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Poland : a country study

Author: Glenn E Curtis; Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress : For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O., 1994.
Series: Area handbook series.; DA pam, 550-162.
Edition/Format:   Print book : National government publication : English : 3rd edView all editions and formats
Summary:
Preface: At the end of the 1980s, Poland, like the other countries of Eastern Europe, underwent a rather sudden shift away from communist rule and into an uncertain new world of democracy and economic reform. The events spurred by the repudiation of Poland's last communist regime in 1989 demanded a new and updated version of Poland: A Country Study. Because the emergence of the opposition Solidarity movement in 1980  Read more...
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Additional Physical Format: Poland
(OCoLC)44195732
Online version:
Poland.
Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1994
(OCoLC)607109011
Online version:
Poland.
Washington, D.C. : Federal Research Division, Library of Congress, 1994
(OCoLC)622772908
Material Type: Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource
Document Type: Book, Internet Resource
All Authors / Contributors: Glenn E Curtis; Library of Congress. Federal Research Division.
ISBN: 0844408271 9780844408279
OCLC Number: 29548322
Notes: "Research completed October 1992."
Supersedes the 1984 ed. of Poland : a country study, edited by Harold D. Nelson.
Description: xlix, 356 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm.
Contents: Foreword --
Acknowledgments --
Preface --
Chronology Of Important Events --
Country Profile --
Introduction --
1: Historical Setting / Neal Pease --
Early history until 1385 --
Origins of Poland --
Medieval era --
Integration into European civilization --
Jagiellon era, 1385-1572 --
Polish-Lithuanian union --
Golden age of the sixteenth century --
Noble republic, 1572-1795 --
Elective monarchy --
Deluge, 1648-67 --
Decay of the commonwealth --
Three partitions, 1764-95 --
Partitioned Poland --
Napoleonic period --
Impact of nationalism and romanticism --
Era of national insurrections --
Time of organic work --
Social and political transformation --
Independence Won And Lost, 1914-1915 --
World War I --
Interwar Poland --
World War II --
Polish People's Republic --
Consolidation of communist power --
From Stalinism to the Polish October --
Gathering crisis of people's Poland, 1956-80 --
Birth of solidarity --
Jaruzelski interlude --
1989 elections and their aftermath --
2: Society And Its Environment / Glenn E Curtis --
Physical setting --
Topography --
Drainage --
climate --
Environment And Pollution --
Environmental conditions and crises --
Environmental groups --
Government environmental policy --
Demography --
Languages --
Population growth and structure --
Population density and distribution --
Social Order --
Ethnic groups --
Intelligentsia --
Working classes --
Social relationships --
Role of women --
Housing --
Communist housing policy --
Polish housing in practice --
Housing after 1989 --
Religion --
Polish Catholic church and the state --
Polish Catholic church and the people --
Other churches --
Education --
Education tradition --
Eras of repression --
Drive for education reform --
Structure of the education system --
Health And Welfare --
Health conditions --
Health care system --
Health issues --
Welfare system --
3: Economy / Zbigniew M Fallenbuchl --
Natural Resources --
Minerals and fuels --
Agricultural resources --
Labor force --
Economy Under The Communist System --
System structure --
Development strategy --
Development Of The Centrally Planned Economy --
Establishing the planning formula --
Retrenchment and adjustment in the 1960s --
Reliance on technology in the 1970s --
Reform failure in the 1980s --
After The Fall Of The Communist System --
Marketization and stabilization --
Macroeconomic indicators for 1990-91 --
External balance of the economy --
Privatization process --
Economic policy making in the 1990s --
Structure Of The Economy --
Fuels and energy --
Extractive and manufacturing industries --
Agriculture --
Fishing and forestry --
Transportation and communications --
Banking and finance --
Foreign Trade --
Foreign trade mechanism --
Postcommunist policy adjustments --
Foreign investment --
Economic Prospects --
4: Government And Politics / Ronald D Bachman --
Political Setting --
Round table agreement --
Mazowiecki government --
Popular election of a president --
Bielecki government --
Parliamentary elections of October 1991 --
Olszewski government --
Pawlak interlude --
Suchocka government --
Constitution --
Constitution of 1952 --
Constitutional revisions after April 1989 --
Government Structure --
Presidency --
Sejm --
Senate --
Supreme control chamber --
Council of ministers --
Regional and local government --
Judicial system --
Political Parties --
Solidarity --
Center alliance --
Democratic union --
Liberal-democratic congress --
Beer-lovers' party --
Peasant alliance --
Christian national union --
Party of Christian democrats --
Confederation for an independent Poland --
PZPR and successor parties --
Polish peasant party --
Politics And The Media --
Early opposition press --
Liberalization in the 1980s --
End of press censorship --
Book publishing --
Radio and television --
Foreign Relations --
Soviet Union and Russia --
Other former Soviet Republics --
Southern neighbors and the Visegrad Triangle --
Germany --
United States --
Other Western Countries --
International organizations --
5: National Security / Glenn E Curtis --
Development Of The Armed Forces --
From medieval times to World War I --
Interwar years --
World War II --
Communist era --
National Security Policy --
Threat perception --
Military doctrine --
Strategy and tactics --
Military cooperation and exchanges --
Defense Organization --
Communist tradition --
Evolution and restructuring --
National security agencies --
Armed services --
Military Manpower --
Military and society --
Recruitment and service obligations --
Military training and education --
Defense And The National Economy --
Military budget --
Arms procurement --
Law And Order --
Internal security --
Crime --
Penal system --
Under communism --
Appendix --
Tables --
Bibliography --
Glossary --
Index --
Contributors.
Series Title: Area handbook series.; DA pam, 550-162.
Responsibility: Federal Research Division, Library of Congress ; edited by Glenn E. Curtis.
More information:

Abstract:

Preface: At the end of the 1980s, Poland, like the other countries of Eastern Europe, underwent a rather sudden shift away from communist rule and into an uncertain new world of democracy and economic reform. The events spurred by the repudiation of Poland's last communist regime in 1989 demanded a new and updated version of Poland: A Country Study. Because the emergence of the opposition Solidarity movement in 1980 increased the flow of information from communist Poland, reliable coverage of the 1980s has been possible. Thus, this new treatment of Poland is based on a number of authoritative monographs and a host of scholarly articles. The most useful of those sources are sited in a bibliographic summary at the end of each chapter. The authors of this edition have described changes in the past ten years against the historical, political, and social background of Poland. Particular emphasis falls on the transition period that began in 1989 with the rejection of the last communist government. This period, a historic watershed not yet concluded in 1993, promises to have permanent impact on all aspects of Polish life. The authors have attempted to present a compact, accessible, and unbiased treatment of five main topics: historical setting, society and its environment, the economy, government and politics, and national security.

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