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Police education and minority recruitment : the impact of a college requirement

Author: David L Carter; Allen D Sapp; Police Executive Research Forum.
Publisher: Washington, D.C. : Police Executive Research Forum, ©1991.
Series: PERF discussion paper.
Edition/Format:   Print book : EnglishView all editions and formats
Summary:
520 This 1989 study examined the impact of a college requirement on the proportionate recruitment of minorities for police work. The first phase of the study was a comprehensive review of related research in police education, and the second phase was a survey of 699 State, county, and municipal law enforcement agencies. The third phase consisted of site visits to selected police departments to collect policy-related  Read more...
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Document Type: Book
All Authors / Contributors: David L Carter; Allen D Sapp; Police Executive Research Forum.
ISBN: 1878734237 9781878734235
OCLC Number: 26523882
Description: 35 pages : illustrations, map ; 23 cm.
Contents: Introduction --
Research methods --
Findings --
The issues --
Resolving the dilemmas --
Summary and conclusions --
End notes --
References --
Legal cases.
Series Title: PERF discussion paper.
Responsibility: David L. Carter, Allen D. Sapp.

Abstract:

520 This 1989 study examined the impact of a college requirement on the proportionate recruitment of minorities for police work. The first phase of the study was a comprehensive review of related research in police education, and the second phase was a survey of 699 State, county, and municipal law enforcement agencies. The third phase consisted of site visits to selected police departments to collect policy-related materials and explore educational issues in greater depth through document review and interviews. The final phase of the research involved extensive legal research on the bona fide occupational qualifications (BFOQ), discrimination in employment, and affirmative action practices. The data indicate that in the aggregate, law enforcement agencies in the research population had minority group members in proportions comparable to the general population. Educational levels of minority police officers were approximately the same as white officers at the undergraduate level and higher than white officers at the graduate level. Although a number of factors make college education disproportionately inaccessible to minorities, the courts have ruled that job requirements justify making a college degree a qualification for employment. Apparently there is an adequate pool of both minority and majority college-educated men and women interested in police employment. A college education can be both empirically and legally justified as a BFOQ and should be established.

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