? : The problem ; The study of ontology: differing views ; The infinitive "to be" ; Reality and appearance ; Existents and symbols ; Things and process ; Purpose and purposelessness. What isn't? ; What might be? ; Conclusion --
3. Comparative ontologies : Idealism: a world of mind : Plato's cave ; The apparent and the real ; The world as idea. Realism: a world of things : Aristotle's barehanded interpretation ; The form-matter hypothesis ; Plato and Aristotle ; Scientific realism. Neo-Thomism: a world of being : Aristotle revisited ; St. Augustine and the Christian message ; With St. Thomas to higher ground ; The Neo-Thomist ; Teleology. Experimentalism: a world of experience : Naive realism ; Experience ; Transaction ; Process. Existentialism: a world of existing : Essence and existence ; From existence to choice ; Self in a world of choice ; The "open end" --
4. Comparative ontology and the educative process : The problem of application ; The world the learner live in : The learner and ideas ; The learner and things ; The learner and being ; The learner and experience ; The learner and choice. The curriculum of the learner : The subject matter of symbol and idea ; The subject matter of the physical world ; The subject matter of the spirit and the intellect ; The subject matter of social experience ; The subject matter of choice. The real man --
III. Epistemology: what is true? : 5. Epistemology: the question of truth and knowledge : Knowledge and the school : Knowledge as the school's "stock in trade". The dimensions of knowing : The intelligibility of the cosmos ; "Truth" or "truth" ; Vicarious and direct knowing ; Subjective and objective knowledge ; The a priori and the a posteriori. The varieties of knowing : Sense data ; Common sense ; Logic ; Self-evidence and intuition ; Science ; Choice. Epistemology and ontology --
6. Comparative epistemologies : Idealism: truth as idea : The absolute mind ; Microcosm and macrocosm ; The absolute self ; The emergent self ; Mind, self, and knowing. Realism: truth as observable fact : Natural law ; The "spectator theory" ; Pure theory ; The correspondence theory. Neo-Thomism: truth as reason and intuition : Ontological underpinnings ; The intellect ; Self-evidence and intuition ; Intuition and revelation. Experimentalism: truth as what works : Historical perspectives ; Ontological background ; The nature of truth ; Knowing as process ; The scientific method ; Truth as what works. Existentialism: truth as existential choice : Existential requirements ; The modes of knowing ; Mode two and the scientific method. The analytic movement --
7. Comparative epistemology and the educative process : Epistemology and education : Knowing theories and the nature of learning. The method of learning : Absorbing ideas ; Imitating the absolute mind and absolute self ; Absorbing facts and information ; The receptacle theory of learning ; Training the mind ; Solving problems ; Finding the self. The teacher : The teacher as paradigmatic self ; The teacher as demonstrator ; The teacher as mental disciplinarian ; The teacher as research-project director ; The teacher as provocateur of the self --
IV. Axiology: what is good? : 8. Axiology: the question of value : The school and values : Value defined ; Education: the development of preferences ; Education and ultimate values ; The branches of value. Ethics: the question of conduct : Morals ; The good and the good ; Means and ends ; Morality and ethical relativity ; Morality and religion. Aesthetics: the question of enjoyment : Taste ; The nature of aesthetic experience ; Art for art's sake ; Art for our sake ; Aesthetics and the relativity of taste. The axiological situation --
9. Comparative axiologies : Axiology and philosophical theory : Valuing and the theory of reality ; Valuing and knowing. Idealism : Ethics: the imitation of the absolute self ; Aesthetics: the reflection of the ideal. Realism : Ethics: the law of nature ; Aesthetics: the reflection of nature. Neo-Thomism : Ethics: the rational act ; Aesthetics: the reflection of nature. Experimentalism : Ethics: the public test ; Aesthetics: the public taste. Existentialism : Ethics: the anguish of freedom ; Aesthetics: the revolt from the public norm --
