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Philosophy of science : an overview for cognitive science

Author: William Bechtel
Publisher: Hillsdale, N.J. : L. Erlbaum, [1988] ©1988
Series: Tutorial Essays in Cognitive Science Series.
Edition/Format:   eBook : Document : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
Of Post-Positivist Philosophy of Science5 THEORY REDUCTION AS A MODEL FOR RELATING DISCIPLINES; Introduction: Relating Disciplines by Relating Theories; The Theory Reduction Model and the Unity of Science Program; Arguments Against Trying to Reduce Psychology to Neuroscience; Reduction as Facilitating the Co-Evolution of Psychology and Neuroscience; The Elimination of Folk Psychology in Favor of One that is
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Genre/Form: Electronic books
Additional Physical Format: Print version:
Bechtel, William.
Philosophy of science
(DLC) 87030463
(OCoLC)16923297
Material Type: Document, Internet resource
Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File
All Authors / Contributors: William Bechtel
ISBN: 9781317767473 1317767470
OCLC Number: 865578719
Notes: Includes index.
Description: 1 online resource (xiii, 136 pages).
Contents: Cover; Title; Copyright; Dedication; Contents; PREFACE; 1 THE LOCUS OF PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE; Introduction: What is Philosophy of Science?; Areas of Philosophy that Bear on Philosophy of Science; Conclusion; 2 LOGICAL POSITIVISM: THE RECEIVED VIEW IN PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE; Introduction: The Origins of Logical Positivism; The Verifiability Theory of Meaning; The Deductive-Nomological Model of Explanation and the Hypothetico-Deductive Model of Theory Development; The Axiomatic Account of Theories; Summary of Logical Positivism; 3 CHALLENGES TO LOGICAL POSITIVISM. Introduction: Challenges to Specific Theses of Logical PositivismThe Attack on Confirmation; Repudiation of the Deductive-Nomological Model of Explanation; Critique of the Analytic-Synthetic Distinction; A Challenge to the Observation-Theory Distinction; Overview of the Criticisms of Positivism; 4 POST-POSITIVIST PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE; The Emergence of Historically Grounded Philosophy of Science; Kuhn's Challenge: Normal and Revolutionary Science; Feyerabend's Attack on Method; Lakatosian Research Programmes; Laudan's Research Traditions; Studies of Scientific Discovery. Introduction: The Desire for an Alternative ModelShortcomings of the Theory Reduction Model; Darden and Maull's Conception of Interfield Theories; Interfield Theories Between Cognitive Science and Neuroscience; Interfield Theories Within Cognitive Science; Conclusions Concerning Cross-Disciplinary Research; POSTSCRIPT; REFERENCES; AUTHOR INDEX; SUBJECT INDEX.
Series Title: Tutorial Essays in Cognitive Science Series.
Responsibility: William Bechtel.
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Abstract:

Of Post-Positivist Philosophy of Science5 THEORY REDUCTION AS A MODEL FOR RELATING DISCIPLINES; Introduction: Relating Disciplines by Relating Theories; The Theory Reduction Model and the Unity of Science Program; Arguments Against Trying to Reduce Psychology to Neuroscience; Reduction as Facilitating the Co-Evolution of Psychology and Neuroscience; The Elimination of Folk Psychology in Favor of One that is Reducibile; Implications of the Theory Reduction Model for Relating Psychology and Neuroscience; 6 AN ALTERNATIVE MODEL FOR INTEGRATING DISCIPLINES.

This text focuses on two major issues: the nature of scientific inquiry and the relations between scientific disciplines. Designed to introduce the basic issues and concepts in the philosophy of science, Bechtel writes for an audience with little or no philosophical background. The first part of the book explores the legacy of Logical Positivism and the subsequent post-Positivistic developments in the philosophy of science. The second section examines arguments for and against using a model of theory reduction to integrate scientific disciplines. The book concludes with a chapter des.

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