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The philosophy of the Kalam

Author: Harry Austryn Wolfson
Publisher: Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1976.
Series: Structure and growth of philosophic systems from Plato to Spinoza, 4.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
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Material Type: Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Harry Austryn Wolfson
ISBN: 0674665805 9780674665804
OCLC Number: 2138906
Description: xxvi, 779 pages ; 23 cm.
Contents: Chapter 1. The Kalam --
The term Kalam --
The Kalam according to Shahrastani and Ibn Haldun --
The Kalam According to Maimonides --
Influences --
Christianity --
Greek philosophy --
Iranian and Indian religions --
Judaism --
Origin, Structure, Diversity --
Christian and Jewish Kalam --
Christian Kalam --
Jewish Kalam --
Chapter 2. Attributes --
The Muslim Attributes and the Christian Trinity --
Denial of the reality of Attributes --
Created Attributes --
Modes --
Muammar's ma'na --
Abu Hashim's ahwal --
The semantic aspect of the problem of Attributes --
Chapter 3. The Koran --
The uncreated Koran --
Origin of the doctrine of the uncreated Koran --
The unraised problem of Inlibration --
The created Koran --
The denial of the uncreated Koran and the denial of eternal Attributes --
The created Koran as a pre-existent created Heavenly Koran --
The denial of a pre-existent Heavenly Koran --
The formal creeds on Inlibration --
The Wasiyyah --
Nasafi and Taftazani --
Fadali --
The terms Mujdath, Hadath, and Haith as applied to the Koran --
Chapter 4. Islam and Christianity --
Trinity and Incarnation in the Koran --
Trinity and Incarnation in the Kalam --
The Philosopher Kindi and Yahya Ibn 'Adi on the Trinity --
An unknown splinter group of Nestorians --
Muslim Attributes in Medieval Christianity --
Chapter 5. Creation of the World --
Creation Ex Nihilo --
Historical background --
The Kalam controversy over the non-existent (al-ma'dum) as a controversy over ex nihilo --
Arguments for creation --
Argument from finitudes and the reconstruction of its original form in Joan Philoponus --
Arugments form the analogy of things in the world --
Arugments from the aggregation and segregation of atoms --
Argument from the createdness of the accidents of the component parts of the world --
Argument from the impossibility of an infinite by succession --
Argument from particularization --
Argument from proponderation --
Argument form immortal souls --
The Kalam arguments for creation in Albertus Magnus, Thomas Aquinas, and Bonaventura --
Chapter 6. Atomism --
Affirmation of atomism --
Origin of Atomism in the Kalam --
An unknown pseudo-Democritean fragment and the unextendedness of atoms in the Kalam --
Greek description of atoms and reflected in the Atomism of the Kalam --
The denial of Atomism and the theories of Latency (kumun) and the Leap (al-tafrah) --
Chapter 7. Causality --
The denial of Causality --
The duration and destruction of things --
The theory of Custom ('adah) and its formulation by Ghazali --
Averroe's criticism of the denial of Causality and of the theory of Custom --
Affirmation of Causality --
Impossibilities --
Repercussions in Christianity --
St Thomas on the Kalam denial of Causality --
Nicolaus of Autrecourt and Ghazali's argument against Causality --
Chapter 8. Predestination and free will --
The Predestinarians --
The Libertarians --
The Hatirani in the Kalam and Ghazali as inner motive powers of human actions --
Generated effects (al-mutawalladat) --
The antinomies of free will --
Free will and the predestinarian verses in the Koran --
Free will and the appointed term (ajal) --
Free will and the preordained sustenance --
Free will and God's foreknowledge --
Free will and God's power : The theory of acquisition (kasb, iktisab) --
Chapter 9. What is new in the Kalam --
Attributes --
The Koran --
Creation --
Atomism --
Causality --
Predestination --
Conclusion.
Series Title: Structure and growth of philosophic systems from Plato to Spinoza, 4.
Responsibility: by Harry Austryn Wolfson.

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