10. Comparative axiology and the educative process : Axiology and education : Education as a moral enterprise ; Values and the school. Learning to live the ethical life : Ideas, examples, and conduct ; Nature and conduct ; The hierarchy of values and the rational act ; The relativity of values and learning through living ; The baselessness of values and individual choice. Refining aesthetic taste : Masterworks and the idea of beauty ; Beauty in nature: form, balance, and structure ; Beauty through intuition and revelation ; Aesthetic experience as the widening of meanings ; Art as the statement of the self --
V. Five philosophies of American education : 11. Traditional views: idealism, realism, neo-Thomism : The essentialists : Idealism ; Realism ; Essentialist policy in American education. The perennialists : Neo-Thomism ; Perennialist policy in American education --
12. The contemporary outlook: experimentalism : Experimentalism and American education : The rationale of a scientific age ; The source of Progressivism ; The source of Reconstructionism. The progressivists : Basic views ; Educational theory ; Progressivist educational policy. The reconstructionists : Basic views ; Educational theory ; Reconstructionist educational policy. 13. The "open question": existentialism : Prologue : The default of philosophy ; The feeling of lost-ness ; Three roads home. The existentialist approach : Basic views ; Educational theory. Existentialist educational policy : The social policy of the school ; Responsibility for choice ; The affirmative side of freedom ; Self-transcendence ; Involvement and care --
VI. Philosophy in action : 14. The classroom teacher's philosophy : The uses of philosophy ; Classroom management : The opening of school ; Seating arrangements ; Movable furniture ; Hetero-versus homogeneous grouping. Teaching methods : Teaching specialty as clue ; The direct object of "teach" ; Techniques of teaching ; Aids to teaching. Discipline : Rules and penalties ; Misbehavior as symptom. Evaluating the learner : Testing ; Grades and report cards. The teacher and the community --
15. The school administrator's philosophy : Philosophy and the administrator ; Institutional management : Buildings and grounds ; Schedule-planning ; Record-keeping ; Budget policy. Personnel management : Staff relations ; Appointment policies ; Supervision of instruction ; Program development. Community relations : Filling the vacuum ; Religion in the school ; Educational leadership --
16. Building a personal philosophy of education : What lies ahead? ; Schematic summary of views ; The "inside-out" (inductive) method ; The "outside-in" (deductive) method ; The cultural method ; The educator's philosophic posture.

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Realism: truth as observable fact : Natural law ; The "spectator theory" ; Pure theory ; The correspondence theory. Neo-Thomism: truth as reason and intuition : Ontological underpinnings ; The intellect ; Self-evidence and intuition ; Intuition and revelation. Experimentalism: truth as what works : Historical perspectives ; Ontological background ; The nature of truth ; Knowing as process ; The scientific method ; Truth as what works. Existentialism: truth as existential choice : Existential requirements ; The modes of knowing ; Mode two and the scientific method. The analytic movement -- 7. Comparative epistemology and the educative process : Epistemology and education : Knowing theories and the nature of learning. The method of learning : Absorbing ideas ; Imitating the absolute mind and absolute self ; Absorbing facts and information ; The receptacle theory of learning ; Training the mind ; Solving problems ; Finding the self. 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Realism : Ethics: the law of nature ; Aesthetics: the reflection of nature. Neo-Thomism : Ethics: the rational act ; Aesthetics: the reflection of nature. Experimentalism : Ethics: the public test ; Aesthetics: the public taste. Existentialism : Ethics: the anguish of freedom ; Aesthetics: the revolt from the public norm -- 10. Comparative axiology and the educative process : Axiology and education : Education as a moral enterprise ; Values and the school. Learning to live the ethical life : Ideas, examples, and conduct ; Nature and conduct ; The hierarchy of values and the rational act ; The relativity of values and learning through living ; The baselessness of values and individual choice. Refining aesthetic taste : Masterworks and the idea of beauty ; Beauty in nature: form, balance, and structure ; Beauty through intuition and revelation ; Aesthetic experience as the widening of meanings ; Art as the statement of the self -- V. Five philosophies of American education : 11. 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