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Philosophy in Science : an Historical Introduction

Author: Michael Heller
Publisher: Berlin, Heidelberg : Michael Heller, 2011, 2011.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
The traditional topics of the 'philosophy of nature' - space, time, causality, the structure of the universe - are overwhelmingly present in our modern scientific theories. This book traces the complex paths that discussion of these topics has followed, from Plato and Aristotle, through Descartes, Leibniz, Kant and other great thinkers, right up to the relativistic cosmologies and the grand unified theories of  Read more...
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Heller, Michael.
Philosophy in Science.
Dordrecht : Springer, ©2011
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: Michael Heller
ISBN: 9783642177057 3642177050
OCLC Number: 771362853
Description: 1 online resource
Contents: Preface; Contents; 1 The First Task of the Philosophy of Nature --
The Problem of Elementarity; Biographical Notes; Appendix: How Critical Thought Transformed the Ancient Picture of the World; 2 The Philosophical Myth of Creation --
The Platonic Philosophy of Nature; 1 Ideas and Their Shadows; 2 Becoming and Being; 3 The Prototype of the Concept of Space; 4 Time: The Moving Image of Eternity; 5 Symmetries; 6 The Achievements of the Platonic Philosophy of Nature; Biographical Notes; Appendix: Platonism's ""Ideas"" in the History of Western Philosophy; 3 Aristotle's Physics. 1 Introduction: From the World of Ideas to Individual Objects2 The Ontological Point of View; 3 The Point of View of Physics; 4 A Philosophy of Change; 5 The Theory of Hylomorphism; 6 The Principles of Aristotle's Dynamics; 7 The Significance of Aristotle's Physics; Biographical Notes; Appendix: Aristotelianism and Platonism --
The Rivalry of Systems; 4 Aristotle's Method of Cosmological Speculation; Appendix: Ancient Ideas About the Structure of the Universe; 5 Descartes Mechanism; 1 The Road to the Empirical Method; 2 The Geometrical Mechanics of Descartes. 3 The Geometrical Mechanism of Descartes4 In the Context of System; Biographical Notes; Appendix: The Philosophy of Nature from the Middle Ages to Modern Times; 6 Isaac Newton and the Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy; 1 Introduction: Towards a New Method; 2 Newton's Introduction to the Principia ; 3 Rules of Reasoning in Philosophy; 4 The Scholium; Biographical Notes; Appendix: The Mechanistic Image of the World in Newton's Principia ; 7 The World of Leibniz: The Best of All Possible Worlds; 1 Leibniz and Descartes: A Contrast; 2 The Logic of God and the Logic of the World. 3 The World of Substances4 Teleology of the World; 5 From Metaphysical Dynamics to Physical Dynamics; 6 The Relational Theory of Space and Time; Biographical Notes; Appendix: The Leibniz-Clarke Debate; 8 Immanuel Kant: The A Priori Conditions of the Sciences; 1 The Fundamental Question: How Are the Sciences Possible?; 2 Synthetic A Priori Judgments; 3 How Is Pure Mathematics Possible? The Categories of Space and Time; 4 How Is a Pure Science of Nature Possible?; 5 The Boundaries of Philosophy; 6 A Critique of the Kantian Critique; Biographical Notes. Appendix: The Kant --
Laplace Cosmological Hypothesis9 The Romantic Philosophy of Nature; 1 Introduction: From Mysticism to Idealism; 2 The Mysticism of Being; 3 Fichte: The Romantic Theory of Science; 4 Schelling's Speculative Physics; 5 A Philosophical Science of Nature; 6 The Debate About Hegel; 7 Evaluation and Conclusions; Biographical Notes; Appendix: Romanticism in PolandBetween Philosophy and Literature; 10 The Cosmology of Whitehead: The Universe as Process; 1 Sources of the Great System; 2 Speculative Philosophy and the Empirical Sciences; 3 The Conception of Nature.
Responsibility: by Michael Heller.

Abstract:

The traditional topics of the 'philosophy of nature' - space, time, causality, the structure of the universe - are overwhelmingly present in our modern scientific theories. This book traces the complex paths that discussion of these topics has followed, from Plato and Aristotle, through Descartes, Leibniz, Kant and other great thinkers, right up to the relativistic cosmologies and the grand unified theories of contemporary science. In the light of this historical development, it becomes clear that modern science gives us not only a technological power over the world, but also a deeper understa.

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